Western Information Office

News Release Information

Wednesday, June 25, 2014

14-1230-SAN

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Average Energy Prices, Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County – May 2014


Gasoline prices averaged $4.200 a gallon in the Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County area in May 2014, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Richard J. Holden noted that area gasoline prices were up 14.0 cents compared to last May when they averaged $4.060 per gallon. Los Angeles area households paid an average of 21.5 cents per kilowatt hour (kWh) of electricity in May 2014, similar to 21.6 cents per kWh in May 2013. The average cost of utility (piped) gas at $1.350 per therm in May was more than the 1.200 cents per therm spent last year. (Data in this release are not seasonally adjusted; accordingly, over-the-year-analysis is used throughout.)

At $4.200 a gallon, Los Angeles area consumers paid 12.1 percent more than the $3.745 national average in May 2014. A year earlier, consumers in the Los Angeles area paid 10.3 percent more than the national average for a gallon of gasoline. The local price of a gallon of gasoline has exceeded the national average by at least 5.8 percent in the month of May in each of the past five years. (See chart 1.)

Chart 1. Average prices for gasoline, Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County and the United States, 2010-2014 (as of May)


The 21.5 cents per kWh Los Angeles households paid for electricity in May 2014 was 58.1 percent more than the nationwide average of 13.6 cents per kWh. Last May, electricity costs were 64.9 percent higher in Los Angeles compared to the nation. In the past five years, prices paid by Los Angeles area consumers for electricity exceeded the U.S. average by 58.1 percent or more in the month of May. (See chart 2.)

Chart 2. Average prices for electrictity, Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County and the United States, 2010-2014 (as of May)


Prices paid by Los Angeles area consumers for utility (piped) gas, commonly referred to as natural gas, were $1.350 per therm, or 21.5 percent more compared to the national average in May 2014 ($1.111 per therm). A year earlier, area consumers paid 15.8 percent more per therm for natural gas compared to the nation. In the Los Angeles area over the past five years, the per therm cost for natural gas in May has varied between 2.8 percent and 21.5 percent above the U.S. average. (See chart 3.)

Chart 3. Average prices for utility (piped) gas, Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County and the United States, 2010-2014 (as of May)



The Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, Calif. metropolitan area consists of Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino and Ventura Counties in California.

Technical Information
Average prices are estimated from Consumer Price Index (CPI) data for selected commodity series to support the research and analytic needs of CPI data users. Average prices for electricity, utility (piped) gas, and gasoline are published monthly for the U.S. city average, the 4 regions, the 3 population size classes, 10 region/size-class cross-classifications, and the 14 largest local index areas. For electricity, average prices per kilowatt-hour (kWh) and per 500 kWh are published. For utility (piped) gas, average prices per therm, per 40 therms, and per 100 therms are published. For gasoline, the average price per gallon is published. Average prices for commonly available grades of gasoline are published as well as the average price across all grades.

Price quotes for 40 therms and 100 therms of utility (piped) gas and for 500 kWh of electricity are collected in sample outlets for use in the average price programs only. Since they are for specified consumption amounts, they are not used in the CPI. All other price quotes used for average price estimation are regular CPI data.

With the exception of the 40 therms, 100 therms, and 500 kWh price quotes, all eligible prices are converted to a price per normalized quantity. These prices are then used to estimate a price for a defined fixed quantity.

The average price per kilowatt-hour represents the total bill divided by the kilowatt-hour usage. The total bill is the sum of all items applicable to all consumers appearing on an electricity bill including, but not limited to, variable rates per kWh, fixed costs, taxes, surcharges, and credits. This calculation also applies to the average price per therm for utility (piped) gas.

Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200, Federal Relay Service: 800-877-8339.

Table 1. Average prices for gasoline, electricity, and utility (piped) gas, United States and the Los Angeles area, May 2013–May 2014, not seasonally adjusted
Year and Month Gasoline per gallon Electricity per kWh Utility (piped) gas per therm
Los Angeles United States Los Angeles United States Los Angeles United States
2013

May

4.060
3.682
0.216
0.131
1.200
1.036

June

4.073
3.693
0.203
0.137
1.275
1.038

July

4.115
3.687
0.203
0.137
1.239
1.025

August

3.955
3.658
0.203
0.137
1.230
1.003

September

4.008
3.616
0.203
0.137
1.183
1.000

October

3.767
3.434
0.215
0.132
1.175
0.999

November

3.651
3.310
0.215
0.130
1.113
0.999

December

3.661
3.333
0.220
0.131
1.109
0.998
2014

January

3.665
3.378
0.215
0.134
1.195
1.040

February

3.812
3.422
0.215
0.134
1.236
1.078

March

4.046
3.590
0.215
0.135
1.321
1.154

April

4.263
3.717
0.178
0.131
1.211
1.137

May

4.200
3.745
0.215
0.136
1.350
1.111