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News Release Information

15-503-SAN Tuesday, March 24, 2015

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, West Region — February 2015

Area prices were up 0.6 percent over the past month, up 0.9 percent from a year ago

Prices in the West Region, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), increased 0.6 percent in February, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) The February increase was influenced by higher prices for gasoline and shelter. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 0.9 percent.  (See chart 1 and table A.) Energy prices dropped 17.5 percent, largely the result of a decrease in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy rose 2.3 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

 Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, West Region, February 2012-February 2015

 

Food

Food prices inched down 0.1 percent for the month of February. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home decreased 0.3 percent, but prices for food away from home rose 0.3 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices advanced 3.4 percent. Prices for food at home rose 3.7 percent since a year ago, and prices for food away from home advanced 3.1 percent.

Energy

The energy index advanced 2.8 percent over the month. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (6.2 percent). Prices for electricity inched down 0.1 percent, and prices for natural gas service declined 0.5 percent for the same period.

Energy prices dropped 17.5 percent over the year, largely due to lower prices for gasoline (-29.8 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service rose 2.7 percent, and prices for electricity advanced 0.8 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy advanced 0.5 percent in February. The increase was primarily due to higher prices for apparel (1.9 percent), new vehicles (1.2 percent), and shelter (0.5 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy rose 2.3 percent. Higher prices for shelter (4.0 percent) and medical care (2.5 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for used cars and trucks (-3.5 percent).

Table A. West Region CPI-U monthly and annual percent changes (not seasonally adjusted)
Month 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Monthly Annual

January

0.3 1.9 0.5 1.4 0.4 2.6 0.3 1.7 0.3 1.7 -0.3 0.7

February

0.1 1.4 0.6 1.9 0.4 2.5 0.8 2.0 0.4 1.3 0.6 0.9

March

0.3 1.6 0.9 2.6 0.9 2.4 0.4 1.5 0.6 1.5    

April

0.2 1.5 0.6 3.0 0.2 2.1 0.0 1.3 0.3 1.8    

May

0.1 1.3 0.3 3.2 0.2 2.0 0.2 1.3 0.6 2.3    

June

-0.1 0.6 -0.2 3.1 -0.2 2.0 0.1 1.5 0.1 2.3    

July

0.1 0.8 -0.1 2.9 -0.3 1.8 0.0 1.9 0.1 2.3    

August

0.1 0.7 0.2 3.0 0.5 2.1 0.1 1.5 -0.1 2.1    

September

-0.1 0.5 0.4 3.5 0.5 2.2 0.2 1.3 0.1 2.0    

October

0.1 0.6 0.0 3.4 0.4 2.5 -0.1 0.9 -0.1 2.0    

November

0.0 0.9 -0.2 3.2 -0.7 1.9 -0.4 1.3 -0.6 1.7    

December

0.2 1.3 -0.3 2.7 -0.5 1.7 0.0 1.8 -0.5 1.3    

The March 2015 Consumer Price Index for the West Region is scheduled to be released on April 17, 2015.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 4,000 housing units and approximately 26,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The West Region covered in this release is comprised of the following thirteen states: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

West (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Feb.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

239.095 238.318 239.748 0.9 0.3 0.6

All items (December 1977=100)

386.484 385.227 387.539      

Food and beverages

248.679 249.219 249.100 3.3 0.2 0.0

Food

248.803 249.403 249.263 3.4 0.2 -0.1

Food at home

249.592 250.441 249.628 3.7 0.0 -0.3

Food away from home

246.468 246.713 247.524 3.1 0.4 0.3

Alcoholic beverages

243.682 243.463 243.604 1.7 0.0 0.1

Housing

249.072 250.123 251.248 3.4 0.9 0.4

Shelter

281.000 282.147 283.426 4.0 0.9 0.5

Rent of primary residence (1)

294.877 295.927 296.880 4.2 0.7 0.3

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

295.058 295.909 296.871 3.6 0.6 0.3

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

295.047 295.900 296.862 3.6 0.6 0.3

Fuels and utilities

272.267 274.684 274.760 2.0 0.9 0.0

Household energy

237.907 240.250 239.786 0.4 0.8 -0.2

Energy services (1)

239.150 242.408 241.924 1.3 1.2 -0.2

Electricity (1)

258.855 263.658 263.361 0.8 1.7 -0.1

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

207.308 207.079 206.117 2.7 -0.6 -0.5

Household furnishings and operations

128.131 128.181 129.299 0.3 0.9 0.9

Apparel

116.587 116.559 118.718 1.3 1.8 1.9

Transportation

198.919 190.929 194.638 -8.5 -2.2 1.9

Private transportation

192.744 184.366 188.194 -9.1 -2.4 2.1

New and used motor vehicles (3)

99.351 99.511 100.642 -0.5 1.3 1.1

New vehicles

145.050 145.496 147.272 0.8 1.5 1.2

New cars and trucks (3) (4)

100.847 101.157 102.349 0.8 1.5 1.2

New cars (4)

145.247 145.783 147.203 0.2 1.3 1.0

Used cars and trucks

137.692 137.029 138.644 -3.5 0.7 1.2

Motor fuel

224.945 189.669 200.971 -29.7 -10.7 6.0

Gasoline (all types)

223.075 188.054 199.636 -29.8 -10.5 6.2

Gasoline, unleaded regular (4)

221.296 185.737 197.305 -30.3 -10.8 6.2

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (4) (5)

211.919 181.020 192.246 -28.4 -9.3 6.2

Gasoline, unleaded premium (4)

215.594 184.778 195.873 -27.9 -9.1 6.0

Medical Care

446.377 447.286 449.719 2.5 0.7 0.5

Medical care commodities

340.579 341.585 345.317 4.1 1.4 1.1

Medical care services

479.809 480.659 482.519 2.1 0.6 0.4

Professional services

332.813 333.511 336.261 2.0 1.0 0.8

Recreation (3)

109.058 109.062 109.610 0.0 0.5 0.5

Education and communication (3)

138.071 138.286 138.439 0.2 0.3 0.1

Other goods and services

399.426 401.012 401.142 0.8 0.4 0.0
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

239.095 238.318 239.748 0.9 0.3 0.6

Commodities

178.573 176.041 177.717 -2.5 -0.5 1.0

Commodities less food & beverages

143.483 139.773 142.131 -6.3 -0.9 1.7

Nondurables less food & beverages

181.257 173.286 177.077 -9.4 -2.3 2.2

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

226.847 213.492 218.422 -12.7 -3.7 2.3

Durables

108.556 108.712 109.762 -1.4 1.1 1.0

Services

294.763 295.685 296.863 3.0 0.7 0.4

Rent of shelter (2)

298.941 300.156 301.527 3.9 0.9 0.5

Transportation services

278.753 278.242 279.634 1.8 0.3 0.5

Other services

332.790 332.835 333.826 0.9 0.3 0.3
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

229.595 228.753 230.137 0.8 0.2 0.6

All items less food

237.750 236.753 238.434 0.5 0.3 0.7

All items less shelter

223.389 221.784 223.293 -0.7 0.0 0.7

Commodities less food

147.288 143.659 145.965 -5.9 -0.9 1.6

Nondurables

215.043 210.976 212.975 -2.8 -1.0 0.9

Nondurables less food

185.924 178.377 181.969 -8.6 -2.1 2.0

Nondurables less food and apparel

228.117 216.045 220.507 -11.4 -3.3 2.1

Services less rent of shelter (2)

322.879 323.522 324.581 1.8 0.5 0.3

Services less medical care services

281.909 282.829 283.959 3.1 0.7 0.4

Energy

233.116 214.552 220.630 -17.5 -5.4 2.8

All items less energy

241.484 242.047 243.137 2.5 0.7 0.5

All items less food and energy

240.962 241.520 242.829 2.3 0.8 0.5

Commodities less food and energy commodities

138.982 139.182 140.436 0.0 1.0 0.9

Energy commodities

229.604 193.829 205.085 -29.6 -10.7 5.8

Services less energy services

299.047 299.823 301.110 3.1 0.7 0.4

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. West includes Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, March 24, 2015

Recommend this page using:

News Release Information

15-503-SAN Tuesday, March 24, 2015

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, West Region — February 2015

Area prices were up 0.6 percent over the past month, up 0.9 percent from a year ago

Prices in the West Region, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), increased 0.6 percent in February, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) The February increase was influenced by higher prices for gasoline and shelter. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 0.9 percent.  (See chart 1 and table A.) Energy prices dropped 17.5 percent, largely the result of a decrease in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy rose 2.3 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

 Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, West Region, February 2012-February 2015

 

Food

Food prices inched down 0.1 percent for the month of February. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home decreased 0.3 percent, but prices for food away from home rose 0.3 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices advanced 3.4 percent. Prices for food at home rose 3.7 percent since a year ago, and prices for food away from home advanced 3.1 percent.

Energy

The energy index advanced 2.8 percent over the month. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (6.2 percent). Prices for electricity inched down 0.1 percent, and prices for natural gas service declined 0.5 percent for the same period.

Energy prices dropped 17.5 percent over the year, largely due to lower prices for gasoline (-29.8 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service rose 2.7 percent, and prices for electricity advanced 0.8 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy advanced 0.5 percent in February. The increase was primarily due to higher prices for apparel (1.9 percent), new vehicles (1.2 percent), and shelter (0.5 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy rose 2.3 percent. Higher prices for shelter (4.0 percent) and medical care (2.5 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for used cars and trucks (-3.5 percent).

Table A. West Region CPI-U monthly and annual percent changes (not seasonally adjusted)
Month 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Monthly Annual

January

0.3 1.9 0.5 1.4 0.4 2.6 0.3 1.7 0.3 1.7 -0.3 0.7

February

0.1 1.4 0.6 1.9 0.4 2.5 0.8 2.0 0.4 1.3 0.6 0.9

March

0.3 1.6 0.9 2.6 0.9 2.4 0.4 1.5 0.6 1.5    

April

0.2 1.5 0.6 3.0 0.2 2.1 0.0 1.3 0.3 1.8    

May

0.1 1.3 0.3 3.2 0.2 2.0 0.2 1.3 0.6 2.3    

June

-0.1 0.6 -0.2 3.1 -0.2 2.0 0.1 1.5 0.1 2.3    

July

0.1 0.8 -0.1 2.9 -0.3 1.8 0.0 1.9 0.1 2.3    

August

0.1 0.7 0.2 3.0 0.5 2.1 0.1 1.5 -0.1 2.1    

September

-0.1 0.5 0.4 3.5 0.5 2.2 0.2 1.3 0.1 2.0    

October

0.1 0.6 0.0 3.4 0.4 2.5 -0.1 0.9 -0.1 2.0    

November

0.0 0.9 -0.2 3.2 -0.7 1.9 -0.4 1.3 -0.6 1.7    

December

0.2 1.3 -0.3 2.7 -0.5 1.7 0.0 1.8 -0.5 1.3    

The March 2015 Consumer Price Index for the West Region is scheduled to be released on April 17, 2015.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 4,000 housing units and approximately 26,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The West Region covered in this release is comprised of the following thirteen states: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

West (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Feb.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

239.095 238.318 239.748 0.9 0.3 0.6

All items (December 1977=100)

386.484 385.227 387.539      

Food and beverages

248.679 249.219 249.100 3.3 0.2 0.0

Food

248.803 249.403 249.263 3.4 0.2 -0.1

Food at home

249.592 250.441 249.628 3.7 0.0 -0.3

Food away from home

246.468 246.713 247.524 3.1 0.4 0.3

Alcoholic beverages

243.682 243.463 243.604 1.7 0.0 0.1

Housing

249.072 250.123 251.248 3.4 0.9 0.4

Shelter

281.000 282.147 283.426 4.0 0.9 0.5

Rent of primary residence (1)

294.877 295.927 296.880 4.2 0.7 0.3

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

295.058 295.909 296.871 3.6 0.6 0.3

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

295.047 295.900 296.862 3.6 0.6 0.3

Fuels and utilities

272.267 274.684 274.760 2.0 0.9 0.0

Household energy

237.907 240.250 239.786 0.4 0.8 -0.2

Energy services (1)

239.150 242.408 241.924 1.3 1.2 -0.2

Electricity (1)

258.855 263.658 263.361 0.8 1.7 -0.1

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

207.308 207.079 206.117 2.7 -0.6 -0.5

Household furnishings and operations

128.131 128.181 129.299 0.3 0.9 0.9

Apparel

116.587 116.559 118.718 1.3 1.8 1.9

Transportation

198.919 190.929 194.638 -8.5 -2.2 1.9

Private transportation

192.744 184.366 188.194 -9.1 -2.4 2.1

New and used motor vehicles (3)

99.351 99.511 100.642 -0.5 1.3 1.1

New vehicles

145.050 145.496 147.272 0.8 1.5 1.2

New cars and trucks (3) (4)

100.847 101.157 102.349 0.8 1.5 1.2

New cars (4)

145.247 145.783 147.203 0.2 1.3 1.0

Used cars and trucks

137.692 137.029 138.644 -3.5 0.7 1.2

Motor fuel

224.945 189.669 200.971 -29.7 -10.7 6.0

Gasoline (all types)

223.075 188.054 199.636 -29.8 -10.5 6.2

Gasoline, unleaded regular (4)

221.296 185.737 197.305 -30.3 -10.8 6.2

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (4) (5)

211.919 181.020 192.246 -28.4 -9.3 6.2

Gasoline, unleaded premium (4)

215.594 184.778 195.873 -27.9 -9.1 6.0

Medical Care

446.377 447.286 449.719 2.5 0.7 0.5

Medical care commodities

340.579 341.585 345.317 4.1 1.4 1.1

Medical care services

479.809 480.659 482.519 2.1 0.6 0.4

Professional services

332.813 333.511 336.261 2.0 1.0 0.8

Recreation (3)

109.058 109.062 109.610 0.0 0.5 0.5

Education and communication (3)

138.071 138.286 138.439 0.2 0.3 0.1

Other goods and services

399.426 401.012 401.142 0.8 0.4 0.0
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

239.095 238.318 239.748 0.9 0.3 0.6

Commodities

178.573 176.041 177.717 -2.5 -0.5 1.0

Commodities less food & beverages

143.483 139.773 142.131 -6.3 -0.9 1.7

Nondurables less food & beverages

181.257 173.286 177.077 -9.4 -2.3 2.2

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

226.847 213.492 218.422 -12.7 -3.7 2.3

Durables

108.556 108.712 109.762 -1.4 1.1 1.0

Services

294.763 295.685 296.863 3.0 0.7 0.4

Rent of shelter (2)

298.941 300.156 301.527 3.9 0.9 0.5

Transportation services

278.753 278.242 279.634 1.8 0.3 0.5

Other services

332.790 332.835 333.826 0.9 0.3 0.3
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

229.595 228.753 230.137 0.8 0.2 0.6

All items less food

237.750 236.753 238.434 0.5 0.3 0.7

All items less shelter

223.389 221.784 223.293 -0.7 0.0 0.7

Commodities less food

147.288 143.659 145.965 -5.9 -0.9 1.6

Nondurables

215.043 210.976 212.975 -2.8 -1.0 0.9

Nondurables less food

185.924 178.377 181.969 -8.6 -2.1 2.0

Nondurables less food and apparel

228.117 216.045 220.507 -11.4 -3.3 2.1

Services less rent of shelter (2)

322.879 323.522 324.581 1.8 0.5 0.3

Services less medical care services

281.909 282.829 283.959 3.1 0.7 0.4

Energy

233.116 214.552 220.630 -17.5 -5.4 2.8

All items less energy

241.484 242.047 243.137 2.5 0.7 0.5

All items less food and energy

240.962 241.520 242.829 2.3 0.8 0.5

Commodities less food and energy commodities

138.982 139.182 140.436 0.0 1.0 0.9

Energy commodities

229.604 193.829 205.085 -29.6 -10.7 5.8

Services less energy services

299.047 299.823 301.110 3.1 0.7 0.4

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. West includes Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, March 24, 2015