OCCUPATIONAL EMPLOYMENT AND WAGES IN RENO-SPARKS
Workers in the Reno-Sparks Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $20.69 in May 2012, about 6 percent below the nationwide average of $22.01, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Regional Commissioner Richard J. Holden noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were significantly higher than their respective national averages in 7 of the 22 major occupational groups, including healthcare practitioners and technical, community and social service, and construction and extraction. Seven groups had significantly lower wages than their respective national averages, including computer and mathematical; management; and life, physical, and social science.
When compared to the nationwide distribution, local employment was more highly concentrated in 7 of the 22 occupational groups, including food preparation and serving related, office and administrative support, and personal care and service. Conversely, 11 groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including production; education, training, and library; and computer and mathematical. (See table A and box note at end of release.)
|Major occupational group||Percent of total employment||Mean hourly wage|
|United States||Reno||United States||Reno||Percent difference (1)|
Total, all occupations
Business and financial operations
Computer and mathematical
Architecture and engineering
Life, physical, and social science
Community and social services
Education, training, and library
Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media
Healthcare practitioner and technical
Food preparation and serving related
Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance
Personal care and service
Sales and related
Office and administrative support
Farming, fishing, and forestry
Construction and extraction
Installation, maintenance, and repair
Transportation and material moving
One occupational grouppersonal care and servicewas chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Reno-Sparks had 8,080 jobs in personal care and service, accounting for 4.3 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 2.9-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $11.82, compared to the national wage of $11.80.
With employment of 1,710, gaming dealers was the largest occupation within the personal care and service group, followed by personal care aides (1,340) and gaming supervisors (610). Among the higher paying jobs were gaming supervisors, and fitness trainers and aerobics instructors, with mean hourly wages of $21.05 and $20.02, respectively. At the lower end of the wage scale were gaming dealers ($8.32) and baggage porters and bellhops ($8.50). (Detailed occupational data for personal care and service are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to www.bls.gov/oes/2012/may/oes_39900.htm.)
Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Reno-Sparks Metropolitan Statistical Area, above average concentrations of employment were found in many of the occupations within the personal care and service group. For instance, gaming supervisors were employed at 17.2 times the national rate in Reno, and gaming and sports book writers and runners, at 14.2 times the U.S. average. On the other hand, personal care aides had a location quotient of 0.9 in Reno, indicating that this particular occupations local and national employment shares were similar.
These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Nevada Department of Employment.
With the release of the May 2012 estimates, OES data are based on the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system for the first time. The OES survey provides estimates of employment and hourly and annual wages for wage and salary workers in 22 major occupational groups and more than 800 detailed occupations for the nation, states, metropolitan statistical areas, metropolitan divisions, and nonmetropolitan areas. In addition, employment and wage estimates for 94 minor groups and 458 broad occupations are available in the national data for the first time. Information about the 2010 SOC is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/soc.
The May 2012 OES estimates are the first to be produced using the 2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Information about the 2012 NAICS is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm .
OES wage and employment data for the 22 major occupational groups in the Reno metropolitan statistical area were compared to their respective national averages based on statistical significance testing. Only those occupations with wages or employment shares above or below the national wage or share after testing for significance at the 90-percent confidence level meet the criteria.
NOTE: A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.
The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands are also surveyed, but their data are not included in the national estimates. OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Forms are mailed to approximately 200,000 sampled establishments in May and November each year for a 3-year period. May 2012 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected in May 2012, November 2011, May 2011, November 2010, May 2010, and November 2009. The overall national response rate for the six panels is 76.6 percent based on establishments and 72.9 percent based on employment. The sample in the Reno-Sparks Metropolitan Statistical Area included 2,246 establishments with a response rate of 65 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to www.bls.gov/news.release/ocwage.tn.htm.
The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.
The Reno-Sparks, Nev. Metropolitan Statistical Area  includes Storey and Washoe Counties.
OES data are available on our regional web page at www.bls.gov/ro9/home.htm. Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm. Detailed technical information about the OES survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/oes/2012/may/methods_statement.pdf. Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.
|Occupation (1)||Employment||Mean wages|
|Level (2)||Location quotient (3)||Hourly||Annual(4)|
Personal Care and Service Occupations
First-Line Supervisors of Personal Service Workers
Nonfarm Animal Caretakers
Gaming and Sports Book Writers and Runners
Gaming Service Workers, All Other
Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers
Amusement and Recreation Attendants
Locker Room, Coatroom, and Dressing Room Attendants
Entertainment Attendants and Related Workers, All Other
Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists
Manicurists and Pedicurists
Baggage Porters and Bellhops
Personal Care Aides
Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors
Personal Care and Service Workers, All Other
Last Modified Date: May 9, 2013