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15-304-SAN Thursday, February 26, 2015

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  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, San Diego - Second Half 2014

Area prices were down 0.1 percent over the past six months, up 1.3 percent from a year ago

Prices in the San Diego Area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), inched down 0.1 percent in the second half of 2014, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Regional Commissioner Richard J. Holden noted that the January decrease was influenced by lower prices for gasoline and apparel. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, six-month-to-six-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U advanced 1.3 percent.  (See chart 1 and table A.) Energy prices decreased 2.1 percent, largely the result of an decrease in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy advanced 1.4 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

 Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, San Diego, First half of 2011 – Second half 2014

Food

Food prices advanced 1.3 percent in the second half of 2014. (See table 1.) Prices for food away from home increased 1.9 percent, and prices for food at home increased 1.1 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices rose 2.8 percent. Prices for food away from home advanced 3.4 percent since a year ago, and prices for food at home advanced 2.7 percent.

Energy

The energy index decreased 6.2 percent since the first half of 2014. The decrease was mainly due to lower prices for gasoline (-11.1 percent). Prices for natural gas service advanced 0.6 percent, and prices for electricity increased 5.6 percent for the same period.

Energy prices decreased 2.1 percent over the year, largely due to lower prices for gasoline (-7.3 percent). Prices paid for electricity advanced 9.0 percent, and prices for natural gas service jumped 11.7 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy advanced 0.4 percent in the latest six-month period. Higher prices for shelter (1.1 percent), household furnishings and operations (0.5 percent), and education and communication (0.4 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for apparel (-4.0 percent) and other goods and services (-0.5 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy advanced 1.4 percent. Components contributing to the increase included shelter (2.3 percent) and household furnishings and operations (0.8 percent). Partly offsetting the increases were price declines in recreation (-0.5 percent) and apparel (-0.4 percent).

Table A. San Diego CPI-U monthly and annual percent changes (not seasonally adjusted)
Month 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Semi-annual Annual Semi-annual Annual Semi-annual Annual Semi-annual Annual Semi-annual Annual Semi-annual Annual

First Half

-0.5 -0.6 0.2 1.4 2.3 3.4 1.3 1.7 0.6 0.9 1.4 2.4

Second Half

1.1 0.6 1.0 1.2 0.4 2.7 0.3 1.5 1.1 1.7 -0.1 1.3

The first half of 2015 Consumer Price Index for the San Diego is scheduled to be released on August 19, 2015.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 4,000 housing units and approximately 26,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The San Diego, CA metropolitan area covered in this release consists of San Diego County in the State of California.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes for semiannual averages and percent changes for selected periods

San Diego, CA (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Semiannual average indexes
 
Percent change to
2nd half 2014 from-
2nd half
2013
1st half
2014
2nd half
2014
2nd half
2013
1st half
2014

Expenditure category

 
 

All items

261.679 265.251 265.039 1.3 -0.1

All items (1967=100)

884.815 896.895 896.178 - -

Food and beverages

238.000 241.797 244.716 2.8 1.2

Food

235.254 238.846 241.836 2.8 1.3

Food at home

219.128 222.500 225.005 2.7 1.1

Food away from home

254.719 258.279 263.314 3.4 1.9

Alcoholic beverages

258.299 264.228 266.241 3.1 0.8

Housing

287.897 291.893 294.532 2.3 0.9

Shelter

322.665 326.544 329.977 2.3 1.1

Rent of primary residence

316.492 319.094 322.979 2.0 1.2

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1)

344.154 348.321 351.241 2.1 0.8

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1)

344.154 348.321 351.241 2.1 0.8

Fuels and utilities

258.323 271.941 270.773 4.8 -0.4

Household energy

218.131 227.904 237.777 9.0 4.3

Energy services

213.319 222.429 232.333 8.9 4.5

Electricity

202.287 208.845 220.539 9.0 5.6

Utility (piped) gas service

175.884 195.329 196.419 11.7 0.6

Household furnishings and operations

180.765 181.269 182.221 0.8 0.5

Apparel

136.305 141.401 135.721 -0.4 -4.0

Transportation

224.112 228.254 218.362 -2.6 -4.3

Private transportation

215.470 218.584 209.886 -2.6 -4.0

Motor fuel

306.037 319.319 284.058 -7.2 -11.0

Gasoline (all types)

306.179 319.363 283.979 -7.3 -11.1

Gasoline, unleaded regular (2)

319.042 332.863 295.533 -7.4 -11.2

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (2) (3)

261.421 272.546 - - -

Gasoline, unleaded premium (2)

307.398 320.364 286.446 -6.8 -10.6

Medical care

413.157 420.045 - - -

Recreation (4)

149.511 148.429 148.738 -0.5 0.2

Education and communication (4)

145.910 146.082 146.694 0.5 0.4

Other goods and services

369.027 372.694 370.999 0.5 -0.5
 

Commodity and service group

 
 

All Items

261.679 265.251 265.039 1.3 -0.1

Commodities

199.269 201.906 197.980 -0.6 -1.9

Commodities less food & beverages

178.250 180.354 173.024 -2.9 -4.1

Nondurables less food & beverages

202.309 206.847 194.996 -3.6 -5.7

Durables

151.744 150.520 149.613 -1.4 -0.6

Services

317.006 321.399 324.358 2.3 0.9
 

Special aggregate indexes

 
 

All items less medical care

254.465 257.887 257.417 1.2 -0.2

All items less shelter

238.706 242.288 240.352 0.7 -0.8

Commodities less food

181.919 184.177 177.202 -2.6 -3.8

Nondurables

222.081 226.220 221.091 -0.4 -2.3

Nondurables less food

207.905 212.555 201.521 -3.1 -5.2

Services less rent of shelter (1)

327.316 333.407 335.845 2.6 0.7

Services less medical care services

307.078 311.069 313.695 2.2 0.8

Energy

267.374 279.152 261.787 -2.1 -6.2

All items less energy

262.874 265.795 267.150 1.6 0.5

All items less food and energy

269.167 271.964 273.026 1.4 0.4

Footnotes
(1) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(3) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
 

- Data not available.
 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, February 26, 2015

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News Release Information

15-304-SAN Thursday, February 26, 2015

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, San Diego - Second Half 2014

Area prices were down 0.1 percent over the past six months, up 1.3 percent from a year ago

Prices in the San Diego Area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), inched down 0.1 percent in the second half of 2014, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Regional Commissioner Richard J. Holden noted that the January decrease was influenced by lower prices for gasoline and apparel. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, six-month-to-six-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U advanced 1.3 percent.  (See chart 1 and table A.) Energy prices decreased 2.1 percent, largely the result of an decrease in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy advanced 1.4 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

 Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, San Diego, First half of 2011 – Second half 2014

Food

Food prices advanced 1.3 percent in the second half of 2014. (See table 1.) Prices for food away from home increased 1.9 percent, and prices for food at home increased 1.1 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices rose 2.8 percent. Prices for food away from home advanced 3.4 percent since a year ago, and prices for food at home advanced 2.7 percent.

Energy

The energy index decreased 6.2 percent since the first half of 2014. The decrease was mainly due to lower prices for gasoline (-11.1 percent). Prices for natural gas service advanced 0.6 percent, and prices for electricity increased 5.6 percent for the same period.

Energy prices decreased 2.1 percent over the year, largely due to lower prices for gasoline (-7.3 percent). Prices paid for electricity advanced 9.0 percent, and prices for natural gas service jumped 11.7 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy advanced 0.4 percent in the latest six-month period. Higher prices for shelter (1.1 percent), household furnishings and operations (0.5 percent), and education and communication (0.4 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for apparel (-4.0 percent) and other goods and services (-0.5 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy advanced 1.4 percent. Components contributing to the increase included shelter (2.3 percent) and household furnishings and operations (0.8 percent). Partly offsetting the increases were price declines in recreation (-0.5 percent) and apparel (-0.4 percent).

Table A. San Diego CPI-U monthly and annual percent changes (not seasonally adjusted)
Month 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Semi-annual Annual Semi-annual Annual Semi-annual Annual Semi-annual Annual Semi-annual Annual Semi-annual Annual

First Half

-0.5 -0.6 0.2 1.4 2.3 3.4 1.3 1.7 0.6 0.9 1.4 2.4

Second Half

1.1 0.6 1.0 1.2 0.4 2.7 0.3 1.5 1.1 1.7 -0.1 1.3

The first half of 2015 Consumer Price Index for the San Diego is scheduled to be released on August 19, 2015.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 4,000 housing units and approximately 26,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The San Diego, CA metropolitan area covered in this release consists of San Diego County in the State of California.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes for semiannual averages and percent changes for selected periods

San Diego, CA (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Semiannual average indexes
 
Percent change to
2nd half 2014 from-
2nd half
2013
1st half
2014
2nd half
2014
2nd half
2013
1st half
2014

Expenditure category

 
 

All items

261.679 265.251 265.039 1.3 -0.1

All items (1967=100)

884.815 896.895 896.178 - -

Food and beverages

238.000 241.797 244.716 2.8 1.2

Food

235.254 238.846 241.836 2.8 1.3

Food at home

219.128 222.500 225.005 2.7 1.1

Food away from home

254.719 258.279 263.314 3.4 1.9

Alcoholic beverages

258.299 264.228 266.241 3.1 0.8

Housing

287.897 291.893 294.532 2.3 0.9

Shelter

322.665 326.544 329.977 2.3 1.1

Rent of primary residence

316.492 319.094 322.979 2.0 1.2

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1)

344.154 348.321 351.241 2.1 0.8

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1)

344.154 348.321 351.241 2.1 0.8

Fuels and utilities

258.323 271.941 270.773 4.8 -0.4

Household energy

218.131 227.904 237.777 9.0 4.3

Energy services

213.319 222.429 232.333 8.9 4.5

Electricity

202.287 208.845 220.539 9.0 5.6

Utility (piped) gas service

175.884 195.329 196.419 11.7 0.6

Household furnishings and operations

180.765 181.269 182.221 0.8 0.5

Apparel

136.305 141.401 135.721 -0.4 -4.0

Transportation

224.112 228.254 218.362 -2.6 -4.3

Private transportation

215.470 218.584 209.886 -2.6 -4.0

Motor fuel

306.037 319.319 284.058 -7.2 -11.0

Gasoline (all types)

306.179 319.363 283.979 -7.3 -11.1

Gasoline, unleaded regular (2)

319.042 332.863 295.533 -7.4 -11.2

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (2) (3)

261.421 272.546 - - -

Gasoline, unleaded premium (2)

307.398 320.364 286.446 -6.8 -10.6

Medical care

413.157 420.045 - - -

Recreation (4)

149.511 148.429 148.738 -0.5 0.2

Education and communication (4)

145.910 146.082 146.694 0.5 0.4

Other goods and services

369.027 372.694 370.999 0.5 -0.5
 

Commodity and service group

 
 

All Items

261.679 265.251 265.039 1.3 -0.1

Commodities

199.269 201.906 197.980 -0.6 -1.9

Commodities less food & beverages

178.250 180.354 173.024 -2.9 -4.1

Nondurables less food & beverages

202.309 206.847 194.996 -3.6 -5.7

Durables

151.744 150.520 149.613 -1.4 -0.6

Services

317.006 321.399 324.358 2.3 0.9
 

Special aggregate indexes

 
 

All items less medical care

254.465 257.887 257.417 1.2 -0.2

All items less shelter

238.706 242.288 240.352 0.7 -0.8

Commodities less food

181.919 184.177 177.202 -2.6 -3.8

Nondurables

222.081 226.220 221.091 -0.4 -2.3

Nondurables less food

207.905 212.555 201.521 -3.1 -5.2

Services less rent of shelter (1)

327.316 333.407 335.845 2.6 0.7

Services less medical care services

307.078 311.069 313.695 2.2 0.8

Energy

267.374 279.152 261.787 -2.1 -6.2

All items less energy

262.874 265.795 267.150 1.6 0.5

All items less food and energy

269.167 271.964 273.026 1.4 0.4

Footnotes
(1) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(3) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
 

- Data not available.
 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, February 26, 2015