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Wednesday, February 13, 2013

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UNEMPLOYMENT IN THE SAN JOAQUIN VALLEY BY COUNTY - DECEMBER 2012

ALL COUNTIES POSTED LOWER UNEMPLOYMENT RATES THAN THE PREVIOUS TWO YEARS

In December, Kern County reported the lowest unemployment rate in the San Joaquin Valley, 13.5 percent, followed by Madera County, at 13.9 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Richard J. Holden, the Bureau’s regional commissioner, noted that Merced County registered the highest jobless rate in the area, 17.2 percent. All eight counties in the San Joaquin Valley posted unemployment rates that were above the U.S. rate of 7.6 percent. (See chart 1. The Technical Note at the end of this release contains the San Joaquin Valley definition. All data in this release are not seasonally adjusted; accordingly, over-the-year analysis is used throughout.)

Chart 1. Unemployment rates for the United States and counties in the San Joaquin Valley, December 2012, not seasonally adjusted

All eight counties in the San Joaquin Valley had unemployment rates that were lower in December 2012 than a year earlier. (See table A.) The declines in unemployment rates ranged from 1.6 percentage points in San Joaquin County to 0.8 percentage points in Kern and Tulare Counties. Each county reported an unemployment rate decline that was larger than the national decrease of 0.7 percentage points.

OOH Earnings Table Extraction Wizard - output frame
Table A. Unemployment rates for the United States, California, and counties in the San Joaquin Valley, not seasonally adjusted
Area Unemployment rate Net change from
Dec 2010 Dec 2011 Dec 2012 Dec 2010 to Dec 2012(1) Dec 2011 to Dec 2012(1)

United States

9.1
8.3
7.6
-1.5
-0.7

California

12.1
10.9
9.7
-2.4
-1.2

Fresno County

17.5
16.2
14.9
-2.6
-1.3

Kern County

16.1
14.3
13.5
-2.6
-0.8

Kings County

17.3
15.4
14.4
-2.9
-1.0

Madera County

16.1
14.9
13.9
-2.2
-1.0

Merced County

19.5
18.1
17.2
-2.3
-0.9

San Joaquin County

18.1
16.1
14.5
-3.6
-1.6

Stanislaus County

17.5
16.2
15.0
-2.5
-1.2

Tulare County

17.9
16.5
15.7
-2.2
-0.8

Footnotes:
(1) Data for California, the San Joaquin Valley, and its components are preliminary for the most recent month.

Unemployment rates fell in all San Joaquin area counties from December 2010 to December 2012. The largest decreases occurred in San Joaquin County, down 3.6 percentage points, followed by Kings County, down 2.9 points. All counties had decreases at least 0.7 percentage points larger than the nationwide decrease of 1.5 points. Merced County had the area’s highest jobless rate in December for each of the past three years.

Technical Note

This release presents unemployment rate data for states and counties from the Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program, a federal-state cooperative endeavor.

Definitions. The labor force and unemployment data are based on the same concepts and definitions as those used for the official national estimates obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample survey of households that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census Bureau. The LAUS program measures employment and unemployment on a place-of-residence basis. The universe for each is the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of age and over. Employed persons are those who did any work at all for pay or profit in the reference week (the week including the 12th of the month) or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or farm, plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily absent, whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management dispute, illness, or vacation. Unemployed persons are those who were not employed during the reference week (based on the definition above), had actively looked for a job sometime in the 4-week period ending with the reference week, and were currently available for work; persons on layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons. The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the labor force.

Method of estimation. Estimates for the substate areas in this release are prepared through indirect estimation procedures using a building-block approach. Employment estimates, which are based largely on "place of work" estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program, are adjusted to refer to place of residence as used in the CPS. Unemployment estimates are aggregates of persons previously employed in industries covered by state unemployment insurance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor force data from the CPS. The substate estimates of employment and unemployment, which geographically exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to ensure that they add to the independently estimated state or balance-of-state totals. A detailed description of the estimation procedures is available from BLS upon request.

Annual revisions. Labor force and unemployment data for prior years reflect adjustments made at the end of each year. The adjusted estimates reflect updated population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revisions in the other data sources, and model reestimation. In most years, historical data for the most recent five years (both seasonally adjusted and not seasonally adjusted) are revised near the beginning of each calendar year, prior to or coincident with the release of January estimates.

Area definition. The San Joaquin Valley includes Fresno, Kern, Kings, Madera, Merced, San Joaquin, Stanislaus, and Tulare Counties.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.

Last Modified Date: February 13, 2013

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