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Wednesday, August 13, 2014

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County Employment and Wages in Oregon – Fourth Quarter 2013


Employment rose in all six large counties in Oregon from December 2012 to December 2013, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (Large counties are defined as those with employment of 75,000 or more as measured by 2012 annual average employment.) Regional Commissioner Richard J. Holden noted that employment increases ranged from 4.3 percent in Marion County to 0.7 percent in Clackamas County.

Nationally, employment increased 1.8 percent from December 2012 to December 2013 as 292 of the 334 largest U.S. counties registered increases. Weld, Colo., recorded the largest percentage increase in the country, up 6.0 percent over the year. St. Clair, Ill., registered the largest percentage employment decline, down 3.1 percent.

Among the large counties in Oregon, Multnomah County reported the largest employment (461,100) in December 2013. Together, the six large counties accounted for 72.0 percent of Oregon’s total employment. Nationwide, the largest 334 counties made up 71.7 percent of total U.S. employment, which stood at 136.1 million in December 2013.

From the fourth quarter of 2012 to the fourth quarter of 2013, Washington County recorded the largest rate of increase in average weekly wages among Oregon’s largest counties, registering a gain of 5.9 percent. Washington County also recorded the highest average weekly wage among the six large Oregon counties at $1,163 per week. Nationally, the average weekly wage was unchanged over the year, remaining at $1,000 in the fourth quarter of 2013.

Employment and wage levels (but not over-the-year changes) are also available for the 30 counties with employment below 75,000 in Oregon. Wage levels in all these counties were below the national average. (See table 2.)

Large county wage changes

All 6 of Oregon’s large counties recorded over-the-year wage gains that ranked in the top 50 nationwide in the fourth quarter of 2013. Apart from Washington County’s 5.9-percent gain, the remaining five counties posted wage gains between 2.4 and 2.0 percent. (See table 1.)

Nationwide, 185 large counties experienced over-the-year increases in average weekly wages. Santa Cruz, Calif., had the largest wage gain (6.5 percent). Ada, Idaho, had the second largest increase (6.4 percent), followed by Washington, Ore. (5.9 percent).

Among the 334 largest U.S. counties, 140 had over-the-year decreases in average weekly wages in the fourth quarter of 2013. Douglas, Colo., had the largest average weekly wage decline with a loss of 29.7 percent, followed by the counties of San Mateo, Calif. (-15.8 percent), and Virginia Beach City, Va. (-10.0 percent).

Large county average weekly wages

Average weekly wages in Washington County ($1,163, 45th), Multnomah County ($1,006, 93rd), and Clackamas County ($914, 159th) placed in the top half of the national ranking among the 334 largest counties nationwide. Average weekly wages in the state’s remaining three large counties ranged from $778 to $722 in the fourth quarter of 2013.

Average weekly wages were higher than the national average in 98 of the largest 334 U.S. counties. San Mateo, Calif., held the top position among the highest-paid large counties with a wage of $2,724. New York, N.Y., was second at $2,041, followed by Santa Clara, Calif. ($1,972).

There were 235 counties with an average weekly wage below the national average in the fourth quarter of 2013. The lowest average weekly wage was reported in Horry, S.C. ($587), followed by the counties of Cameron, Texas ($598); and Hidalgo, Texas ($620).

Average weekly wages in Oregon’s smaller counties

All 30 smaller counties in Oregon, those with employment below 75,000, had average weekly wages lower than the national average of $1,000. Benton reported the highest weekly wage ($916) followed by Morrow ($831). Wheeler County reported the lowest weekly wage in the state, averaging $493 in the fourth quarter of 2013. (See table 2.)

When all 36 counties in Oregon were considered, 1 county reported average weekly wages under $600, 19 reported wages from $600 to $699, 11 reported wages from $700 to $799, 1 reported wages from $800 to $899, and 4 reported wages above $900.

Additional statistics and other information

QCEW data for states have been included in this release in table 3. For additional information about quarterly employment and wages data, please read the Technical Note or visit www.bls.gov/cew.

Employment and Wages Annual Averages Online features comprehensive information by detailed industry on establishments, employment, and wages for the nation and all states. The 2012 edition of this publication contains selected data produced by Business Employment Dynamics (BED) on job gains and losses, as well as selected data from the first quarter 2013 version of the national news release. Tables and additional content from Employment and Wages Annual Averages 2012 are now available online at http://www.bls.gov/cew/cewbultn12.htm. The 2013 edition of Employment and Wages Annual Averages Online will be available in September 2014.

Technical Note

Average weekly wage data by county are compiled under the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program, also known as the ES-202 program. The data are derived from summaries of employment and total pay of workers covered by state and federal unemployment insurance (UI) legislation and provided by State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). The 9.3 million employer reports cover 136.1 million full- and part-time workers. The average weekly wage values are calculated by dividing quarterly total wages by the average of the three monthly employment levels of those covered by UI programs. The result is then divided by 13, the number of weeks in a quarter. It is to be noted, therefore, that over-the-year wage changes for geographic areas may reflect shifts in the composition of employment by industry, occupation, and such other factors as hours of work. Thus, wages may vary among counties, metropolitan areas, or states for reasons other than changes in the average wage level. Data for all states, Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs), counties, and the nation are available on the BLS Web site at www.bls.gov/cew/; however, data in QCEW press releases have been revised (see Technical Note below) and may not match the data contained on the Bureau’s Web site.

QCEW data are not designed as a time series. QCEW data are simply the sums of individual establishment records reflecting the number of establishments that exist in a county or industry at a point in time. Establishments can move in or out of a county or industry for a number of reasons—some reflecting economic events, others reflecting administrative changes.

The preliminary QCEW data presented in this release may differ from data released by the individual states as well as from the data presented on the BLS Web site. These potential differences result from the states’ continuing receipt, review and editing of UI data over time. On the other hand, differences between data in this release and the data found on the BLS Web site are the result of adjustments made to improve over-the-year comparisons. Specifically, these adjustments account for administrative (noneconomic) changes such as a correction to a previously reported location or industry classification. Adjusting for these administrative changes allows users to more accurately assess changes of an economic nature (such as a firm moving from one county to another or changing its primary economic activity) over a 12-month period. Currently, adjusted data are available only from BLS press releases.

Table 1. Covered employment and wages in the United States and the 6 largest counties in Oregon, fourth quarter 2013
Area Employment Average Weekly Wage (1)
December 2013 (thousands) Percent change, December 2012-13 (2) National ranking by percent change (3) Average weekly wage National ranking by level (3) Percent change, fourth quarter 2012-13 (2) National ranking by percent change (3)

United States (4)

136,129.4 1.8 -- $1,000 -- 0.0 --

Oregon

1,699.6 2.5 -- 894 25 2.6 3

Clackamas, Ore.

143.8 0.7 230 914 159 2.1 43

Jackson, Ore.

79.9 2.0 122 722 320 2.0 47

Lane, Ore.

141.1 1.3 175 772 299 2.3 36

Marion, Ore.

135.8 4.3 17 778 294 2.4 31

Multnomah, Ore.

461.1 2.8 76 1,006 93 2.0 47

Washington, Ore.

262.6 3.7 34 1,163 45 5.9 3

Footnotes:
(1) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(2) Percent changes were computed from quarterly employment and pay data adjusted for noneconomic county reclassifications.
(3) Ranking does not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
(4) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

NOTE: Covered employment and wages includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs. Data are preliminary.


Table 2. Covered employment and wages in the United States and all counties in Oregon, fourth quarter 2013
Area Employment December 2013 Average Weekly Wage (1)

United States (2)

136,129,407 $1,000

  Oregon

1,699,640 894

    Baker

4,958 633

    Benton

34,684 916

    Clackamas

143,821 914

    Clatsop

16,405 651

    Columbia

9,925 675

    Coos

21,742 659

    Crook

5,815 765

    Curry

6,003 632

    Deschutes

64,247 762

    Douglas

34,817 703

    Gilliam

731 753

    Grant

2,271 641

    Harney

2,125 634

    Hood River

12,468 632

    Jackson

79,866 722

    Jefferson

6,010 697

    Josephine

22,725 627

    Klamath

21,408 668

    Lake

2,348 680

    Lane

141,066 772

    Lincoln

16,944 633

    Linn

41,395 741

    Malheur

12,272 639

    Marion

135,777 778

    Morrow

4,760 831

    Multnomah

461,119 1,006

    Polk

17,599 642

    Sherman

742 794

    Tillamook

8,292 650

    Umatilla

28,541 688

    Union

9,621 658

    Wallowa

2,268 605

    Wasco

10,138 704

    Washington

262,627 1,163

    Wheeler

307 493

    Yamhill

32,057 731

(1) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.

(2) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

Data are preliminary.

NOTE: Includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs.


Table 3. Covered employment and wages by state, fourth quarter 2013
State Employment Average weekly wage (1)
December 2013 (thousands) Percent change, December 2012-13 Average weekly wage National ranking by level Percent change, fourth quarter 2012-13 National ranking by percent change

United States (2)

136,129.4 1.8 $1,000 -- 0.0 --

Alabama

1,866.5 1.0 851 34 -0.5 39

Alaska

315.1 0.0 1,022 14 1.6 7

Arizona

2,571.0 2.4 906 23 -0.5 39

Arkansas

1,154.3 -0.5 771 47 0.4 22

California

15,650.3 2.8 1,175 6 -0.9 43

Colorado

2,383.9 3.1 1,023 13 -0.9 43

Connecticut

1,661.2 0.3 1,238 4 -1.3 49

Delaware

419.6 1.8 1,035 9 -0.6 41

District of Columbia

727.3 0.6 1,638 1 -3.9 51

Florida

7,739.5 2.7 883 29 0.2 27

Georgia

3,986.9 2.5 924 21 -0.1 32

Hawaii

632.9 1.7 871 30 0.3 25

Idaho

634.5 2.6 754 50 3.0 2

Illinois

5,758.9 1.0 1,060 8 0.2 27

Indiana

2,896.9 1.6 814 40 -0.2 35

Iowa

1,510.9 1.4 834 38 1.6 7

Kansas

1,359.5 1.6 832 39 -0.4 38

Kentucky

1,818.0 1.2 804 42 0.2 27

Louisiana

1,911.6 0.9 889 26 0.5 20

Maine

586.8 0.8 786 46 1.7 5

Maryland

2,555.1 0.4 1,076 7 -0.9 43

Massachusetts

3,332.9 1.5 1,258 3 0.8 17

Michigan

4,072.4 2.0 952 20 -0.2 35

Minnesota

2,720.6 1.7 988 16 0.3 25

Mississippi

1,108.1 1.1 729 51 1.3 11

Missouri

2,670.4 1.1 861 32 -0.2 35

Montana

440.0 1.3 760 48 0.4 22

Nebraska

944.3 1.4 796 43 -0.1 32

Nevada

1,180.5 3.0 884 28 0.7 18

New Hampshire

629.3 1.4 1,017 15 -0.8 42

New Jersey

3,887.5 1.2 1,186 5 1.1 14

New Mexico

796.2 -0.1 814 40 1.4 10

New York

8,888.6 1.7 1,266 2 -1.1 48

North Carolina

4,045.5 1.9 860 33 0.7 18

North Dakota

435.0 3.3 980 17 3.8 1

Ohio

5,175.4 1.4 887 27 0.0 30

Oklahoma

1,581.3 0.6 851 34 -0.1 32

Oregon

1,699.6 2.5 894 25 2.6 3

Pennsylvania

5,650.3 0.4 976 18 0.4 22

Rhode Island

462.7 1.4 960 19 1.5 9

South Carolina

1,875.8 2.3 793 44 1.0 15

South Dakota

407.1 1.3 759 49 1.3 11

Tennessee

2,758.3 1.8 895 24 -0.9 43

Texas

11,246.3 2.6 1,027 12 0.0 30

Utah

1,284.7 3.1 836 37 -0.9 43

Vermont

308.5 0.6 848 36 2.3 4

Virginia

3,670.0 0.1 1,028 11 -1.3 49

Washington

2,976.0 2.5 1,034 10 1.7 5

West Virginia

710.1 -0.6 792 45 0.5 20

Wisconsin

2,751.8 1.0 865 31 1.2 13

Wyoming

279.2 0.6 917 22 1.0 15

Puerto Rico

958.3 -2.3 551 (3) 0.2 (3)

Virgin Islands

38.5 -3.6 754 (3) 2.4 (3)

Footnotes:
(1) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(2) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
(3) Data not included in the national ranking.

NOTE: Covered employment and wages includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs. Data are preliminary.


Chart 1. Average weekly wages by county in Oregon, fourth quarter 2012

Last Modified Date: August 13, 2014

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