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News Release Information

15-1416-SAN Friday, July 17, 2015

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, West Region — June 2015

Area prices were unchanged over the past month, up 1.1 percent from a year ago

Prices in the West Region, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), were unchanged in June, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) During this period, lower gasoline and apparel prices helped counter higher shelter prices. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U advanced 1.1 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Energy prices fell 11.0 percent, largely the result of a decrease in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy rose 2.3 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

 Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, West Region, June 2012-June 2015

Food

Food prices crept up 0.2 percent for the month of June. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home rose 0.3 percent, while prices for food away from home were virtually unchanged (0.1 percent) for the same period.

Over the year, food prices increased 2.2 percent. Prices for food away from home increased 2.9 percent and prices for food at home rose 1.7 percent since a year ago.

Energy

The energy index decreased 0.8 percent over the month. The decrease was mainly due to lower prices for gasoline (-2.1 percent). Prices for electricity crept up 0.2 percent, and prices for natural gas service advanced 2.4 percent for the same period.

Energy prices fell 11.0 percent over the year, largely due to lower prices for gasoline (-17.7 percent). Prices paid for electricity declined 0.6 percent, but prices for natural gas service increased 1.2 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy edged up 0.1 percent in June. Higher prices for recreation (0.5 percent) and shelter (0.3 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for apparel (-2.4 percent) and medical care (-0.5 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy rose 2.3 percent. Shelter prices rose 4.1 percent and contributed to nearly the entire increase. Partly offsetting the increase were price declines in apparel (-3.6 percent) and education and communication (-0.5 percent).

Table A. West Region CPI-U monthly and annual percent changes (not seasonally adjusted)
Month 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Monthly Annual

January

0.3 1.9 0.5 1.4 0.4 2.6 0.3 1.7 0.3 1.7 -0.3 0.7

February

0.1 1.4 0.6 1.9 0.4 2.5 0.8 2.0 0.4 1.3 0.6 0.9

March

0.3 1.6 0.9 2.6 0.9 2.4 0.4 1.5 0.6 1.5 0.8 1.1

April

0.2 1.5 0.6 3.0 0.2 2.1 0.0 1.3 0.3 1.8 0.3 1.0

May

0.1 1.3 0.3 3.2 0.2 2.0 0.2 1.3 0.6 2.3 0.8 1.2

June

-0.1 0.6 -0.2 3.1 -0.2 2.0 0.1 1.5 0.1 2.3 0.0 1.1

July

0.1 0.8 -0.1 2.9 -0.3 1.8 0.0 1.9 0.1 2.3    

August

0.1 0.7 0.2 3.0 0.5 2.1 0.1 1.5 -0.1 2.1    

September

-0.1 0.5 0.4 3.5 0.5 2.2 0.2 1.3 0.1 2.0    

October

0.1 0.6 0.0 3.4 0.4 2.5 -0.1 0.9 -0.1 2.0    

November

0.0 0.9 -0.2 3.2 -0.7 1.9 -0.4 1.3 -0.6 1.7    

December

0.2 1.3 -0.3 2.7 -0.5 1.7 0.0 1.8 -0.5 1.3    

The July 2015 Consumer Price Index for the West Region is scheduled to be released on August 19, 2015.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 4,000 housing units and approximately 26,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The West Region covered in this release is comprised of the following thirteen states: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

West (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Apr.
2015
May
2015
Jun.
2015
Jun.
2014
Apr.
2015
May
2015

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

242.302 244.227 244.332 1.1 0.8 0.0

All items (December 1977=100)

391.668 394.779 394.950      

Food and beverages

248.465 248.352 248.831 2.1 0.1 0.2

Food

248.641 248.429 249.018 2.2 0.2 0.2

Food at home

247.676 247.018 247.781 1.7 0.0 0.3

Food away from home

248.779 249.196 249.537 2.9 0.3 0.1

Alcoholic beverages

242.818 243.962 243.043 1.5 0.1 -0.4

Housing

252.715 253.790 254.543 3.4 0.7 0.3

Shelter

285.244 286.077 286.858 4.1 0.6 0.3

Rent of primary residence (1)

298.514 299.516 300.077 4.3 0.5 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

298.891 299.898 300.971 4.1 0.7 0.4

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

298.884 299.887 300.959 4.1 0.7 0.4

Fuels and utilities

275.144 281.185 283.095 1.6 2.9 0.7

Household energy

239.889 247.553 249.570 -0.4 4.0 0.8

Energy services (1)

242.277 250.363 252.200 -0.2 4.1 0.7

Electricity (1)

264.929 275.611 276.156 -0.6 4.2 0.2

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

203.588 205.983 211.028 1.2 3.7 2.4

Household furnishings and operations

130.059 129.596 129.694 0.6 -0.3 0.1

Apparel

121.179 120.486 117.569 -3.6 -3.0 -2.4

Transportation

203.645 212.655 212.102 -5.0 4.2 -0.3

Private transportation

197.192 205.723 204.699 -5.3 3.8 -0.5

New and used motor vehicles (3)

102.118 102.208 102.482 1.0 0.4 0.3

New vehicles

147.433 147.661 147.987 2.0 0.4 0.2

New cars and trucks (3) (4)

102.436 102.610 102.854 1.9 0.4 0.2

New cars (4)

146.593 147.015 147.414 1.2 0.6 0.3

Used cars and trucks

144.846 145.806 146.081 -1.2 0.9 0.2

Motor fuel

233.860 268.693 263.316 -17.8 12.6 -2.0

Gasoline (all types)

232.967 268.144 262.634 -17.7 12.7 -2.1

Gasoline, unleaded regular (4)

230.937 266.188 260.676 -18.1 12.9 -2.1

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (4) (5)

222.347 254.903 249.069 -16.7 12.0 -2.3

Gasoline, unleaded premium (4)

226.015 258.601 253.719 -16.2 12.3 -1.9

Medical Care

456.010 455.768 453.453 2.8 -0.6 -0.5

Medical care commodities

345.117 344.021 343.741 3.6 -0.4 -0.1

Medical care services

491.296 491.402 488.314 2.6 -0.6 -0.6

Professional services

336.675 336.863 339.843 2.6 0.9 0.9

Recreation (3)

109.966 110.491 111.025 0.6 1.0 0.5

Education and communication (3)

138.366 137.667 137.813 -0.5 -0.4 0.1

Other goods and services

402.053 401.752 402.541 1.6 0.1 0.2
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

242.302 244.227 244.332 1.1 0.8 0.0

Commodities

180.769 183.355 182.581 -1.9 1.0 -0.4

Commodities less food & beverages

146.598 150.207 148.943 -4.5 1.6 -0.8

Nondurables less food & beverages

185.309 192.865 190.276 -7.1 2.7 -1.3

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

230.603 243.739 241.327 -8.1 4.7 -1.0

Durables

110.805 110.832 110.771 -0.3 0.0 -0.1

Services

298.908 300.174 301.127 3.0 0.7 0.3

Rent of shelter (2)

303.474 304.362 305.205 4.1 0.6 0.3

Transportation services

282.205 285.891 287.959 1.4 2.0 0.7

Other services

334.619 334.293 336.128 1.0 0.5 0.5
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

232.528 234.530 234.732 1.0 0.9 0.1

All items less food

241.495 243.761 243.790 1.0 1.0 0.0

All items less shelter

226.183 228.591 228.409 -0.4 1.0 -0.1

Commodities less food

150.304 153.862 152.600 -4.3 1.5 -0.8

Nondurables

217.139 221.181 220.002 -2.4 1.3 -0.5

Nondurables less food

189.702 196.912 194.409 -6.5 2.5 -1.3

Nondurables less food and apparel

231.423 243.387 241.122 -7.3 4.2 -0.9

Services less rent of shelter (2)

326.987 328.894 330.100 1.7 1.0 0.4

Services less medical care services

285.601 286.924 288.102 3.0 0.9 0.4

Energy

238.975 261.834 259.758 -11.0 8.7 -0.8

All items less energy

244.516 244.871 245.143 2.2 0.3 0.1

All items less food and energy

244.563 245.018 245.235 2.3 0.3 0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

141.427 141.292 140.485 -0.6 -0.7 -0.6

Energy commodities

237.637 272.201 267.044 -17.6 12.4 -1.9

Services less energy services

303.268 304.102 305.001 3.2 0.6 0.3

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. West includes Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

Last Modified Date: Friday, July 17, 2015

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News Release Information

15-1416-SAN Friday, July 17, 2015

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, West Region — June 2015

Area prices were unchanged over the past month, up 1.1 percent from a year ago

Prices in the West Region, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), were unchanged in June, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) During this period, lower gasoline and apparel prices helped counter higher shelter prices. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U advanced 1.1 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Energy prices fell 11.0 percent, largely the result of a decrease in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy rose 2.3 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

 Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, West Region, June 2012-June 2015

Food

Food prices crept up 0.2 percent for the month of June. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home rose 0.3 percent, while prices for food away from home were virtually unchanged (0.1 percent) for the same period.

Over the year, food prices increased 2.2 percent. Prices for food away from home increased 2.9 percent and prices for food at home rose 1.7 percent since a year ago.

Energy

The energy index decreased 0.8 percent over the month. The decrease was mainly due to lower prices for gasoline (-2.1 percent). Prices for electricity crept up 0.2 percent, and prices for natural gas service advanced 2.4 percent for the same period.

Energy prices fell 11.0 percent over the year, largely due to lower prices for gasoline (-17.7 percent). Prices paid for electricity declined 0.6 percent, but prices for natural gas service increased 1.2 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy edged up 0.1 percent in June. Higher prices for recreation (0.5 percent) and shelter (0.3 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for apparel (-2.4 percent) and medical care (-0.5 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy rose 2.3 percent. Shelter prices rose 4.1 percent and contributed to nearly the entire increase. Partly offsetting the increase were price declines in apparel (-3.6 percent) and education and communication (-0.5 percent).

Table A. West Region CPI-U monthly and annual percent changes (not seasonally adjusted)
Month 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Monthly Annual

January

0.3 1.9 0.5 1.4 0.4 2.6 0.3 1.7 0.3 1.7 -0.3 0.7

February

0.1 1.4 0.6 1.9 0.4 2.5 0.8 2.0 0.4 1.3 0.6 0.9

March

0.3 1.6 0.9 2.6 0.9 2.4 0.4 1.5 0.6 1.5 0.8 1.1

April

0.2 1.5 0.6 3.0 0.2 2.1 0.0 1.3 0.3 1.8 0.3 1.0

May

0.1 1.3 0.3 3.2 0.2 2.0 0.2 1.3 0.6 2.3 0.8 1.2

June

-0.1 0.6 -0.2 3.1 -0.2 2.0 0.1 1.5 0.1 2.3 0.0 1.1

July

0.1 0.8 -0.1 2.9 -0.3 1.8 0.0 1.9 0.1 2.3    

August

0.1 0.7 0.2 3.0 0.5 2.1 0.1 1.5 -0.1 2.1    

September

-0.1 0.5 0.4 3.5 0.5 2.2 0.2 1.3 0.1 2.0    

October

0.1 0.6 0.0 3.4 0.4 2.5 -0.1 0.9 -0.1 2.0    

November

0.0 0.9 -0.2 3.2 -0.7 1.9 -0.4 1.3 -0.6 1.7    

December

0.2 1.3 -0.3 2.7 -0.5 1.7 0.0 1.8 -0.5 1.3    

The July 2015 Consumer Price Index for the West Region is scheduled to be released on August 19, 2015.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 4,000 housing units and approximately 26,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The West Region covered in this release is comprised of the following thirteen states: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

West (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Apr.
2015
May
2015
Jun.
2015
Jun.
2014
Apr.
2015
May
2015

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

242.302 244.227 244.332 1.1 0.8 0.0

All items (December 1977=100)

391.668 394.779 394.950      

Food and beverages

248.465 248.352 248.831 2.1 0.1 0.2

Food

248.641 248.429 249.018 2.2 0.2 0.2

Food at home

247.676 247.018 247.781 1.7 0.0 0.3

Food away from home

248.779 249.196 249.537 2.9 0.3 0.1

Alcoholic beverages

242.818 243.962 243.043 1.5 0.1 -0.4

Housing

252.715 253.790 254.543 3.4 0.7 0.3

Shelter

285.244 286.077 286.858 4.1 0.6 0.3

Rent of primary residence (1)

298.514 299.516 300.077 4.3 0.5 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

298.891 299.898 300.971 4.1 0.7 0.4

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

298.884 299.887 300.959 4.1 0.7 0.4

Fuels and utilities

275.144 281.185 283.095 1.6 2.9 0.7

Household energy

239.889 247.553 249.570 -0.4 4.0 0.8

Energy services (1)

242.277 250.363 252.200 -0.2 4.1 0.7

Electricity (1)

264.929 275.611 276.156 -0.6 4.2 0.2

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

203.588 205.983 211.028 1.2 3.7 2.4

Household furnishings and operations

130.059 129.596 129.694 0.6 -0.3 0.1

Apparel

121.179 120.486 117.569 -3.6 -3.0 -2.4

Transportation

203.645 212.655 212.102 -5.0 4.2 -0.3

Private transportation

197.192 205.723 204.699 -5.3 3.8 -0.5

New and used motor vehicles (3)

102.118 102.208 102.482 1.0 0.4 0.3

New vehicles

147.433 147.661 147.987 2.0 0.4 0.2

New cars and trucks (3) (4)

102.436 102.610 102.854 1.9 0.4 0.2

New cars (4)

146.593 147.015 147.414 1.2 0.6 0.3

Used cars and trucks

144.846 145.806 146.081 -1.2 0.9 0.2

Motor fuel

233.860 268.693 263.316 -17.8 12.6 -2.0

Gasoline (all types)

232.967 268.144 262.634 -17.7 12.7 -2.1

Gasoline, unleaded regular (4)

230.937 266.188 260.676 -18.1 12.9 -2.1

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (4) (5)

222.347 254.903 249.069 -16.7 12.0 -2.3

Gasoline, unleaded premium (4)

226.015 258.601 253.719 -16.2 12.3 -1.9

Medical Care

456.010 455.768 453.453 2.8 -0.6 -0.5

Medical care commodities

345.117 344.021 343.741 3.6 -0.4 -0.1

Medical care services

491.296 491.402 488.314 2.6 -0.6 -0.6

Professional services

336.675 336.863 339.843 2.6 0.9 0.9

Recreation (3)

109.966 110.491 111.025 0.6 1.0 0.5

Education and communication (3)

138.366 137.667 137.813 -0.5 -0.4 0.1

Other goods and services

402.053 401.752 402.541 1.6 0.1 0.2
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

242.302 244.227 244.332 1.1 0.8 0.0

Commodities

180.769 183.355 182.581 -1.9 1.0 -0.4

Commodities less food & beverages

146.598 150.207 148.943 -4.5 1.6 -0.8

Nondurables less food & beverages

185.309 192.865 190.276 -7.1 2.7 -1.3

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

230.603 243.739 241.327 -8.1 4.7 -1.0

Durables

110.805 110.832 110.771 -0.3 0.0 -0.1

Services

298.908 300.174 301.127 3.0 0.7 0.3

Rent of shelter (2)

303.474 304.362 305.205 4.1 0.6 0.3

Transportation services

282.205 285.891 287.959 1.4 2.0 0.7

Other services

334.619 334.293 336.128 1.0 0.5 0.5
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

232.528 234.530 234.732 1.0 0.9 0.1

All items less food

241.495 243.761 243.790 1.0 1.0 0.0

All items less shelter

226.183 228.591 228.409 -0.4 1.0 -0.1

Commodities less food

150.304 153.862 152.600 -4.3 1.5 -0.8

Nondurables

217.139 221.181 220.002 -2.4 1.3 -0.5

Nondurables less food

189.702 196.912 194.409 -6.5 2.5 -1.3

Nondurables less food and apparel

231.423 243.387 241.122 -7.3 4.2 -0.9

Services less rent of shelter (2)

326.987 328.894 330.100 1.7 1.0 0.4

Services less medical care services

285.601 286.924 288.102 3.0 0.9 0.4

Energy

238.975 261.834 259.758 -11.0 8.7 -0.8

All items less energy

244.516 244.871 245.143 2.2 0.3 0.1

All items less food and energy

244.563 245.018 245.235 2.3 0.3 0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

141.427 141.292 140.485 -0.6 -0.7 -0.6

Energy commodities

237.637 272.201 267.044 -17.6 12.4 -1.9

Services less energy services

303.268 304.102 305.001 3.2 0.6 0.3

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. West includes Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

Last Modified Date: Friday, July 17, 2015