Spotlight on Statistics

November 2009

Health Care — Spotlight on Statistics:
Chart Data

The Increasing Cost of Health Care

12 months percent change in consumer price index for medical care services, medical care, and all items, 1936–2008
Year Medical care services Medical care All items

1936

0.0 0.0 1.5

1937

1.2 1.0 3.6

1938

0.0 0.0 -2.1

1939

1.2 0.0 -1.4

1940

0.0 1.0 0.7

1941

0.0 0.0 5.0

1942

3.5 2.9 10.9

1943

4.5 4.7 6.1

1944

4.3 3.6 1.7

1945

3.1 2.6 2.3

1946

5.1 5.0 8.3

1947

8.7 8.0 14.4

1948

7.1 6.7 8.1

1949

3.3 2.8 -1.2

1950

2.4 2.0 1.3

1951

4.7 5.3 7.9

1952

6.7 5.0 1.9

1953

3.5 3.6 0.8

1954

3.4 2.9 0.7

1955

2.6 2.2 -0.4

1956

3.8 3.8 1.5

1957

4.3 4.2 3.3

1958

5.3 4.6 2.8

1959

4.5 4.4 0.7

1960

4.3 3.7 1.7

1961

3.6 2.7 1.0

1962

3.5 2.6 1.0

1963

2.9 2.6 1.3

1964

2.3 2.1 1.3

1965

3.2 2.4 1.6

1966

5.3 4.4 2.9

1967

8.8 7.2 3.1

1968

7.3 6.0 4.2

1969

8.2 6.7 5.5

1970

7.0 6.6 5.7

1971

7.4 6.2 4.4

1972

3.5 3.3 3.2

1973

4.5 4.0 6.2

1974

10.4 9.3 11.0

1975

12.6 12.0 9.1

1976

10.1 9.5 5.8

1977

9.9 9.6 6.5

1978

8.5 8.4 7.6

1979

9.8 9.2 11.3

1980

11.3 11.0 13.5

1981

10.7 10.7 10.3

1982

11.8 11.6 6.2

1983

8.7 8.8 3.2

1984

6.0 6.2 4.3

1985

6.1 6.3 3.6

1986

7.7 7.5 1.9

1987

6.6 6.6 3.6

1988

6.4 6.5 4.1

1989

7.7 7.7 4.8

1990

9.3 9.0 5.4

1991

8.9 8.7 4.2

1992

7.6 7.4 3.0

1993

6.5 5.9 3.0

1994

5.2 4.8 2.6

1995

5.1 4.5 2.8

1996

3.7 3.5 3.0

1997

2.9 2.8 2.3

1998

3.2 3.2 1.6

1999

3.4 3.5 2.2

2000

4.3 4.1 3.4

2001

4.8 4.6 2.8

2002

5.1 4.7 1.6

2003

4.5 4.0 2.3

2004

5.0 4.4 2.7

2005

4.8 4.2 3.4

2006

4.1 4.0 3.2

2007

5.3 4.4 2.8

2008

4.2 3.7 3.8

Source: Consumer Price Indexes | Chart

Household Health Care Spending by Region

Health care expenditures as percent of total expenditures, by region, 1997–2008
Year Health care expenditures Total average annual expenditures Health care expenditures as a percent of total expenditures
U.S.

1997

$1,841 $34,819 5.3

1998

1,903 35,535 5.4

1999

1,959 36,995 5.3

2000

2,066 38,045 5.4

2001

2,182 39,518 5.5

2002

2,350 40,677 5.8

2003

2,416 40,817 5.9

2004

2,574 43,395 5.9

2005

2,664 46,409 5.7

2006

2,766 48,398 5.7

2007

2,853 49,638 5.7

2008

2,976 50,486 5.9
Northeast

1997

1,709 36,070 4.7

1998

1,773 37,535 4.7

1999

1,804 38,403 4.7

2000

1,862 38,902 4.8

2001

2,084 41,169 5.1

2002

2,207 42,390 5.2

2003

2,127 42,162 5.0

2004

2,371 46,115 5.1

2005

2,581 47,921 5.4

2006

2,591 49,164 5.3

2007

2,645 51,624 5.1

2008

3,035 54,918 5.5
Midwest

1997

1,903 33,791 5.6

1998

2,008 34,513 5.8

1999

2,087 36,302 5.7

2000

2,172 39,213 5.5

2001

2,292 39,548 5.8

2002

2,383 40,601 5.9

2003

2,586 40,280 6.4

2004

2,861 43,371 6.6

2005

2,841 45,027 6.3

2006

2,816 45,085 6.2

2007

3,097 48,014 6.5

2008

3,049 47,846 6.4
South

1997

1,902 32,226 5.9

1998

1,985 32,958 6.0

1999

1,956 33,303 5.9

2000

2,147 34,707 6.2

2001

2,194 36,285 6.0

2002

2,431 37,281 6.5

2003

2,396 37,625 6.4

2004

2,508 39,174 6.4

2005

2,606 42,504 6.1

2006

2,775 44,501 6.2

2007

2,800 45,464 6.2

2008

2,849 46,823 6.1
West

1997

1,793 39,037 4.6

1998

1,774 38,938 4.6

1999

1,962 42,335 4.6

2000

2,001 41,328 4.8

2001

2,129 43,261 4.9

2002

2,310 44,728 5.2

2003

2,525 45,381 5.6

2004

2,560 47,922 5.3

2005

2,647 52,891 5.0

2006

2,853 57,486 5.0

2007

2,860 56,291 5.1

2008

3,057 55,453 5.5

Source: Consumer Expenditures Program | Chart

Health Care Spending Demographics

Health care expenditures by expenditure category and race and Hispanic origin, 2008
All consumer units Hispanic or Latino Black or African American Asian White and all others

Total

$2,976 $1,571 $1,595 $2,233 $3,211

Health insurance

1,653 816 1,015 1,425 1,757

Medical services

727 407 292 412 804

Drugs

482 274 252 298 524

Medical supplies

114 75 36 97 126

Note:
Race and Hispanic or Latino origin are two separate and distinct categories. Hispanic consumer units may be of any race and are categorized into one of the following racial groups: White and all other races, Asian, and Black or African-American.

Source: Consumer Expenditures Program | Chart

Rising Health Care Employment

Percentage of total nonfarm employment in private-sector heath care industries, 1958–2008
Private-sector health care employment Total private-sector employment Private-sector health care employment as a percent of total private-sector employment

1958

1,365,200 43,483,000 3.1

1968

2,638,600 56,058,000 4.7

1978

4,791,600 71,026,000 6.7

1988

7,105,400 87,823,000 8.1

1998

10,540,900 106,021,000 9.9

2008

13,309,800 114,566,000 11.6

Note:
The estimates of employment for 1988 and earlier were calculated using the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system; those for 1998 and 2008 were calculated with the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS).

Source: Current Employment Statistics | Chart

Health Care Employment in Metro Areas

Private-sector health care employment as a percentage of total private-sector employment by metropolitan area, 2008
Metropolitan area Annual average
private-sector health care employment
Total private-sector employment Private-sector health care employment as
a percentage of total
private-sector employment

Aguadilla-Isabela-San Sebastián, PR MSA

3,331 34,931 9.54

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ MSA

46,085 288,982 15.95

Altoona, PA MSA

8,336 51,238 16.27

Ames, IA MSA

2,545 28,850 8.82

Anchorage, AK MSA

16,936 133,509 12.69

Anniston-Oxford, AL MSA

4,076 37,165 10.97

Appleton, WI MSA

9,414 104,695 8.99

Athens-Clarke County, GA MSA

9,913 58,316 17.00

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA MSA

167,988 1,965,147 8.55

Atlantic City, NJ MSA

14,146 122,513 11.55

Auburn-Opelika, AL MSA

2,256 35,886 6.29

Austin-Round Rock, TX MSA

54,413 607,447 8.96

Bakersfield, CA MSA

19,734 226,783 8.70

Bangor, ME MSA

11,098 58,109 19.10

Barnstable Town, MA MSA

12,985 77,564 16.74

Baton Rouge, LA MSA

32,395 289,269 11.20

Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX MSA

18,426 136,461 13.50

Binghamton, NY MSA

11,961 86,636 13.81

Boise City-Nampa, ID MSA

27,023 230,304 11.73

Boulder, CO MSA

14,439 136,815 10.55

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT MSA

45,233 372,192 12.15

Brownsville-Harlingen, TX MSA

24,101 96,248 25.04

Brunswick, GA MSA

2,744 33,317 8.24

Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY MSA

58,311 440,520 13.24

Canton-Massillon, OH MSA

24,014 145,955 16.45

Casper, WY MSA

4,231 34,627 12.22

Charleston-North Charleston, SC MSA

22,196 227,508 9.76

Chattanooga, TN-GA MSA

22,892 200,819 11.40

Cheyenne, WY MSA

2,596 30,554 8.50

Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IL-IN-WI MSA

411,546 3,793,490 10.85

Chico, CA MSA

10,978 60,904 18.03

Clarksville, TN-KY MSA

6,861 63,446 10.81

Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH MSA

130,898 885,697 14.78

Coeur d'Alene, ID MSA

4,690 46,660 10.05

Colorado Springs, CO MSA

18,601 205,185 9.07

Columbus, GA-AL MSA

11,492 93,115 12.34

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX MSA

234,591 2,552,684 9.19

Dayton, OH MSA

49,586 318,100 15.59

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL MSA

24,281 138,936 17.48

Denver-Aurora, CO MSA

93,325 1,063,083 8.78

Dothan, AL MSA

6,308 48,578 12.99

Duluth, MN-WI MSA

22,264 101,913 21.85

El Centro, CA MSA

2,146 42,584 5.04

El Paso, TX MSA

23,875 208,326 11.46

Elizabethtown, KY MSA

3,050 34,086 8.95

Elkhart-Goshen, IN MSA

8,504 105,473 8.06

Erie, PA MSA

17,467 112,025 15.59

Fairbanks, AK MSA

3,401 26,135 13.01

Farmington, NM MSA

4,536 41,150 11.02

Flagstaff, AZ MSA

6,196 43,938 14.10

Fort Walton Beach-Crestview-Destin, FL MSA

6,663 63,924 10.42

Fort Wayne, IN MSA

25,935 182,704 14.20

Fresno, CA MSA

31,031 287,727 10.78

Gadsden, AL MSA

6,308 30,449 20.72

Gainesville, FL MSA

18,535 89,282 20.76

Goldsboro, NC MSA

3,908 33,982 11.50

Grand Junction, CO MSA

6,763 55,560 12.17

Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI MSA

44,036 335,268 13.13

Great Falls, MT MSA

4,899 30,181 16.23

Green Bay, WI MSA

16,214 145,841 11.12

Greensboro-High Point, NC MSA

33,457 312,617 10.70

Greenville, NC MSA

7,047 54,367 12.96

Greenville, SC MSA

18,987 254,464 7.46

Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA MSA

32,816 255,485 12.84

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, NC MSA

14,249 128,950 11.05

Honolulu, HI MSA

36,046 352,831 10.22

Hot Springs, AR MSA

5,815 32,435 17.93

Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux, LA MSA

6,391 82,500 7.75

Huntsville, AL MSA

12,407 161,456 7.68

Indianapolis, IN MSA

85,866 746,834 11.50

Iowa City, IA MSA

5,285 57,527 9.19

Jacksonville, NC MSA

2,792 32,657 8.55

Janesville, WI MSA

7,771 56,842 13.67

Jefferson City, MO MSA

5,896 48,732 12.10

Johnstown, PA MSA

9,638 49,002 19.67

Jonesboro, AR MSA

6,311 39,938 15.80

Kalamazoo-Portage, MI MSA

15,921 118,389 13.45

Kankakee-Bradley, IL MSA

6,411 36,660 17.49

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol, TN-VA MSA

15,160 104,613 14.49

Kingston, NY MSA

6,818 46,227 14.75

Knoxville, TN MSA

36,227 279,197 12.98

Lafayette, LA MSA

15,736 130,719 12.04

Lakeland, FL MSA

22,592 172,821 13.07

Lancaster, PA MSA

28,566 208,864 13.68

Lansing-East Lansing, MI MSA

19,775 152,801 12.94

Laredo, TX MSA

10,027 67,472 14.86

Las Cruces, NM MSA

7,655 50,268 15.23

Las Vegas-Paradise, NV MSA

50,060 806,178 6.21

Lawrence, KS MSA

2,567 35,628 7.21

Lawton, OK MSA

2,641 28,935 9.13

Lexington-Fayette, KY MSA

19,780 202,634 9.76

Lima, OH MSA

9,400 45,788 20.53

Little Rock-North Little Rock, AR MSA

34,549 262,515 13.16

Longview, TX MSA

11,141 84,438 13.19

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA MSA

450,692 4,910,578 9.18

Madison, WI MSA

25,947 260,689 9.95

Manchester-Nashua, NH MSA

22,154 174,272 12.71

McAllen-Edinburg-Pharr, TX MSA

40,813 167,663 24.34

Medford, OR MSA

10,562 70,336 15.02

Memphis, TN-MS-AR MSA

59,129 521,752 11.33

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Miami Beach, FL MSA

228,899 1,954,863 11.71

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI MSA

91,378 736,201 12.41

Missoula, MT MSA

6,403 47,042 13.61

Mobile, AL MSA

17,848 147,980 12.06

Modesto, CA MSA

18,209 144,976 12.56

Morgantown, WV MSA

10,727 43,677 24.56

Mount Vernon-Anacortes, WA MSA

3,810 38,119 10.00

Muskegon-Norton Shores, MI MSA

8,828 53,346 16.55

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach, SC MSA

7,099 102,088 6.95

Napa, CA MSA

5,159 58,890 8.76

Naples-Marco Island, FL MSA

13,942 111,445 12.51

New Haven-Milford, CT MSA

52,478 314,135 16.71

Ocala, FL MSA

10,861 83,472 13.01

Odessa, TX MSA

4,423 52,861 8.37

Olympia, WA MSA

8,685 64,337 13.50

Orlando, FL MSA

88,799 908,568 9.77

Oshkosh-Neenah, WI MSA

8,553 79,966 10.70

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA MSA

22,481 271,673 8.28

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL MSA

23,538 170,947 13.77

Pascagoula, MS MSA

2,639 45,437 5.81

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, FL MSA

20,771 129,952 15.98

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ MSA

159,078 1,587,913 10.02

Pittsfield, MA MSA

10,018 54,760 18.29

Portland-South Portland-Biddeford, ME MSA

32,104 221,587 14.49

Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown, NY MSA

29,006 196,172 14.79

Punta Gorda, FL MSA

7,655 35,540 21.54

Racine, WI MSA

8,081 66,107 12.22

Redding, CA MSA

8,204 51,969 15.79

Richmond, VA MSA

59,624 494,982 12.05

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA MSA

101,429 1,018,179 9.96

Rochester, NY MSA

57,651 417,039 13.82

Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, CA MSA

73,604 663,408 11.09

San Angelo, TX MSA

6,736 36,528 18.44

San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA MSA

94,366 1,094,928 8.62

San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA MSA

154,002 1,752,733 8.79

San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo, PR MSA

46,556 538,534 8.64

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles, CA MSA

8,671 84,530 10.26

Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta, CA MSA

14,545 153,972 9.45

Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA MSA

8,480 79,699 10.64

Santa Fe, NM MSA

5,916 46,953 12.60

Santa Rosa-Petaluma, CA MSA

18,081 163,326 11.07

Sarasota-Bradenton-Venice, FL MSA

34,537 233,964 14.76

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA MSA

132,879 1,466,900 9.06

Sherman-Denison, TX MSA

7,052 36,308 19.42

Sioux City, IA-NE-SD MSA

7,877 66,219 11.90

Sioux Falls, SD MSA

19,035 120,902 15.74

South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI MSA

15,006 115,147 13.03

Spokane, WA MSA

26,863 176,252 15.24

Springfield, MO MSA

27,178 162,650 16.71

St. Louis, MO-IL MSA

142,253 1,138,449 12.50

State College, PA MSA

5,553 43,544 12.75

Stockton, CA MSA

19,860 182,036 10.91

Syracuse, NY MSA

31,036 251,981 12.32

Tallahassee, FL MSA

14,462 109,413 13.22

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL MSA

133,429 1,026,690 13.00

Terre Haute, IN MSA

8,082 56,258 14.37

Trenton-Ewing, NJ MSA

20,301 162,483 12.49

Tucson, AZ MSA

43,571 296,175 14.71

Tulsa, OK MSA

44,116 369,558 11.94

Tyler, TX MSA

16,841 81,754 20.60

Vallejo-Fairfield, CA MSA

14,180 100,591 14.10

Vero Beach, FL MSA

7,225 43,102 16.76

Victoria, TX MSA

5,369 42,029 12.77

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC MSA

64,598 586,344 11.02

Visalia-Porterville, CA MSA

7,121 119,160 5.98

Warner Robins, GA MSA

2,570 33,268 7.73

Wichita, KS MSA

29,835 260,186 11.47

Winston-Salem, NC MSA

32,837 188,262 17.44

Worcester, MA MSA

44,527 271,209 16.42

Yakima, WA MSA

10,525 83,940 12.54

York-Hanover, PA MSA

18,473 156,586 11.80

Yuma, AZ MSA

5,011 51,539 9.72

Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages | Chart

Pharmacists Have Rx for Highest Wages, RNs Register Highest Employment

Employment and earnings in selected healthcare practitioner and technical occupations and healthcare support occupations, May 2008
Occupation Employment Average annual wages

Respiratory Therapists

103,870 $53,150

Family and General Practitioners

106,210 $161,490

Speech-Language Pathologists

107,340 $66,130

Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians

149,670 $37,150

Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists

166,510 $54,050

Physical Therapists

167,300 $74,410

Medical Records and Health Information Technicians

168,650 $32,960

Dental Hygienists

173,090 $66,950

Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics

207,610 $31,980

Radiologic Technologists and Technicians

208,570 $53,230

Pharmacists

266,410 $104,260

Dental Assistants

293,090 $33,170

Pharmacy Technicians

324,110 $28,500

Medical Assistants

475,950 $29,060

Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses

730,500 $40,110

Home Health Aides

892,410 $21,440

Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants

1,422,720 $24,620

Registered Nurses

2,542,760 $65,130

Source: Occupational Employment Statistics | Chart

A Future in Health Care Looks ... Healthy

Projected 2006–2016 change in employment, health care related occupations
Occupation Total employment, 2006 Projected employment, 2016 2006-2016 change in total employment

Registered nurses

2,505,000 3,092,000 587,000

Personal and home care aides

767,000 1156,000 389,000

Home health aides

787,000 1,171,000 384,000

Nursing aides, orderlies, and attendants

1,447,000 1,711,000 264,000

Medical assistants

417,000 565,000 148,000

Licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses

749,000 854,000 105,000

Pharmacy technicians

285,000 376,000 91,000

Physicians and surgeons

633,000 723,000 90,000

Dental assistants

280,000 362,000 82,000

Medical secretaries

408,000 477,000 68,000

Pharmacists

243,000 296,000 53,000

Dental hygienists

167,000 217,000 50,000

Physical therapists

173,000 220,000 47,000

Medical and health services managers

262,000 305,000 43,000

Emergency medical technicians and paramedics

201,000 240,000 39,000

Medical and public health social workers

124,000 154,000 30,000

Medical records and health information technicians

170,000 200,000 30,000

Radiologic technologists and technicians

196,000 226,000 30,000

Source: Employment Projections | Chart

Health Care Workers Need Health Care Too

Nonfatal injury and illness cases involving days away from work, rate per 10,000 full-time workers, private industry and selected health care industries, 2007
Industry Rate per 10,000 full-time workers

Ambulance Services

335.2

Nursing and Residential Care Facilities

262.8

Other Ambulatory Health Care Services

261.4

Community Care Facilities for the Elderly

245.5

Residential Mental Retardation, Mental Health and Substance Abuse Facilities

205.9

Psychiatric and Substance Abuse Hospitals

203.8

Other Residential Care Facilities

198.1

Hospitals

171.9

General Medical and Surgical Hospitals

169.0

All Other Ambulatory Health Care Services

155.2

Home Health Care Services

153.0

Total, Private industry

122.2

Outpatient Care Centers

88.0

Ambulatory Health Care Services

63.8

Medical and Diagnostic Laboratories

59.5

Offices of Physicians

30.4

Offices of Other Health Practitioners

30.2

Offices of Dentists

15.2

Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities program | Chart

The Cost for Employers

Health care related employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation, private industry workers, by industry, 2nd quarter 2009
Industry Sick leave Health insurance Short and long term disability Medicare

Leisure and hospitality

$0.04 $0.62 $0.00 (1) $0.17

Other services

0.20 1.40 0.07 0.30

Trade, transportation, and utilities

0.19 1.81 0.06 0.27

Professional and business services

0.28 1.87 0.12 0.40

Construction

0.08 2.22 0.08 0.34

Education and health services

0.33 2.17 0.09 0.35

Financial activities

0.41 2.69 0.14 0.42

Manufacturing

0.22 3.04 0.15 0.36

Information

0.49 3.25 0.25 0.47

Footnotes:
(1) The estimates for short-term and long-term disability were each $0.01 or less; therefore combined cost would be $0.02 or less.

Source: National Compensation Survey | Chart

Access to Health Care Benefits

Percent of private-industry workers with access to health care benefits by worker characteristic, March 2009
Characteristic Medicalcare Dentalcare Visioncare

Allworkers

71 46 27

Fulltime

86 56 33

Parttime

24 16 10

Union

90 69 54

Nonunion

69 44 24

Source: National Compensation Survey | Chart

Can You Stay Home When You're Sick?

Percent of workers with access to paid sick leave, private industry, by worker and establishment characteristics, March, 2004–2009
Worker or establishment characteristic 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

All workers

60 59 58 60 61 61

Part time

26 25 24 25 27 26

Full time

70 70 69 70 71 73

Nonunion

60 59 58 59 60 61

Union

61 62 60 64 66 69

Goods-producing

50 49 49 49 51 52

Service-producing or -providing (1)

63 62 61 62 63 63

1 to 99 workers

51 50 49 51 52 52

100 or more workers

70 70 69 69 71 72

Footnotes:
(1) The sector's name changed from service-producing to service-providing as part of the transition from SIC to NAICS.

Source: National Compensation Survey | Chart

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