U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
American Time Use Survey
Charts by Topic: Care of household children (by adults living in households with children)
Findings from the 2013 survey:
- Adults living in households with children under age 6 spent an average of
2.0 hours per day providing primary childcare to household children. Adults
living in households where the youngest child was between the ages of 6 and
17 spent less than half as much time providing primary childcare to household
children--47 minutes per day. Primary childcare is childcare that is done as
a main activity, such as physical care of children and reading to or talking
- On an average day, among adults living in households with children under age 6,
women spent 1.0 hour providing physical care (such as bathing or feeding a child)
to household children; by contrast, men spent 26 minutes providing physical care.
- Adults living in households with at least one child under age 6 spent an average
of 5.4 hours per day providing secondary childcare--that is, they had at least
one child in their care while doing activities other than primary childcare.
Secondary childcare provided by adults living in households with children under
age 6 was most commonly provided while doing leisure activities (2.1 hours) or
household activities (1.3 hours).
- Adults living in households with children under age 6 spent more time providing
primary childcare on an average weekday (2.1 hours) than on an average weekend
day (1.8 hours). However, they spent less time providing secondary childcare
on weekdays than on weekend days--4.5 hours compared with 7.4 hours.
[Chart in PDF]
- Married women, ages 25 to 54, who were employed full-time and lived with a child under 6, spent 1.6 fewer hours per weekday caring
for household children than women who were not employed and 1.3 hour less than women who worked part-time.
(Data are from the 2013 survey.)
Last Modified Date: September 30, 2014