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Thursday, May 2, 2013

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OCCUPATIONAL EMPLOYMENT AND WAGES IN SAN DIEGO-CARLSBAD-SAN MARCOS
May 2012

Workers in the San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $24.41 in May 2012, about 11 percent above the nationwide average of $22.01, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Regional Commissioner Richard J. Holden noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were significantly higher than their respective national averages in 15 of the 22 major occupational groups, including healthcare practitioners and technical; life, physical, and social science; and management. Only one group had significantly lower wages than their respective national averages: transportation and material moving.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, local employment was more highly concentrated in 8 of the 22 occupational groups, including food preparation and serving related; architecture and engineering; and life, physical, and social science. Conversely, 10 groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including transportation and material moving, production, and healthcare practitioners and technical. (See table A and box note at end of release.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos Metropolitan Statistical Area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2012
Major occupational group Percent of total employment Mean hourly wage
United States San Diego United States San Diego Percent difference (1)

Total, all occupations

100.0% 100.0% $22.01 $24.41* 11

Management

4.9 5.8* 52.20 56.28* 8

Business and financial operations

4.9 5.9* 33.44 34.35* 3

Computer and mathematical

2.7 3.4* 38.55 40.98* 6

Architecture and engineering

1.8 3.0* 37.98 40.25* 6

Life, physical, and social science

0.8 1.9* 32.87 37.07* 13

Community and social services

1.4 1.3* 21.27 23.34* 10

Legal

0.8 0.9* 47.39 47.82 1

Education, training, and library

6.4 5.8* 24.62 26.59* 8

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.3 1.3 26.20 26.14 0

Healthcare practitioner and technical

5.9 5.1* 35.35 41.63* 18

Healthcare support

3.0 2.4* 13.36 15.33* 15

Protective service

2.5 2.3* 20.70 23.85 15

Food preparation and serving related

8.9 10.3* 10.28 10.36 1

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

3.3 3.4 12.34 12.98* 5

Personal care and service

2.9 2.7 11.80 12.57* 7

Sales and related

10.6 10.2* 18.26 19.05* 4

Office and administrative support

16.4 17.2* 16.54 17.83* 8

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3 0.2* 11.65 12.18 5

Construction and extraction

3.8 3.5* 21.61 25.35* 17

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.9 3.6 21.09 22.99* 9

Production

6.6 5.0* 16.59 17.04 3

Transportation and material moving

6.7 4.7* 16.15 15.40* -5

Footnotes:
(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in San Diego is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.
* The percent share of employment or mean hourly wage for this area is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.

One occupational group—life, physical, and social science—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos had 24,290 jobs in life, physical, and social science, accounting for 1.9 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 0.8-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $37.07, measurably above the national wage of $32.87.

With employment of 5,310, medical scientists, except epidemiologists, was the largest occupation within the life, physical, and social science group, followed by biological technicians (2,210) and chemists (1,890). Among the higher paying jobs were epidemiologists and economists, with mean hourly wages of $54.70 and $50.83, respectively. At the lower end of the wage scale were agricultural and food science technicians ($14.95) and forest and conservation technicians ($19.81). (Detailed occupational data for life, physical, and social science are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to www.bls.gov/oes/2012/may/oes_41740.htm.)

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos Metropolitan Statistical Area, above average concentrations of employment were found in many of the occupations within the life, physical, and social science group. For instance, biochemists and biophysicists were employed at 6.1 times the national rate in San Diego, and medical scientists, except epidemiologists, at 5.8 times the U.S. average. On the other hand, chemical technicians had a location quotient of 0.9 in San Diego, indicating that this particular occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the California Employment Development Department.

With the release of the May 2012 estimates, OES data are based on the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system for the first time. The OES survey provides estimates of employment and hourly and annual wages for wage and salary workers in 22 major occupational groups and more than 800 detailed occupations for the nation, states, metropolitan statistical areas, metropolitan divisions, and nonmetropolitan areas. In addition, employment and wage estimates for 94 minor groups and 458 broad occupations are available in the national data for the first time. Information about the 2010 SOC is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/soc.

The May 2012 OES estimates are the first to be produced using the 2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Information about the 2012 NAICS is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm .

OES wage and employment data for the 22 major occupational groups in the San Diego metropolitan statistical area were compared to their respective national averages based on statistical significance testing. Only those occupations with wages or employment shares above or below the national wage or share after testing for significance at the 90-percent confidence level meet the criteria.

NOTE: A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.

Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands are also surveyed, but their data are not included in the national estimates. OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Forms are mailed to approximately 200,000 sampled establishments in May and November each year for a 3-year period. May 2012 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected in May 2012, November 2011, May 2011, November 2010, May 2010, and November 2009. The overall national response rate for the six panels is 76.6 percent based on establishments and 72.9 percent based on employment. The sample in the San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos Metropolitan Statistical Area included 6,465 establishments with a response rate of 72 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to www.bls.gov/news.release/ocwage.tn.htm.

Area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, Calif. Metropolitan Statistical Area&nbsp includes San Diego County.

Additional information

OES data are available on our regional web page at www.bls.gov/ro9/home.htm. Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm. Detailed technical information about the OES survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/oes/2012/may/methods_statement.pdf. Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request – Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.

OOH Earnings Table Extraction Wizard - output frame
Table 1. Employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, by occupation, San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos Metropolitan Statistical Area, May 2012
Occupation (1) Employment Mean wages
Level (2) Location quotient (3) Hourly Annual(4)

Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations

24,2902.3$37.07$77,100

Food Scientists and Technologists

3402.628.9560,220

Soil and Plant Scientists

(5)(5)37.3477,670

Biochemists and Biophysicists

1,5606.149.87103,730

Microbiologists

6003.332.1866,930

Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists

4302.433.1468,930

Biological Scientists, All Other

1,3904.636.8776,690

Conservation Scientists

600.336.7676,460

Epidemiologists

(5)(5)54.70113,790

Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists

5,3105.842.2487,870

Life Scientists, All Other

1201.439.7482,650

Physicists

4502.644.8893,360

Atmospheric and Space Scientists

1901.944.2392,000

Chemists

1,8902.342.9789,380

Materials Scientists

1401.839.4682,080

Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health

1,6202.035.5773,980

Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers

6201.837.9178,860

Hydrologists

1802.745.5094,640

Physical Scientists, All Other

5002.148.21100,280

Economists

2201.450.83105,720

Survey Researchers

(5)(5)29.7661,900

Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists

1,3101.336.6576,240

Psychologists, All Other

1701.743.0989,620

Sociologists

(5)(5)46.6096,930

Urban and Regional Planners

6801.941.2485,770

Anthropologists and Archeologists

2203.725.3752,780

Historians

(5)(5)37.7878,570

Social Scientists and Related Workers, All Other

5902.035.8774,600

Agricultural and Food Science Technicians

(5)(5)14.9531,100

Biological Technicians

2,2103.122.0645,890

Chemical Technicians

5100.921.2044,090

Geological and Petroleum Technicians

1200.828.8760,050

Social Science Research Assistants

1500.620.1941,990

Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health

4601.521.9745,710

Forensic Science Technicians

700.6(5)(5)

Forest and Conservation Technicians

2800.919.8141,200

Life, Physical, and Social Science Technicians, All Other

9601.825.4752,970

Footnotes:
(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA, see www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_41740.htm.
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a ‘year-round, full-time’ hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Estimate not released.

Last Modified Date: May 2, 2013

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