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Tuesday, August 6, 2013

13-1592-SAN

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County Employment and Wages in Oregon – Fourth Quarter 2012


Employment rose in all five large counties in Oregon from December 2011 to December 2012, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (Large counties are defined as those with employment of 75,000 or more as measured by 2011 annual average employment.) Regional Commissioner Richard J. Holden noted that Clackamas and Multnomah Counties posted the largest employment increases, 2.2 and 2.0 percent, respectively, exceeding the national rate of 1.9 percent.

Nationally, employment increased in 287 of the 328 largest counties. Elkhart County, Ind., recorded the highest percentage increase in the country, up 7.4 percent over the year. Sangamon, Ill., registered the largest percentage employment decline, down 2.5 percent.

Among the large counties in Oregon, Multnomah County reported the largest employment (447,500), followed by Washington County (252,700). The other large counties had employment levels above 125,000. Together, the five large counties accounted for 67.1 percent of Oregon’s total employment. Nationwide, the 328 largest counties made up 71.3 percent of total U.S. employment, which stood at 133.7 million in December 2012.

From the fourth quarter of 2011 to the fourth quarter of 2012, Clackamas County recorded the largest rate of increase in average weekly wages among Oregon’s largest counties, registering a gain of 4.2 percent. Washington County recorded the highest average weekly wage among the five large Oregon counties at $1,101 per week. Nationally, the average weekly wage increased 4.7 percent over the year to $1,000 in the fourth quarter of 2012.

Employment and wage levels (but not over-the-year changes) are also available for the 31 counties with employment below 75,000 in Oregon. Wage levels in all these counties were below the national average. (See table 2.)

Large county wage changes

All five of Oregon’s large counties recorded wage gains from the fourth quarter of 2011 to the fourth quarter of 2012. Two of these counties ranked in the top half nationwide in wage growth—Clackamas (4.2 percent, 100th) and Marion (3.4 percent, 150th). The remaining three counties reported wage increases of 2.7 percent or less, with Washington posting the smallest increase at 1.4 percent. (See table 1.)

Nationally, 316 of the 328 largest counties registered over-the-year wage increases. San Mateo, Calif., had the largest wage gain, up 107.3 percent from the fourth quarter of 2011. Douglas, Colo., was second with a wage increase of 48.0 percent, followed by the counties of Virginia Beach City, Va. (13.3 percent), and Rockingham, N.H. (12.0 percent).

Among the large U.S. counties, 10 experienced over-the-year wage decreases. Lake, Ohio, had the largest wage decrease with a loss of 3.2 percent. Passaic, N.J., had the second largest decrease in average weekly wages, down 2.1 percent from the fourth quarter 2011, followed by Genesee, Mich.
(-1.7 percent), Atlantic, N.J. (-1.4 percent), and Benton, Wash. (-1.0 percent).

Large county average weekly wages

Average weekly wages in Washington County ($1,101, 56th) and Multnomah County ($988, 105th) placed in the top half of the national ranking among the 328 largest counties nationwide in the fourth quarter of 2012. Average weekly wages in the remaining three large counties placed in the bottom half of the national ranking.

Nationally, 97 large counties registered average weekly wages above the U.S. average of $1,000 in the fourth quarter of 2012. San Mateo, Calif., held the top position among the highest-paid large counties with an average weekly wage of $3,240. New York, N.Y., was second at $2,107, followed by Santa Clara, Calif. ($1,906).

Seventy percent of the largest U.S. counties (231) reported weekly wages below the national average. Horry County, S.C., reported the lowest wage ($576), followed by the Texas counties of Cameron ($609) and Hidalgo ($612). Wages in these lowest-ranked counties were less than twenty percent of the average weekly wage reported for the highest-ranked county, San Mateo.

Average weekly wages in Oregon’s smaller counties

All 31 smaller counties in Oregon, those with employment below 75,000, had average weekly wages lower than the national average of $1,000. Benton reported the highest weekly wage ($918) followed by Crook ($908). Wheeler County reported the lowest weekly wage in the state, averaging $443 in the fourth quarter of 2012. (See table 2.)

When all 36 counties in Oregon were considered, 35 had wages below the national average of $1,000. One county reported average weekly wages under $600, 22 reported wages from $600 to $699, 7 reported wages from $700 to $799, 2 reported wages from $800 to $899, and 4 reported wages above $900.

Additional statistics and other information

Quarterly data for states have been included in this release in table 3. For additional information about quarterly employment and wages data, please read the Technical Note or visit the QCEW Web site at http://www.bls.gov/cew/.

Employment and Wages Annual Averages Online features comprehensive information by detailed industry on establishments, employment, and wages for the nation and all states. The 2011 edition of this publication contains selected data produced by Business Employment Dynamics (BED) on job gains and losses, as well as selected data from the first quarter 2012 version of the news release. Tables and additional content from Employment and Wages Annual Averages 2011 are now available online at www.bls.gov/cew/cewbultn11.htm. The 2012 edition of Employment and Wages Annual Averages Online will be available later in 2013.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339

Hurricane Sandy

Hurricane Sandy made landfall in the United States on October 29, 2012, during the QCEW fourth quarter reference period. This event did not warrant changes to QCEW methodology.

Technical Note

Average weekly wage data by county are compiled under the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program, also known as the ES-202 program. The data are derived from summaries of employment and total pay of workers covered by state and federal unemployment insurance (UI) legislation and provided by State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). The 9.2 million employer reports covered 133.7 million full- and part-time workers. The average weekly wage values are calculated by dividing quarterly total wages by the average of the three monthly employment levels of those covered by UI programs. The result is then divided by 13, the number of weeks in a quarter. It is to be noted, therefore, that over-the-year wage changes for geographic areas may reflect shifts in the composition of employment by industry, occupation, and such other factors as hours of work. Thus, wages may vary among counties, metropolitan areas, or states for reasons other than changes in the average wage level. Data for all states, Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs), counties, and the nation are available on the BLS Web site at www.bls.gov/cew/; however, data in QCEW press releases have been revised and may not match the data contained on the BLS Web site.

QCEW data are not designed as a time series. QCEW data are simply the sums of individual establishment records reflecting the number of establishments that exist in a county or industry at a point in time. Establishments can move in or out of a county or industry for a number of reasons—some reflecting economic events, others reflecting administrative changes.

The preliminary QCEW data presented in this release may differ from data released by the individual states as well as from the data presented on the BLS Web site. These potential differences result from the states’ continuing receipt, review and editing of UI data over time. On the other hand, differences between data in this release and the data found on the BLS Web site are the result of adjustments made to improve over-the-year comparisons. Specifically, these adjustments account for administrative (noneconomic) changes such as a correction to a previously reported location or industry classification. Adjusting for these administrative changes allows users to more accurately assess changes of an economic nature (such as a firm moving from one county to another or changing its primary economic activity) over a 12-month period. Currently, adjusted data are available only from BLS press releases.

Table 1. Covered (1) employment and wages in the United States and the five large counties in Oregon, fourth quarter 2012 (2)
Area Employment Average Weekly Wage (3)
December 2012 (thousands) Percent change, December 2011-12 (4) National ranking by percent change (5) Average weekly wage National ranking by level (5) Percent change, fourth quarter 2011-12 (4) National ranking by percent change (5)

United States (6)

133,726.8 1.9 -- $1,000 -- 4.7 --
Oregon 1,654.1 1.4 -- 871 29 2.5 42

Clackamas, Ore.

142.2 2.2 106 893 175 4.2 100

Lane, Ore.

138.1 1.0 213 758 304 2.7 193

Marion, Ore.

129.9 0.5 257 760 302 3.4 150

Multnomah, Ore.

447.5 2.0 123 988 105 2.1 234

Washington, Ore.

252.7 1.2 194 1101 56 1.4 271

Footnotes:
(1) Includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs.
(2) Data are preliminary.
(3) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(4) Percent changes were computed from quarterly employment and pay data adjusted for noneconomic county reclassifications.
(5) Ranking does not include the county of San Juan, Puerto Rico.
(6) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.


Table 2. Covered (1) employment and wages in the United States and all counties in Oregon, fourth quarter 2012 (2)

United States (4)

133,726,808 $1,000
Oregon
1,654,062 871
Baker
5,029 623
Benton
34,413 918
Clackamas
142,151 893
Clatsop
16,293 638
Columbia
9,745 652
Coos
21,290 637
Crook
5,533 908
Curry
6,018 642
Deschutes
61,497 737
Douglas
34,516 694
Gilliam
778 676
Grant
2,223 658
Harney
2,204 626
Hood River
12,216 628
Jackson
78,784 706
Jefferson
5,907 690
Josephine
22,633 639
Klamath
21,204 668
Lake
2,313 685
Lane
138,051 758
Lincoln
16,850 632
Linn
40,415 730
Malheur
12,255 625
Marion
129,925 760
Morrow
4,394 789
Multnomah
447,463 988
Polk
16,952 607
Sherman
743 831
Tillamook
8,118 633
Umatilla
28,517 694
Union
9,360 651
Wallowa
2,222 609
Wasco
10,059 687
Washington
252,653 1101
Wheeler
329 443
Yamhill
31,014 712
Area Employment December 2012 Average Weekly Wage (3)

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs.
(2) Data are preliminary.
(3) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(4) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

SOURCE: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages


Table 3. Covered (1) employment and wages by state, fourth quarter 2012 (2)
State Employment Average weekly wage (3)
December 2012 (thousands) Percent change, December 2011-12 Average weekly wage National ranking by level Percent change, fourth quarter 2011-12 National ranking by percent change

United States (4)

133,726.8 1.9 $1,000 -- 4.7 --

Alabama

1,847.3 1.1 854 33 2.6 41

Alaska

314.8 1.1 1,007 15 2.7 38

Arizona

2,509.2 2.4 912 22 3.3 33

Arkansas

1,160.3 0.2 767 47 4.2 19

California

15,216.3 3.3 1,186 5 7.8 2

Colorado

2,311.4 2.7 1,032 11 5.8 5

Connecticut

1,657.6 1.0 1,253 3 5.3 8

Delaware

411.0 1.2 1,044 9 6.1 4

District of Columbia

721.5 1.7 1,703 1 2.2 47

Florida

7,535.5 2.3 880 27 3.9 23

Georgia

3,889.9 1.7 927 21 4.7 13

Hawaii

620.7 2.1 868 30 2.7 38

Idaho

618.4 2.0 732 50 2.1 48

Illinois

5,697.9 1.1 1,058 8 4.4 17

Indiana

2,850.5 1.8 816 40 3.4 32

Iowa

1,486.6 1.3 821 39 3.7 26

Kansas

1,339.2 1.5 835 37 4.4 17

Kentucky

1,796.0 1.4 801 42 1.8 49

Louisiana

1,891.9 1.0 884 26 4.1 20

Maine

582.2 0.2 773 46 2.4 45

Maryland

2,544.1 1.2 1,086 7 2.5 42

Massachusetts

3,279.3 1.3 1,248 4 4.8 11

Michigan

3,988.9 1.9 954 18 2.3 46

Minnesota

2,677.2 1.6 985 16 5.1 10

Mississippi

1,096.5 1.1 720 51 3.2 34

Missouri

2,641.9 0.9 863 31 4.6 14

Montana

434.6 1.9 757 48 4.1 20

Nebraska

931.3 2.2 797 43 4.6 14

Nevada

1,145.8 1.9 877 28 2.9 35

New Hampshire

620.8 0.8 1,023 13 5.5 6

New Jersey

3,846.4 1.1 1,172 6 2.9 35

New Mexico

796.8 1.5 802 41 0.4 51

New York

8,741.9 1.4 1,280 2 6.9 3

North Carolina

3,963.9 1.9 854 33 3.6 29

North Dakota

421.0 6.1 944 20 8.4 1

Ohio

5,098.0 1.3 887 25 3.6 29

Oklahoma

1,565.3 1.9 847 35 3.9 23

Oregon

1,654.1 1.4 871 29 2.5 42

Pennsylvania

5,629.8 0.5 972 17 3.8 25

Rhode Island

456.4 1.0 945 19 2.7 38

South Carolina

1,832.2 2.0 784 45 2.8 37

South Dakota

401.7 1.2 749 49 3.5 31

Tennessee

2,710.4 2.1 903 24 5.2 9

Texas

10,956.4 3.2 1,027 12 5.5 6

Utah

1,246.6 3.7 844 36 4.5 16

Vermont

306.1 0.7 829 38 2.5 42

Virginia

3,663.7 1.1 1,042 10 3.7 26

Washington

2,902.0 2.1 1,017 14 4.0 22

West Virginia

714.3 0.0 788 44 1.5 50

Wisconsin

2,723.6 1.2 855 32 4.8 11

Wyoming

277.6 0.2 908 23 3.7 26

Puerto Rico

978.6 1.6 550 (5) -0.4 (5)

Virgin Islands

39.8 -7.9 738 (5) -3.9 (5)

Footnotes:
(1) Includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs.
(2) Data are preliminary.
(3) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(4) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
(5) Data not included in the national ranking.


Chart 1. Average weekly wages by county in Oregon, fourth quarter 2012

Last Modified Date: August 6, 2013

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