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News Release Information

15-1614-SAN Wednesday, August 19, 2015

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, West Region — July 2015

Area prices were up 0.3 percent over the past month, up 1.3 percent from a year ago

Prices in the West Region, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), increased 0.3 percent in July, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) The July increase was influenced by higher prices for shelter and gasoline. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 1.3 percent. (See chart 1.) Energy prices decreased 9.3 percent, largely the result of a decrease in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy rose 2.4 percent since July 2014.

 Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, West Region, July 2012-July 2015

Food

Food prices inched up 0.1 percent for the month of July. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home advanced 0.5 percent, but prices for food away from home declined 0.5 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices rose 1.7 percent. Prices for food away from home rose 2.1 percent, and prices for food at home advanced 1.5 percent since a year ago.

Energy

The energy index rose 2.1 percent over the month. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (4.3 percent). Prices for electricity increased 0.3 percent, but prices for natural gas service decreased 2.4 percent in July.

Energy prices decreased 9.3 percent over the year, largely due to lower prices for gasoline (-14.2 percent). Prices for natural gas service decreased 4.7 percent, while prices paid for electricity edged up 0.2 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy edged up 0.2 percent in July. Higher prices for shelter (0.5 percent) and medical care (0.4 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for apparel (-1.2 percent), new cars (-0.4 percent), and education and communication (-0.2 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy rose 2.4 percent. Components contributing to the increase included shelter (4.2 percent) and medical care (3.2 percent). Partly offsetting the increases were price declines in apparel (-2.0 percent) and education and communication (-0.6 percent).

Table A. West Region CPI-U monthly and annual percent changes (not seasonally adjusted)
Month 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Monthly Annual

January

0.3 1.9 0.5 1.4 0.4 2.6 0.3 1.7 0.3 1.7 -0.3 0.7

February

0.1 1.4 0.6 1.9 0.4 2.5 0.8 2.0 0.4 1.3 0.6 0.9

March

0.3 1.6 0.9 2.6 0.9 2.4 0.4 1.5 0.6 1.5 0.8 1.1

April

0.2 1.5 0.6 3.0 0.2 2.1 0.0 1.3 0.3 1.8 0.3 1.0

May

0.1 1.3 0.3 3.2 0.2 2.0 0.2 1.3 0.6 2.3 0.8 1.2

June

-0.1 0.6 -0.2 3.1 -0.2 2.0 0.1 1.5 0.1 2.3 0.0 1.1

July

0.1 0.8 -0.1 2.9 -0.3 1.8 0.0 1.9 0.1 2.3 0.3 1.3

August

0.1 0.7 0.2 3.0 0.5 2.1 0.1 1.5 -0.1 2.1    

September

-0.1 0.5 0.4 3.5 0.5 2.2 0.2 1.3 0.1 2.0    

October

0.1 0.6 0.0 3.4 0.4 2.5 -0.1 0.9 -0.1 2.0    

November

0.0 0.9 -0.2 3.2 -0.7 1.9 -0.4 1.3 -0.6 1.7    

December

0.2 1.3 -0.3 2.7 -0.5 1.7 0.0 1.8 -0.5 1.3    

The August 2015 Consumer Price Index for the West Region is scheduled to be released on September 16, 2015.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The West Region covered in this release is comprised of the following thirteen states: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

West (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
May
2015
Jun.
2015
Jul.
2015
Jul.
2014
May
2015
Jun.
2015

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

244.227 244.332 245.040 1.3 0.3 0.3

All items (December 1977=100)

394.779 394.950 396.093      

Food and beverages

248.352 248.831 249.041 1.7 0.3 0.1

Food

248.429 249.018 249.229 1.7 0.3 0.1

Food at home

247.018 247.781 249.077 1.5 0.8 0.5

Food away from home

249.196 249.537 248.217 2.1 -0.4 -0.5

Alcoholic beverages

243.962 243.043 243.237 1.7 -0.3 0.1

Housing

253.790 254.543 255.592 3.5 0.7 0.4

Shelter

286.077 286.858 288.418 4.2 0.8 0.5

Rent of primary residence (1)

299.516 300.077 301.282 4.2 0.6 0.4

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

299.898 300.971 302.165 4.2 0.8 0.4

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

299.887 300.959 302.150 4.2 0.8 0.4

Fuels and utilities

281.185 283.095 282.591 0.5 0.5 -0.2

Household energy

247.553 249.570 248.442 -1.4 0.4 -0.5

Energy services (1)

250.363 252.200 251.242 -1.0 0.4 -0.4

Electricity (1)

275.611 276.156 276.848 0.2 0.4 0.3

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

205.983 211.028 206.061 -4.7 0.0 -2.4

Household furnishings and operations

129.596 129.694 129.673 0.9 0.1 0.0

Apparel

120.486 117.569 116.120 -2.0 -3.6 -1.2

Transportation

212.655 212.102 213.790 -3.9 0.5 0.8

Private transportation

205.723 204.699 207.669 -4.0 0.9 1.5

New and used motor vehicles (3)

102.208 102.482 102.678 0.9 0.5 0.2

New vehicles

147.661 147.987 147.620 1.7 0.0 -0.2

New cars and trucks (3) (4)

102.610 102.854 102.586 1.6 0.0 -0.3

New cars (4)

147.015 147.414 146.810 0.6 -0.1 -0.4

Used cars and trucks

145.806 146.081 146.251 -1.7 0.3 0.1

Motor fuel

268.693 263.316 274.229 -14.4 2.1 4.1

Gasoline (all types)

268.144 262.634 273.797 -14.2 2.1 4.3

Gasoline, unleaded regular (4)

266.188 260.676 271.793 -14.7 2.1 4.3

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (4) (5)

254.903 249.069 259.585 -13.2 1.8 4.2

Gasoline, unleaded premium (4)

258.601 253.719 264.212 -12.5 2.2 4.1

Medical Care

455.768 453.453 455.089 3.2 -0.1 0.4

Medical care commodities

344.021 343.741 345.506 4.2 0.4 0.5

Medical care services

491.402 488.314 489.865 2.9 -0.3 0.3

Professional services

336.863 339.843 341.435 3.3 1.4 0.5

Recreation (3)

110.491 111.025 111.030 0.6 0.5 0.0

Education and communication (3)

137.667 137.813 137.604 -0.6 0.0 -0.2

Other goods and services

401.752 402.541 402.499 1.1 0.2 0.0
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

244.227 244.332 245.040 1.3 0.3 0.3

Commodities

183.355 182.581 183.246 -1.5 -0.1 0.4

Commodities less food & beverages

150.207 148.943 149.773 -3.5 -0.3 0.6

Nondurables less food & beverages

192.865 190.276 192.300 -5.4 -0.3 1.1

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

243.739 241.327 245.683 -6.4 0.8 1.8

Durables

110.832 110.771 110.518 -0.5 -0.3 -0.2

Services

300.174 301.127 301.866 3.0 0.6 0.2

Rent of shelter (2)

304.362 305.205 306.829 4.2 0.8 0.5

Transportation services

285.891 287.959 285.501 1.8 -0.1 -0.9

Other services

334.293 336.128 336.067 0.8 0.5 0.0
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

234.530 234.732 235.399 1.2 0.4 0.3

All items less food

243.761 243.790 244.577 1.3 0.3 0.3

All items less shelter

228.591 228.409 228.759 -0.2 0.1 0.2

Commodities less food

153.862 152.600 153.416 -3.3 -0.3 0.5

Nondurables

221.181 220.002 221.198 -1.8 0.0 0.5

Nondurables less food

196.912 194.409 196.334 -4.9 -0.3 1.0

Nondurables less food and apparel

243.387 241.122 245.071 -5.7 0.7 1.6

Services less rent of shelter (2)

328.894 330.100 329.763 1.6 0.3 -0.1

Services less medical care services

286.924 288.102 288.789 3.0 0.6 0.2

Energy

261.834 259.758 265.318 -9.3 1.3 2.1

All items less energy

244.871 245.143 245.488 2.3 0.3 0.1

All items less food and energy

245.018 245.235 245.605 2.4 0.2 0.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

141.292 140.485 140.120 -0.2 -0.8 -0.3

Energy commodities

272.201 267.044 277.746 -14.4 2.0 4.0

Services less energy services

304.102 305.001 305.850 3.2 0.6 0.3

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. West includes Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, August 19, 2015

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News Release Information

15-1614-SAN Wednesday, August 19, 2015

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, West Region — July 2015

Area prices were up 0.3 percent over the past month, up 1.3 percent from a year ago

Prices in the West Region, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), increased 0.3 percent in July, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) The July increase was influenced by higher prices for shelter and gasoline. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 1.3 percent. (See chart 1.) Energy prices decreased 9.3 percent, largely the result of a decrease in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy rose 2.4 percent since July 2014.

 Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, West Region, July 2012-July 2015

Food

Food prices inched up 0.1 percent for the month of July. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home advanced 0.5 percent, but prices for food away from home declined 0.5 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices rose 1.7 percent. Prices for food away from home rose 2.1 percent, and prices for food at home advanced 1.5 percent since a year ago.

Energy

The energy index rose 2.1 percent over the month. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (4.3 percent). Prices for electricity increased 0.3 percent, but prices for natural gas service decreased 2.4 percent in July.

Energy prices decreased 9.3 percent over the year, largely due to lower prices for gasoline (-14.2 percent). Prices for natural gas service decreased 4.7 percent, while prices paid for electricity edged up 0.2 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy edged up 0.2 percent in July. Higher prices for shelter (0.5 percent) and medical care (0.4 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for apparel (-1.2 percent), new cars (-0.4 percent), and education and communication (-0.2 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy rose 2.4 percent. Components contributing to the increase included shelter (4.2 percent) and medical care (3.2 percent). Partly offsetting the increases were price declines in apparel (-2.0 percent) and education and communication (-0.6 percent).

Table A. West Region CPI-U monthly and annual percent changes (not seasonally adjusted)
Month 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Monthly Annual

January

0.3 1.9 0.5 1.4 0.4 2.6 0.3 1.7 0.3 1.7 -0.3 0.7

February

0.1 1.4 0.6 1.9 0.4 2.5 0.8 2.0 0.4 1.3 0.6 0.9

March

0.3 1.6 0.9 2.6 0.9 2.4 0.4 1.5 0.6 1.5 0.8 1.1

April

0.2 1.5 0.6 3.0 0.2 2.1 0.0 1.3 0.3 1.8 0.3 1.0

May

0.1 1.3 0.3 3.2 0.2 2.0 0.2 1.3 0.6 2.3 0.8 1.2

June

-0.1 0.6 -0.2 3.1 -0.2 2.0 0.1 1.5 0.1 2.3 0.0 1.1

July

0.1 0.8 -0.1 2.9 -0.3 1.8 0.0 1.9 0.1 2.3 0.3 1.3

August

0.1 0.7 0.2 3.0 0.5 2.1 0.1 1.5 -0.1 2.1    

September

-0.1 0.5 0.4 3.5 0.5 2.2 0.2 1.3 0.1 2.0    

October

0.1 0.6 0.0 3.4 0.4 2.5 -0.1 0.9 -0.1 2.0    

November

0.0 0.9 -0.2 3.2 -0.7 1.9 -0.4 1.3 -0.6 1.7    

December

0.2 1.3 -0.3 2.7 -0.5 1.7 0.0 1.8 -0.5 1.3    

The August 2015 Consumer Price Index for the West Region is scheduled to be released on September 16, 2015.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The West Region covered in this release is comprised of the following thirteen states: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

West (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
May
2015
Jun.
2015
Jul.
2015
Jul.
2014
May
2015
Jun.
2015

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

244.227 244.332 245.040 1.3 0.3 0.3

All items (December 1977=100)

394.779 394.950 396.093      

Food and beverages

248.352 248.831 249.041 1.7 0.3 0.1

Food

248.429 249.018 249.229 1.7 0.3 0.1

Food at home

247.018 247.781 249.077 1.5 0.8 0.5

Food away from home

249.196 249.537 248.217 2.1 -0.4 -0.5

Alcoholic beverages

243.962 243.043 243.237 1.7 -0.3 0.1

Housing

253.790 254.543 255.592 3.5 0.7 0.4

Shelter

286.077 286.858 288.418 4.2 0.8 0.5

Rent of primary residence (1)

299.516 300.077 301.282 4.2 0.6 0.4

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

299.898 300.971 302.165 4.2 0.8 0.4

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

299.887 300.959 302.150 4.2 0.8 0.4

Fuels and utilities

281.185 283.095 282.591 0.5 0.5 -0.2

Household energy

247.553 249.570 248.442 -1.4 0.4 -0.5

Energy services (1)

250.363 252.200 251.242 -1.0 0.4 -0.4

Electricity (1)

275.611 276.156 276.848 0.2 0.4 0.3

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

205.983 211.028 206.061 -4.7 0.0 -2.4

Household furnishings and operations

129.596 129.694 129.673 0.9 0.1 0.0

Apparel

120.486 117.569 116.120 -2.0 -3.6 -1.2

Transportation

212.655 212.102 213.790 -3.9 0.5 0.8

Private transportation

205.723 204.699 207.669 -4.0 0.9 1.5

New and used motor vehicles (3)

102.208 102.482 102.678 0.9 0.5 0.2

New vehicles

147.661 147.987 147.620 1.7 0.0 -0.2

New cars and trucks (3) (4)

102.610 102.854 102.586 1.6 0.0 -0.3

New cars (4)

147.015 147.414 146.810 0.6 -0.1 -0.4

Used cars and trucks

145.806 146.081 146.251 -1.7 0.3 0.1

Motor fuel

268.693 263.316 274.229 -14.4 2.1 4.1

Gasoline (all types)

268.144 262.634 273.797 -14.2 2.1 4.3

Gasoline, unleaded regular (4)

266.188 260.676 271.793 -14.7 2.1 4.3

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (4) (5)

254.903 249.069 259.585 -13.2 1.8 4.2

Gasoline, unleaded premium (4)

258.601 253.719 264.212 -12.5 2.2 4.1

Medical Care

455.768 453.453 455.089 3.2 -0.1 0.4

Medical care commodities

344.021 343.741 345.506 4.2 0.4 0.5

Medical care services

491.402 488.314 489.865 2.9 -0.3 0.3

Professional services

336.863 339.843 341.435 3.3 1.4 0.5

Recreation (3)

110.491 111.025 111.030 0.6 0.5 0.0

Education and communication (3)

137.667 137.813 137.604 -0.6 0.0 -0.2

Other goods and services

401.752 402.541 402.499 1.1 0.2 0.0
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

244.227 244.332 245.040 1.3 0.3 0.3

Commodities

183.355 182.581 183.246 -1.5 -0.1 0.4

Commodities less food & beverages

150.207 148.943 149.773 -3.5 -0.3 0.6

Nondurables less food & beverages

192.865 190.276 192.300 -5.4 -0.3 1.1

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

243.739 241.327 245.683 -6.4 0.8 1.8

Durables

110.832 110.771 110.518 -0.5 -0.3 -0.2

Services

300.174 301.127 301.866 3.0 0.6 0.2

Rent of shelter (2)

304.362 305.205 306.829 4.2 0.8 0.5

Transportation services

285.891 287.959 285.501 1.8 -0.1 -0.9

Other services

334.293 336.128 336.067 0.8 0.5 0.0
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

234.530 234.732 235.399 1.2 0.4 0.3

All items less food

243.761 243.790 244.577 1.3 0.3 0.3

All items less shelter

228.591 228.409 228.759 -0.2 0.1 0.2

Commodities less food

153.862 152.600 153.416 -3.3 -0.3 0.5

Nondurables

221.181 220.002 221.198 -1.8 0.0 0.5

Nondurables less food

196.912 194.409 196.334 -4.9 -0.3 1.0

Nondurables less food and apparel

243.387 241.122 245.071 -5.7 0.7 1.6

Services less rent of shelter (2)

328.894 330.100 329.763 1.6 0.3 -0.1

Services less medical care services

286.924 288.102 288.789 3.0 0.6 0.2

Energy

261.834 259.758 265.318 -9.3 1.3 2.1

All items less energy

244.871 245.143 245.488 2.3 0.3 0.1

All items less food and energy

245.018 245.235 245.605 2.4 0.2 0.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

141.292 140.485 140.120 -0.2 -0.8 -0.3

Energy commodities

272.201 267.044 277.746 -14.4 2.0 4.0

Services less energy services

304.102 305.001 305.850 3.2 0.6 0.3

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. West includes Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, August 19, 2015