Detailed information about the variables displayed here are available in the technical documentation. Files containing these data are available for download at https://www.bls.gov/emp/ep_data_occupational_data.htm.

loading
Please wait while your page loads...




Occupation Title SOC Code Employment 2016 (thousands) Employment 2026 (thousands) Employment change, 2016-2026 (thousands) Employment change, 2016-2026 (percent) Occupational openings, 2016-2026 annual average (thousands) 2016 median annual wage Education, work experience, and training
Typical entry-level education Education Code Work experience in a related occupation Workex Code Typical on-the-job training trCode
                       
Total, all occupations 00-0000 156,063.8 167,582.3 11,518.6 7.4 18,740.3 $37,040 - - -
Accountants and auditors
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Account Auditor
* Accountant
* Auditor
* Auditor-In-Charge
* CPA
* Certified Public Accountant
* Cost Accountant
* Field Auditor
* Financial Accountant
* Financial Auditor
* Fund Accountant
* Internal Auditor
* Payroll Auditor
* Tax Accountant

13-2011 1,397.7 1,538.0 140.3 10.0 141.8 68,150 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Actors
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Actor Understudy
* Actress
* Dramatic Reader
* Elocutionist
* Monologist
* Vaudeville Actor
* Voice-Over Artist

27-2011 63.8 71.3 7.5 11.7 7.4 N/A Some college, no degree 6 None 4 Long-term on-the-job training 3
Actuaries
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Actuarial Associate
* Actuarial Mathematician
* Health Actuary
* Insurance Actuary
* Pricing Actuary
* Product Development Actuary

15-2011 23.6 28.9 5.3 22.5 2.1 100,610 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 Long-term on-the-job training 3
Adhesive bonding machine operators and tenders
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Glue Line Operator
* Glue Machine Operator
* Glue Reel Operator
* Paper Gluing Operator

51-9191 17.0 16.6 -0.5 -2.7 1.8 32,290 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Administrative law judges, adjudicators, and hearing officers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Appeals Examiner
* Appeals Referee
* Appellate Conferee
* Hearing Examiner
* Hearing Officer
* Justice of The Peace
* Traffic Court Referee

23-1021 15.4 16.0 0.6 4.0 0.7 92,110 Doctoral or professional degree 1 5 years or more 1 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Administrative services managers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Administrative Services Manager
* Business Office Manager
* Business Unit Manager
* Facilities Manager
* Records Management Director
* Records and Information Manager

11-3011 281.7 310.1 28.4 10.1 26.2 90,050 Bachelor's degree 3 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
Adult basic and secondary education and literacy teachers and instructors
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Adult Basic Studies Teacher
* Adult Education Teacher
* Adult Literacy Instructor
* Adult Literacy Teacher
* Adult Remedial Education Instructor
* GED Instructor
* General Educational Development (GED) Teacher
* General Educational Development Teacher

25-3011 68.2 64.3 -3.8 -5.6 6.8 50,650 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Advertising and promotions managers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Advertising Director
* Advertising Executive
* Advertising Manager
* Classified Advertising Manager
* Promotion Manager
* Promotions Director
* VP Advertising
* VP Promotions

11-2011 31.3 33.1 1.8 5.8 3.4 100,810 Bachelor's degree 3 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
Advertising sales agents
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Advertising Account Executive
* Advertising Agent
* Advertising Solicitor
* Display Advertising Sales Representative
* Inside Sales Advertising Executive
* Outside Sales Advertising Executive
* Radio Time Salesperson
* Signs and Displays Salesperson
* Yellow Pages Space Salesperson

41-3011 149.9 145.6 -4.4 -2.9 17.8 50,380 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Aerospace engineering and operations technicians
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Altitude Chamber Technician
* Flight Data Technician
* Wind Tunnel Technician

17-3021 12.1 12.9 0.8 6.6 1.1 68,020 Associate's degree 4 None 4 None 6
Aerospace engineers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Aerodynamics Engineer
* Aeronautical Engineer
* Aerospace Engineer
* Aircraft Design Engineer
* Aircraft Designer
* Aircraft Engineer
* Astronautical Engineer
* Flight Systems Test Engineer
* Flight Test Engineer
* Wind Tunnel Engineer

17-2011 69.6 73.8 4.2 6.1 4.6 109,650 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Agents and business managers of artists, performers, and athletes
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Artist Manager
* Artist Representative
* Author's Agent
* Band Manager
* Booking Agent
* Booking Manager
* Fight Manager
* Literary Agent
* Modeling Agent
* Talent Agent
* Talent Manager
* Theatrical Agent

13-1011 19.1 20.0 0.9 4.9 2.3 62,080 Bachelor's degree 3 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
Agricultural and food science technicians
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Agriculture Technician
* Agronomy Technician
* Artificial Breeding Technician
* Cotton Program Technician
* Dairy Lab Technician
* Dairy Technician
* Dairy Technologist
* Feed Mill Lab Technician
* Feed Research Technician
* Food Quality Technician
* Food Science Technician
* Seed Analyst
* Sugarcane Research Technician
* Weed Science Research Technician

19-4011 27.5 29.2 1.7 6.3 3.0 37,550 Associate's degree 4 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Agricultural engineers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Agricultural Engineer
* Agricultural Production Engineer
* Agricultural Research Engineer
* Farm Equipment Engineer
* Research Agricultural Engineer

17-2021 2.7 2.9 0.2 8.1 0.2 73,640 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Agricultural equipment operators
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Cane Flume Chute Operator
* Combine Driver
* Combine Operator
* Corn Detasseler Machine Operator
* Cotton Ginner
* Cotton Picker Operator
* Custom Harvester
* Farm Tractor Operator
* Hay Baler
* Hay Stacker Operator
* Rake Operator
* Replanting Machine Operator
* Tractor Operator
* Wheat Combine Driver

45-2091 63.9 67.5 3.6 5.6 10.2 28,850 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Agricultural inspectors
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Cattle Examiner
* Cattle Inspector
* Grain Sampler
* Meat and Poultry Inspector
* Milk Tester
* Wheat Inspector

45-2011 15.6 16.3 0.7 4.6 2.2 42,800 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Agricultural sciences teachers, postsecondary
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Agricultural Soil Conservation Professor
* Agronomy Professor
* Animal Husbandry Professor
* Animal Science Professor
* Aquaculture and Fisheries Professor
* Farm Management Professor
* Floriculture Professor
* Horticulture Instructor
* Olericulture Professor

25-1041 12.6 13.6 0.9 7.5 1.1 91,580 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 None 6
Agricultural workers, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Crop Scout
* Irrigation Worker
* Livestock Showman

45-2099 11.6 12.1 0.5 4.5 1.8 31,160 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Air traffic controllers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Air Traffic Control Operator
* Air Traffic Control Specialist
* Air Traffic Controller
* Air Traffic Coordinator
* Airport Tower Controller
* Control Tower Operator
* Enroute Controller

53-2021 24.9 25.8 0.9 3.5 2.4 122,410 Associate's degree 4 None 4 Long-term on-the-job training 3
Aircraft cargo handling supervisors
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Air Cargo Ground Crew Supervisor
* Air Cargo Ground Operations Supervisor
* Air Cargo Supervisor
* Aircraft Loadmaster
* Airport Ramp Supervisor

53-1011 7.6 8.1 0.5 5.9 0.8 47,360 High school diploma or equivalent 7 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
Aircraft mechanics and service technicians
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* A&P Mechanic
* Aircraft Engine Mechanic
* Aircraft Engine Specialist
* Airframe Mechanic
* Airframe and Power Plant Mechanic
* Airplane Rigger
* FAA Certified Powerplant Mechanic
* Flight Test Mechanic
* Helicopter Mechanic
* Jet Engine Mechanic
* Propeller-Driven Airplane Mechanic

49-3011 132.0 138.4 6.4 4.9 10.8 60,170 Postsecondary nondegree award 5 None 4 None 6
Aircraft structure, surfaces, rigging, and systems assemblers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Aircraft De-Icer Installer
* Aircraft Fuselage Framer
* Aircraft Layout Worker
* Aircraft Line Assembler
* Aircraft Part Assembler
* Aircraft Riveter
* Aircraft Sheet Metal Mechanic
* Helicopter Airframe Mechanic
* Propeller Layout Worker
* Wing Coverer

51-2011 41.8 34.5 -7.3 -17.4 3.2 50,050 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Airfield operations specialists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Aviation Operations Specialist
* Flight Operations Coordinator

53-2022 8.9 9.7 0.8 8.8 0.9 48,910 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Long-term on-the-job training 3
Airline pilots, copilots, and flight engineers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Airline Captain
* Airline Pilot
* Airline Pilot Flight Instructor
* Airline Pilot In Command
* Airline Pilot Second In Command
* Airline Transport Pilot
* Charter Pilot (Air Transport Pilot Certificate Required)
* Charter Pilot (Airline)
* Regional Airline Pilot

53-2011 84.0 86.9 2.9 3.4 8.1 127,820 Bachelor's degree 3 Less than 5 years 2 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Ambulance drivers and attendants, except emergency medical technicians
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Ambulance Attendant
* Emergency Medical Services (EMS) Driver
* Emergency Medical Services Driver

53-3011 17.3 21.1 3.8 21.9 3.1 23,850 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Amusement and recreation attendants
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Amusement Park Worker
* Animal Ride Attendant
* Arcade Attendant
* Carnival Worker
* Ferris Wheel Operator
* Golf Caddy
* Ice Rink Attendant
* Ride Operator
* Rides Attendant
* Ski Lift Attendant
* Ski Lift Operator
* Sports Complex Attendant

39-3091 300.0 327.8 27.8 9.3 73.2 20,160 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Anesthesiologists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Anaesthesiologist
* Anesthesiologist
* Anesthetist
* Attending Anesthesiologist
* Obstetrical Anesthesiologist
* Staff Anesthetist

29-1061 33.0 38.9 5.9 17.8 1.5 >=208,000 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 Internship/residency 1
Animal breeders
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Animal Breeder
* Cat Breeder
* Dairy Husbandry Worker
* Dog Breeder
* Equine Breeder
* Horse Breeder
* Livestock Breeder
* Poultry Inseminator
* Stallion Manager

45-2021 9.0 9.2 0.2 2.0 1.4 35,690 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Animal control workers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Animal Control Officer
* Animal Cruelty Investigator
* Animal Treatment Investigator
* Animal Warden
* Dog Catcher
* Dog Warden
* Humane Officer

33-9011 13.4 14.6 1.1 8.4 1.6 34,550 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Animal scientists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Animal Geneticist
* Animal Nutritionist
* Animal Scientist
* Beef Cattle Nutritionist
* Dairy Scientist
* Poultry Scientist
* Swine Genetics Researcher

19-1011 6.1 6.4 0.4 6.0 0.7 60,330 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Animal trainers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Animal Trainer
* Dog Handler
* Dog Trainer
* Dolphin Trainer
* Guide Dog Instructor
* Guide Dog Mobility Instructor
* Guide Dog Trainer
* Horse Breaker
* Licensed Guide Dog Instructor
* Lion Trainer
* Marine Mammal Trainer
* Seeing Eye Dog Trainer

39-2011 54.9 60.7 5.9 10.7 7.0 27,690 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Anthropologists and archeologists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Anthropologist
* Applied Anthropologist
* Archaeologist
* Ethnoarchaeologist
* Medical Anthropologist
* Physical Anthropologist
* Political Anthropologist
* Research Anthropologist
* Research Archaeologist

19-3091 7.6 7.9 0.3 3.3 0.7 63,190 Master's degree 2 None 4 None 6
Anthropology and archeology teachers, postsecondary
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Cultural Anthropology Professor
* Ethnoarchaeology Professor
* Near East Archeology Professor
* Paleology Professor
* Sociocultural Anthropology Professor

25-1061 7.1 7.8 0.7 10.0 0.6 81,350 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 None 6
Appraisers and assessors of real estate
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Assessor
* City Assessor
* County Assessor
* Land Appraiser
* Personal Property Assessor
* Property Appraiser
* Real Estate Appraiser
* Real Estate Assessor
* Real Property Evaluator
* Residential Fee Appraiser
* Tax Assessor

13-2021 80.8 92.4 11.6 14.4 6.7 51,850 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 Long-term on-the-job training 3
Arbitrators, mediators, and conciliators
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Alternative Dispute Resolution Coordinator
* Mediation Commissioner
* Ombudsman

23-1022 7.8 8.7 0.9 11.3 0.4 59,770 Bachelor's degree 3 Less than 5 years 2 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Architects, except landscape and naval
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Building Architect
* Building Architectural Designer
* Structural Architect

17-1011 128.8 133.9 5.1 4.0 9.7 76,930 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 Internship/residency 1
Architectural and civil drafters
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Architectural Drafter
* Building Drafter
* Civil Computer-Aided Design and Drafting Technician
* Civil Drafter
* Structural Drafter

17-3011 99.6 107.7 8.0 8.1 9.5 51,640 Associate's degree 4 None 4 None 6
Architectural and engineering managers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Electrical Engineering Director
* Engineering Design Manager
* Engineering Manager
* Engineering Research Manager
* Global Engineering Manager
* Mechanical Engineering Director
* Process Engineering Manager

11-9041 180.1 190.0 9.9 5.5 13.6 134,730 Bachelor's degree 3 5 years or more 1 None 6
Architecture teachers, postsecondary
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Architectural Design Professor
* Architecture Professor
* Interior Design Professor
* Landscape Architecture Professor

25-1031 9.5 10.5 1.0 10.6 0.8 79,250 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 None 6
Archivists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Archivist
* Digital Archivist
* Film Archivist
* Historical Records Administrator
* Image Archivist
* Museum Archivist
* Processing Archivist
* Reference Archivist
* State Archivist

25-4011 6.8 7.8 1.0 14.3 0.8 50,500 Master's degree 2 None 4 None 6
Area, ethnic, and cultural studies teachers, postsecondary
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* African Studies Professor
* Asian Studies Professor
* Black Studies Professor
* Ethnology Professor
* Gender Studies Professor
* Latin American Studies Professor
* Women's Studies Professor

25-1062 11.5 12.7 1.2 10.5 1.0 73,020 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 None 6
Art directors
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Art Director
* Magazine Designer

27-1011 90.3 97.0 6.7 7.4 8.0 89,820 Bachelor's degree 3 5 years or more 1 None 6
Art, drama, and music teachers, postsecondary
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Ballet Professor
* Graphic Design Professor
* Music Professor
* Photography Professor
* Piano Performance and Pedagogy Professor
* Piano Professor
* Scene and Lighting Design Lecturer
* Stagecraft Professor
* Theatre Professor
* Voice Professor

25-1121 122.5 137.2 14.7 12.0 11.2 68,650 Master's degree 2 None 4 None 6
Artists and related workers, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Calligrapher
* Tattoo Artist

27-1019 12.8 13.7 0.9 6.9 1.1 61,360 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Long-term on-the-job training 3
Assemblers and fabricators, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Air Bag Builder
* Auto Battery Builder
* Barrel Straightener
* Crate Builder
* Doll Maker
* Lure Maker
* Quilt Stuffer

51-2099 232.4 200.3 -32.2 -13.8 21.7 28,550 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Astronomers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Astronomer
* Astrophysicist

19-2011 2.0 2.2 0.2 10.0 0.2 104,740 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 None 6
Athletes and sports competitors
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* All Terrain Vehicle Racer
* Athlete
* Auto Racer
* Baseball Pitcher
* Baseball Player
* Basketball Player
* Bicycle Racer
* Bicyclist
* Billiard Player
* Bowler
* Bull Rider
* Car Racer
* Cyclist
* Dirt Bike Racer
* Drag Car Racer
* Figure Skater
* Football Player
* Golfer
* Hockey Player
* Horse Racer
* Ice Skater
* Jockey
* Kick Boxer
* Motocross Racer
* National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing Driver
* Prize Fighter
* Professional Bass Fisher
* Professional Soccer Player
* Pugilist
* Race Car Driver
* Roller Skater
* Skater
* Skier
* Snowboarder
* Softball Player
* Stock Car Driver
* Surfer
* Swimmer
* Tennis Player
* Volleyball Player
* Wrestler

27-2021 11.8 12.7 0.8 7.2 1.7 47,710 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Long-term on-the-job training 3
Athletic trainers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Athletic Trainer
* Certified Athletic Trainer
* Clinical Athletic Instructor
* Resident Athletic Trainer

29-9091 27.8 34.0 6.2 22.2 2.2 45,630 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Atmospheric and space scientists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Atmospheric Chemist
* Atmospheric Scientist
* Climatologist
* Hurricane Tracker
* Meteorologist
* Oceanographic Meteorologist
* Space Scientist
* Storm Chaser
* Tornado Chaser
* Warning Coordination Meteorologist
* Weather Analyst
* Weather Forecaster
* Weatherman

19-2021 10.4 11.7 1.3 12.0 0.9 92,460 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Atmospheric, earth, marine, and space sciences teachers, postsecondary
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Climatology Professor
* Earth Science Professor
* Geology Professor
* Geoscience Professor
* Meteorology Professor
* Mineralogy Professor
* Oceanic Sciences Professor
* Oceanography Professor
* Volcanology Professor

25-1051 13.1 14.4 1.3 9.5 1.2 85,410 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 None 6
Audio and video equipment technicians
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Audio-Visual Production Specialist
* Event AV Operator
* Event Crew Technician
* Multimedia Production Assistant
* Video Control Operator
* Video Equipment Technician
* Video Production Assistant

27-4011 83.3 94.0 10.7 12.9 9.0 42,230 Postsecondary nondegree award 5 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Audio-visual and multimedia collections specialists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Audio-Visual Collections Coordinator
* Library Media Specialist
* Multimedia Services Coordinator

25-9011 11.3 12.3 1.0 8.7 1.1 47,840 Bachelor's degree 3 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
Audiologists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Audiologist
* Clinical Audiologist
* Dispensing Audiologist
* Educational Audiologist
* Hearing Therapist
* Licensed Audiologist
* Pediatric Audiologist

29-1181 14.8 17.8 3.0 20.4 1.0 75,980 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 None 6
Automotive and watercraft service attendants
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Auto Service Station Attendant
* Gas Pump Attendant
* Gas Station Attendant
* Gas and Oil Servicer
* Oil Changer
* Pump Jockey
* Service Station Attendant

53-6031 110.0 121.7 11.7 10.6 20.0 22,420 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Automotive body and related repairers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Auto Body Customizer
* Auto Body Technician
* Auto Body Worker
* Auto Bumper Straightener
* Body Shop Worker
* Body and Frame Technician
* Car Refinisher
* Truck Body Repairer
* Vehicle Body Sander

49-3021 160.4 174.3 13.9 8.7 17.2 41,540 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Long-term on-the-job training 3
Automotive glass installers and repairers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Auto Glass Installer
* Auto Glass Mechanic
* Automotive Glass Technician
* Automotive Glazier
* Windshield Installer
* Windshield Repair Technician

49-3022 19.6 20.9 1.3 6.6 2.1 34,340 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Automotive service technicians and mechanics
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Auto Clutch Rebuilder
* Auto Clutch Specialist
* Auto Radiator Specialist
* Auto Suspension and Steering Mechanic
* Auto Transmission Specialist
* Automotive Alignment Specialist
* Automotive Brake Adjuster
* Automotive Brake Specialist
* Automotive Brake Technician
* Automotive Fuel Injection Servicer
* Automotive Fuel Systems Converter
* Automotive Specialty Technician
* Hybrid Car Mechanic
* Motor Tune-Up Specialist

49-3023 749.9 797.5 47.6 6.3 75.9 38,470 Postsecondary nondegree award 5 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Avionics technicians
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Aircraft Armament Mechanic
* Aircraft Electrician
* Aircraft Instrument Mechanic
* Airplane Electrician
* Automatic Pilot Mechanic
* Aviation Electronics Technician
* In-Flight Refueling System Repairer

49-2091 17.5 18.6 1.1 6.0 1.5 60,760 Associate's degree 4 None 4 None 6
Baggage porters and bellhops
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Baggage Porter
* Bell Staff
* Bellperson
* Bellstaff
* Hotel Baggage Handler
* Luggage Attendant
* Redcap
* Skycap

39-6011 45.1 48.8 3.7 8.2 6.7 22,260 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Bailiffs
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Bailiff
* City Bailiff
* County Bailiff
* Court Bailiff
* Court Officer
* Court Security Officer
* Deputy Bailiff

33-3011 18.6 18.2 -0.4 -2.1 1.4 42,670 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Bakers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Bagel Maker
* Bread Baker
* Dough Maker
* Pastry Baker
* Pastry Finisher
* Pie Baker
* Pie Maker

51-3011 191.0 203.1 12.1 6.3 28.7 25,090 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Long-term on-the-job training 3
Barbers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Barber
* Barber Apprentice
* Master Barber

39-5011 56.4 61.6 5.2 9.2 5.8 25,760 Postsecondary nondegree award 5 None 4 None 6
Bartenders
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Barkeep
* Bartender
* Drink Mixer
* Mixologist
* Taproom Attendant

35-3011 611.2 626.3 15.1 2.5 102.3 20,800 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Bicycle repairers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Bicycle Mechanic
* Bicycle Repairer
* Bicycle Service Technician
* Bike Mechanic

49-3091 12.4 16.1 3.7 29.4 2.1 27,630 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Bill and account collectors
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Accounts Collector
* Bill Collector
* Billing Representative
* Collection Agent
* Collections Clerk
* Collections Representative
* Debt Collector
* Installment Agent
* Installment Loan Collector
* Insurance Collector
* Payment Collector
* Repossessor

43-3011 305.7 296.6 -9.1 -3.0 30.2 35,350 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Billing and posting clerks
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Billing Clerk
* Invoice Clerk
* Invoice Control Clerk
* Patient Account Representative
* Posting Clerk
* Statement Clerk
* Statement Distribution Clerk
* Statement Processor

43-3021 501.0 571.9 70.9 14.2 59.6 36,150 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Biochemists and biophysicists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Biochemist
* Biological Chemist
* Biophysicist
* Clinical Biochemist
* Physical Biochemist

19-1021 31.5 35.0 3.6 11.3 3.2 82,180 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 None 6
Biological science teachers, postsecondary
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Anatomy Professor
* Bacteriology Professor
* Biochemistry Professor
* Botany Professor
* Embryology Professor
* Microbiology Professor
* Zoology Professor

25-1042 62.3 71.7 9.4 15.1 6.0 76,650 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 None 6
Biological scientists, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Biologist
* Bryologist
* Embryologist
* Osteologist
* Paleobotanist
* Phytopathologist
* Plant Etiologist

19-1029 38.7 41.8 3.1 7.9 3.7 74,790 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Biological technicians
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Bacteriology Technician
* Biochemistry Technician
* Biology Laboratory Assistant
* Marine Fisheries Technician
* Microbiology Technician
* Wildlife Technician

19-4021 82.1 90.4 8.4 10.2 8.9 42,520 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Biomedical engineers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Bio-Mechanical Engineer
* Biochemical Engineer
* Biomaterials Engineer
* Biomedical Engineer
* Dialysis Engineer
* Genetic Engineer

17-2031 21.3 22.8 1.5 7.2 1.6 85,620 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Boilermakers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Boiler Fitter
* Boiler Installer
* Boiler Mechanic
* Boiler Setter
* Boiler Tester
* Boilermaker
* Boilermaker Mechanic

47-2011 17.2 18.6 1.4 8.4 1.9 62,060 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Apprenticeship 2
Bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Accounts Receivable Assistant
* Accounts Receivable Clerk
* Auditing Clerk
* Bookkeeper
* Fixed Capital Clerk
* Foreign Exchange Position Clerk
* Mortgage Accounting Clerk

43-3031 1,730.5 1,706.9 -23.5 -1.4 186.6 38,390 Some college, no degree 6 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Brickmasons and blockmasons
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Adobe Layer
* Block Layer
* Blockmason
* Brick Chimney Builder
* Brick Setter
* Bricklayer
* Brickmason
* Brickmason Apprentice
* Firebrick Layer
* Furnace Mason
* Pottery Kiln Builder
* Refractory Bricklayer

47-2021 91.1 100.8 9.7 10.6 9.1 49,250 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Apprenticeship 2
Bridge and lock tenders
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Bridge Operator
* Bridge Tender
* Dam Tender
* Lighthouse Keeper
* Lock and Dam Operator

53-6011 3.7 3.8 0.2 4.9 0.4 49,090 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Broadcast news analysts
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* News Anchor
* News Commentator
* Newscaster

27-3021 5.7 5.6 -0.1 -1.0 0.5 56,680 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Broadcast technicians
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Audio Engineer
* Broadcast Engineer
* Broadcast Maintenance Engineer
* Broadcast Operations Engineer
* Radio Station Audio Engineer
* Radio/Television Technician
* Remote Broadcast Engineer
* Telecasting Engineer
* Television Audio Engineer

27-4012 34.0 32.9 -1.1 -3.2 2.9 38,550 Associate's degree 4 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Brokerage clerks
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Brokerage Clerk
* Brokerage Purchase-and-Sale Clerk
* Commodities Clerk
* Dividend Clerk
* Securities Clerk

43-4011 60.4 63.4 3.0 5.0 6.6 49,200 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Budget analysts
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Budget Analyst
* Budget Coordinator
* Budget Examiner
* Budget Officer
* Cost Analyst

13-2031 58.4 62.2 3.8 6.5 4.8 73,840 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Building cleaning workers, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Building Pressure Washer
* Chimney Sweep
* Chimney Sweeper

37-2019 16.2 18.3 2.0 12.6 2.4 29,700 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Bus and truck mechanics and diesel engine specialists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Biodiesel Engine Specialist
* Diesel Engine Fitter
* Diesel Service Technician
* Marine Diesel Technician
* School Bus Mechanic
* Tractor Trailer Mechanic
* Truck Engine Technician

49-3031 278.8 305.3 26.5 9.5 28.3 45,170 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Long-term on-the-job training 3
Bus drivers, school or special client
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* School Bus Driver
* School Bus Operator
* Special Education Bus Driver

53-3022 507.9 534.5 26.6 5.2 64.8 30,150 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Bus drivers, transit and intercity
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Charter Coach Driver
* Motor Coach Bus Driver
* Motor Coach Driver
* Motor Coach Tour Operator
* Public Transit Bus Driver
* Public Transit Trolley Driver

53-3021 179.3 195.1 15.9 8.8 23.9 39,790 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Business operations specialists, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Mystery Shopper
* Ship Purser

13-1199 1,023.9 1,114.1 90.2 8.8 104.2 69,040 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Business teachers, postsecondary
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Accounting Professor
* Banking and Finance Instructor
* Business Administration Professor
* Finance Professor
* Management Professor
* Marketing Instructor
* Marketing Professor

25-1011 104.2 123.0 18.9 18.1 10.4 77,490 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 None 6
Butchers and meat cutters
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Butcher
* Butcher Apprentice
* Halal Butcher
* Kosher Butcher
* Meat Carver
* Meat Clerk
* Meat Counter Worker

51-3021 135.7 143.4 7.7 5.7 17.7 29,870 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Long-term on-the-job training 3
Buyers and purchasing agents, farm products
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Cattle Buyer
* Cotton Broker
* Cotton Buyer
* Fruit Buyer
* Grain Buyer
* Hog Buyer
* Livestock Buyer
* Oyster Buyer
* Purchasing Agent, Cotton, Grain, Livestock, Other Farm Products
* Tobacco Buyer

13-1021 13.7 12.9 -0.8 -5.9 1.4 58,430 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Cabinetmakers and bench carpenters
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Cabinet Builder
* Cabinetmaker
* Marquetry Worker
* Wood Furniture Assembler
* Wood Working Assembler

51-7011 109.3 113.0 3.7 3.4 11.7 33,050 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Camera and photographic equipment repairers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Aircraft Photographic Equipment Repairer
* Camera Machinist
* Camera Repair Technician
* Camera Repairer
* Photographic Equipment Technician

49-9061 4.0 4.2 0.1 3.3 0.4 41,060 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Long-term on-the-job training 3
Camera operators, television, video, and motion picture
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Cinematographer
* Electronic News Gathering Camera Operator
* Motion Picture Camera Operator
* Movie Shot Camera Operator
* News Camera Operator
* News Videographer
* Television Camera Operator
* Video Camera Operator

27-4031 25.1 26.7 1.6 6.4 2.6 55,080 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Captains, mates, and pilots of water vessels
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Barge Captain
* Barge Master
* Boat Pilot
* Car Ferry Captain
* Car Ferry Master
* Coastal Tug Mate
* Deck Officer
* Docking Pilot
* Ferry Boat Captain
* Ferry Captain
* Ferryboat Captain
* First Mate
* Harbor Boat Pilot
* Harbor Pilot
* Harbor Tug Captain
* Port Captain
* River Boat Captain
* River Pilot
* Sailboat Captain
* Ship Harbor Pilot
* Tow Boat Captain
* Towboat Pilot
* Tug Boat Captain
* Tugboat Captain
* Tugboat Mate
* Tugboat Operator
* Tugboat Pilot

53-5021 38.8 42.2 3.4 8.8 4.4 72,680 Postsecondary nondegree award 5 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
Cardiovascular technologists and technicians
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory Technologist
* Cardiac Catheterization Technologist
* Cardiac Monitor Technician
* Cardiac Technician
* Cardiopulmonary Technologist
* Cardiovascular Interventional Technologist
* Cardiovascular Technologist
* EKG Technician
* Echocardiogram Technician
* Echocardiographer
* Echocardiographic Technologist
* Echocardiography Technician
* Echocardiology Technologist
* Electrocardiogram Technician
* Electrocardiograph Operator
* Pulmonary Function Technologist

29-2031 55.0 60.5 5.4 9.9 3.5 55,570 Associate's degree 4 None 4 None 6
Career/technical education teachers, middle school
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Middle School Vocational Education Teacher

25-2023 12.7 13.6 0.9 7.3 1.0 57,560 Bachelor's degree 3 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
Career/technical education teachers, secondary school
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* High School Auto Repair Teacher
* High School Vocational Education Teacher

25-2032 78.7 83.7 5.0 6.4 6.0 57,320 Bachelor's degree 3 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
Cargo and freight agents
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Cargo Agent
* Cargo Router
* Freight Agent
* Freight Shipping Agent
* Ramp Service Agent

43-5011 89.8 99.1 9.3 10.4 8.6 41,920 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Carpenters
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Beam Builder
* Building Carpenter
* Construction Carpenter
* Counter Installer
* Custom Wood Stair Builder
* Finish Carpenter
* Hardwood Floor Installer
* House Carpenter
* Wood Floor Layer

47-2031 1,025.6 1,112.6 87.0 8.5 104.9 43,600 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Apprenticeship 2
Carpet installers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Carpet Installer
* Carpet Layer
* Commercial Carpet Installer
* Residential Carpet Installer
* Wall-to-Wall Carpet Installer

47-2041 40.4 44.4 3.9 9.8 3.9 38,280 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Cartographers and photogrammetrists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Cadastral Mapper
* Digital Cartographer
* Engineer, Photogrammetric
* Map Maker
* Mapper
* Orthophotography Technician
* Photo Cartographer
* Photogrammetrist
* Topographer

17-1021 12.6 15.0 2.4 19.4 1.2 62,750 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Cashiers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Cash Register Operator
* Check Out Cashier
* Fare Collector
* Grocery Checker
* Hotel Dining Room Cashier
* Snack Bar Cashier
* Toll Booth Operator
* Toll Collector

41-2011 3,555.5 3,526.0 -29.5 -0.8 653.9 20,180 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Cement masons and concrete finishers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Cement Mason
* Cement Patcher
* Concrete Finisher
* Concrete Floor Installer
* Concrete Mason
* Concrete Smoother
* Concrete Swimming Pool Installer

47-2051 178.9 201.5 22.6 12.6 22.4 39,180 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Chefs and head cooks
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Banquet Chef
* Chef De Cuisine
* Chef De Froid
* Executive Chef
* Head Chef
* Kitchen Chef
* Master Chef
* Pastry Chef
* Sous Chef
* Sushi Chef

35-1011 146.5 160.5 14.1 9.6 20.3 43,180 High school diploma or equivalent 7 5 years or more 1 None 6
Chemical engineers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Absorption and Adsorption Engineer
* Chemical Process Engineer
* Chemical Research Engineer
* Fuels Engineer
* Oxidation Engineer
* Plastics Engineer
* Polymerization Engineer
* Refinery Process Engineer

17-2041 32.7 35.2 2.5 7.6 2.4 98,340 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Chemical equipment operators and tenders
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Acid Purification Equipment Operator
* Chemical Machine Tender
* Chemical Process Equipment Operator
* Chemical Processor
* Chemical Treatment Operator

51-9011 74.1 70.4 -3.6 -4.9 7.3 47,780 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Chemical plant and system operators
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Chemical Plant Operator
* Chemical Treatment Plant Technician
* Nitric Acid Plant Operator
* Nitrogen Operator
* Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Machine Operator

51-8091 33.2 30.1 -3.1 -9.2 2.8 59,920 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Chemical technicians
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Assayer
* Chemical Laboratory Technician
* Chemical Technician
* Inorganic Chemical Technician

19-4031 67.3 69.9 2.7 3.9 6.6 45,840 Associate's degree 4 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Chemistry teachers, postsecondary
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Chemistry Professor
* Inorganic Chemistry Professor
* Organic Chemistry Professor
* Physical Chemistry Professor
* Phytochemistry Professor

25-1052 26.3 28.9 2.6 9.9 2.3 76,750 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 None 6
Chemists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Agricultural Chemist
* Analytical Chemist
* Bench Chemist
* Food Chemist
* Formulary Chemist
* Industrial Chemist
* Inorganic Chemist
* Laboratory Chemist
* Nuclear Chemist
* Organic Chemist
* Quality Control Chemist
* Research and Development Chemist

19-2031 88.3 94.0 5.7 6.5 8.6 73,740 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Chief executives
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* CEO
* COO
* Chief Executive Officer
* Chief Operating Officer
* Commissioner of Internal Revenue
* County Commissioner
* Government Service Executive
* Governor
* Mayor

11-1011 308.9 298.2 -10.7 -3.5 20.1 181,210 Bachelor's degree 3 5 years or more 1 None 6
Child, family, and school social workers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* C-CYFSW
* Certified Children, Youth, and Family Social Worker
* Child Abuse Worker
* Child Protective Services Social Worker
* Child Protective Services Specialist
* Child Welfare Social Worker
* Child Welfare Worker
* Child and Family Services Worker
* Family Preservation Caseworker
* Family Preservation Worker
* Family Service Caseworker
* Foster Care Social Worker
* Foster Care Worker
* School Social Worker

21-1021 317.6 359.7 42.1 13.3 37.9 43,250 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Childcare workers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Au Pair
* Baby Sitter
* Before and After School Daycare Worker
* Childcare Aide
* Childcare Attendant
* Childcare Worker
* Day Care Attendant
* Day Care Worker
* Daycare Aide
* Daycare Provider
* Governess
* Nanny
* Nursery Day Care Worker
* Playground Aide

39-9011 1,216.6 1,298.7 82.1 6.7 188.8 21,170 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Chiropractors
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Chiropractic Doctor
* Chiropractic Physician
* Chiropractor

29-1011 47.4 52.4 5.0 10.5 1.7 67,520 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 None 6
Choreographers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Choreographer
* Dance Director
* Dance Master

27-2032 6.9 7.1 0.2 3.2 1.0 48,240 High school diploma or equivalent 7 5 years or more 1 Long-term on-the-job training 3
Civil engineering technicians
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Civil Engineering Technician
* Concrete Engineering Technician
* Geotechnical Engineering Technician
* Highway Engineering Technician
* Structural Engineering Technician
* Transportation Engineering Technician

17-3022 74.5 81.1 6.6 8.8 7.2 49,980 Associate's degree 4 None 4 None 6
Civil engineers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Architectural Engineer
* Bridge Engineer
* Civil Engineer
* Construction Engineer
* Facilities Engineer
* Geotechnical Engineer
* Highway Engineer
* Hydrographic Engineer
* Railroad Design Consultant
* Research Hydraulic Engineer
* Structural Engineer

17-2051 303.5 335.7 32.1 10.6 25.9 83,540 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Claims adjusters, examiners, and investigators
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Claims Analyst
* Fire Claims Adjuster
* Health Claims Examiner
* Health Insurance Adjuster
* Independent Insurance Adjuster
* Medical Claims Analyst
* Medical Claims Examiner
* Property Damage Claims Adjustor
* Property and Casualty Insurance Claims Examiner
* Reinsurance Claims Analyst
* Workers Compensation Claims Adjuster
* Workers Compensation Claims Examiner

13-1031 311.1 306.6 -4.5 -1.5 24.5 63,680 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Long-term on-the-job training 3
Cleaners of vehicles and equipment
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Aircraft Cleaner
* Auto Cleaner
* Auto Detailer
* Automobile Detailer
* Beer Coil Cleaner
* Boat Detailer
* Bus Cleaner
* Bus Washer
* Car Wash Attendant
* Car Washer
* Equipment Cleaner
* Machine Cleaner
* Railroad Car Cleaner
* Truck Washer

53-7061 369.2 409.1 39.9 10.8 57.8 22,220 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Cleaning, washing, and metal pickling equipment operators and tenders
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Acid Dipper
* Bottle Washing Machine Operator
* Degreaser Operator
* Glass Cleaning Machine Tender
* Immersion Metal Cleaner
* Metal Pickling Equipment Operator
* Pickle House Operator

51-9192 17.2 17.3 0.1 0.4 2.2 28,550 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Clergy
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Cantor
* Children's Pastor
* College Chaplain
* Hebrew Cantor
* Hospital Chaplain
* Imam
* Minister
* Parish Priest
* Pastor
* Priest
* Rabbi
* Reverend
* Vicar
* Youth Pastor

21-2011 243.9 263.6 19.6 8.0 29.2 45,740 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Clinical, counseling, and school psychologists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Child Psychologist
* Child Psychometrist
* Clinical Psychologist
* Eating Disorder Psychologist
* Educational Psychologist
* Geropsychologist
* Pediatric Psychologist
* School Psychologist
* School Psychometrist
* Vocational Psychologist

19-3031 147.5 168.4 20.9 14.2 12.1 73,270 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 Internship/residency 1
Coaches and scouts
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Athletic Coach
* Baseball Coach
* Baseball Scout
* Basketball Coach
* Boxing Trainer
* Coach
* Football Coach
* Hockey Scout
* Ice Skating Coach
* Riding Coach
* Ski Coach
* Tennis Coach
* Tennis Instructor

27-2022 276.1 311.2 35.1 12.7 42.0 31,460 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Coating, painting, and spraying machine setters, operators, and tenders
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Electrostatic Paint Operator
* Lacquer Spray Booth Operator
* Paint Line Operator
* Spraying Machine Operator

51-9121 89.9 90.1 0.2 0.2 9.3 32,790 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Coil winders, tapers, and finishers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Coil Builder
* Coil Former
* Coil Winder
* Motor Rewinder
* Motor Winder
* Multiple Coil Winder
* Rotor Coil Taper
* Wire Coiler
* Wire Winder
* Wire Winding Machine Tender

51-2021 14.1 11.2 -2.9 -20.6 1.2 33,940 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Coin, vending, and amusement machine servicers and repairers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Arcade Games Mechanic
* Coin Box Collector
* Juke Box Mechanic
* Parking Meter Collector
* Slot Machine Mechanic
* Slot Technician
* Stamp Machine Servicer
* Vending Machine Filler

49-9091 36.6 32.1 -4.6 -12.4 3.3 33,070 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Mess Attendant

35-3021 3,452.2 4,032.1 579.9 16.8 736.0 19,440 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Commercial and industrial designers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Automobile Designer
* Bank Note Designer
* Bicycle Designer
* Car Body Designer
* Ceramic Designer
* Ceramic Mold Designer
* Furniture Designer
* Package Designer
* Rug Designer
* Snowboard Designer
* Textile Designer
* Tile Designer
* Toy Designer

27-1021 39.7 41.6 2.0 5.0 3.9 67,790 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Commercial divers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Commercial Diver
* Marine Diver
* Non Destructive Testing Underwater Welder
* Salvage Diver
* Scuba Diver
* Submarine Diver
* Underwater Welder

49-9092 4.1 4.5 0.4 10.6 0.4 49,090 Postsecondary nondegree award 5 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Commercial pilots
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Aerial Crop Duster
* Aerial Hurricane Hunter
* Aerial Sprayer
* Agricultural Pilot
* Air Ambulance Captain
* Air Tour Pilot
* Balloon Pilot
* Charter Pilot (Commercial Pilot Certificate Required)
* Charter Pilot (Commercial)
* Commercial Helicopter Pilot
* Corporate Pilot
* EMS Helicopter Pilot
* Emergency Medical Service Helicopter Pilot
* Emergency Medical Service Rotary Wing Pilot
* Executive Pilot
* Flight Instructor (Commercial Pilots)
* Helicopter Pilot

53-2012 40.8 42.3 1.5 3.8 4.0 77,200 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Communications equipment operators, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Communications Equipment Operator
* Facsimile Machine Operator
* Fax Machine Operator
* Telegraph and Teletype Operator
* Telex Operator

43-2099 2.4 2.6 0.2 10.4 0.3 39,640 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Communications teachers, postsecondary
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Interpersonal Communications Professor
* Journalism Professor
* Media Arts Professor
* Professor of Communication and Writing
* Professor of Rhetoric
* Public Speaking Professor
* Speech Professor

25-1122 34.1 37.5 3.4 10.0 3.0 65,640 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 None 6
Community and social service specialists, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Community Organization Worker
* Veterans Service Officer

21-1099 100.3 113.5 13.2 13.2 14.1 43,120 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Community health workers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* CHW
* Community Health Advisor
* Community Health Representative
* Community Health Worker
* Lay Health Advocate
* Peer Health Promoter
* Promotor(a)

21-1094 57.5 67.8 10.4 18.1 8.5 37,330 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Compensation and benefits managers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Compensation Director
* Employee Benefits Coordinator
* Employee Benefits Director
* Employee Benefits Manager
* Wage and Salary Administrator

11-3111 15.8 16.6 0.8 5.0 1.2 116,240 Bachelor's degree 3 5 years or more 1 None 6
Compensation, benefits, and job analysis specialists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Benefits Analyst
* Compensation Analyst
* Compensation Specialist
* Employee Benefits Specialist
* Job Analyst
* Job Specification Writer
* Occupational Analyst
* Pension Administrator
* Position Classification Specialist
* Retirement Plan Specialist

13-1141 84.2 91.3 7.2 8.5 7.7 62,080 Bachelor's degree 3 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
Compliance officers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Air Pollution Compliance Inspector
* Compliance Investigator
* Driver's License Examiner
* EEO Officer
* Environmental Compliance Inspector
* Equal Employment Opportunity Investigator
* Equal Employment Opportunity Officer
* Equal Employment Opportunity Representative
* Immigration Investigator
* Inspector of Weights and Measures
* License Inspector
* Mortician Investigator
* Wage and Hour Investigator

13-1041 288.3 312.0 23.7 8.2 25.9 66,540 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Computer and information research scientists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Computational Theory Scientist
* Computer Scientist
* Control System Computer Scientist
* Programming Methodology and Languages Researcher

15-1111 27.9 33.2 5.4 19.2 2.5 111,840 Master's degree 2 None 4 None 6
Computer and information systems managers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Application Development Director
* Chief Technology Officer
* Computer Operations Manager
* Computer Security Manager
* Data Operations Director
* Data Processing Manager
* Information Systems Director
* Information Systems Manager
* Information Technology Director
* Information Technology Systems Director
* Internet Technology Manager
* MIS Director
* Management Information Systems Director

11-3021 367.6 411.4 43.8 11.9 32.5 135,800 Bachelor's degree 3 5 years or more 1 None 6
Computer hardware engineers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Computer Hardware Designer
* Computer Hardware Developer
* Computer Hardware Engineer

17-2061 73.6 77.6 4.0 5.5 5.1 115,080 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Computer network architects
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Computer Network Engineer
* Network Designer
* Network Developer
* Network Engineer

15-1143 162.7 173.1 10.4 6.4 11.7 101,210 Bachelor's degree 3 5 years or more 1 None 6
Computer network support specialists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Network Diagnostic Support Specialist
* Network Support Technician
* Network Technician

15-1152 198.8 214.8 16.1 8.1 16.5 62,670 Associate's degree 4 None 4 None 6
Computer numerically controlled machine tool programmers, metal and plastic
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Metal Numerical Control Programmer
* Metal Numerical Tool Programmer
* Plastic Numerical Tool and Process Control Programmer
* Sheet Metal Computer Numerically Controlled (CNC) Programmer

51-4012 25.1 29.2 4.1 16.3 3.1 50,580 Postsecondary nondegree award 5 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Computer occupations, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Computer Laboratory Technician

15-1199 287.2 313.1 25.9 9.0 22.3 86,510 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Computer operators
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Computer Peripheral Equipment Operator
* Computing Machine Operator
* Console Operator
* Information Systems Operator

43-9011 51.5 39.7 -11.8 -22.9 3.4 42,270 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Computer programmers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Applications Programmer
* Computer Language Coder
* Computer Programmer
* Junior Software Developer
* Mainframe Programmer
* Systems Programmer

15-1131 294.9 272.3 -22.6 -7.6 15.4 79,840 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Computer science teachers, postsecondary
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* C++ Professor
* Computer Information Systems Professor
* Computer Programming Professor
* IT Professor
* Information Systems Professor
* Information Technology Professor
* Java Programming Professor

25-1021 39.7 42.8 3.2 8.0 3.4 77,570 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 None 6
Computer systems analysts
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Applications Analyst
* Computer Systems Analyst
* Computer Systems Consultant
* Data Processing Systems Analyst
* Information Systems Analyst
* Information Systems Planner
* Programmer Analyst
* Systems Architect

15-1121 600.5 653.5 53.0 8.8 44.8 87,220 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Computer user support specialists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Computer Customer Support Specialist
* Computer Help Desk Representative
* Computer Help Desk Specialist
* Desktop Support Specialist
* End-User Support Specialist
* Help Desk Analyst
* Help Desk Technician
* PC Support Specialist

15-1151 636.6 707.6 71.1 11.2 55.4 49,390 Some college, no degree 6 None 4 None 6
Computer, automated teller, and office machine repairers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* ATM Servicer
* Cash Register Servicer
* Computer Repair Technician
* Computer Repairer
* Computer Service Technician
* Copier Technician
* Copying Machine Repairer
* Data Processing Equipment Repairer
* Photocopying Equipment Repairer
* Printer Repair Technician

49-2011 119.5 118.6 -0.8 -0.7 11.4 37,100 Some college, no degree 6 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Computer-controlled machine tool operators, metal and plastic
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Computer Numerically Controlled (CNC) Shot Peening Operator
* Jig Boring Machine Operator for Metal
* Metal CNC Operator
* Numerical Control Machine Operator, Metal and Plastic
* Plastic CNC Machine Operator
* Welding Robot Operator

51-4011 145.7 147.3 1.6 1.1 14.5 37,880 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Concierges
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Activities Concierge
* Club Concierge
* Concierge
* Conference Concierge
* Guest Service Supervisor
* Hotel Concierge
* Hotel Guest Service Agent

39-6012 32.5 36.2 3.7 11.3 5.0 29,250 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Conservation scientists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Conservation Science Officer
* Conservation Scientist
* Grassland Conservationist
* Land Reclamation Specialist
* Land Resource Specialist
* Range Conservationist
* Range Ecologist
* Range Scientist
* Resource Conservationist
* Soil Conservationist
* Water Conservationist

19-1031 22.3 23.8 1.5 6.5 2.0 61,810 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Construction and building inspectors
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Architectural Inspector
* Bridge Inspector
* Building Code Inspector
* Building Inspector
* Construction Inspector
* Electrical Inspector
* Elevator Inspector
* Highway Inspector
* Home Inspector
* Plumbing Inspector
* Public Works Inspector
* Residential Building Inspector

47-4011 105.1 115.6 10.5 9.9 12.7 58,480 High school diploma or equivalent 7 5 years or more 1 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Construction and related workers, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Aluminum Pool Installer
* Waterproofer

47-4099 42.7 46.9 4.2 9.9 5.1 36,890 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Construction laborers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Air Hammer Operator
* Construction Craft Laborer
* Construction Laborer
* Construction Trench Digger

47-2061 1,216.7 1,370.0 153.3 12.6 145.7 33,430 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Construction managers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Construction Coordinator
* Construction Superintendent
* General Contractor
* Masonry Contractor Administrator

11-9021 403.8 449.9 46.1 11.4 33.4 89,300 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Continuous mining machine operators
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Continuous Mining Machine Coal Miner
* Continuous Mining Machine Lode Miner
* Self-Propelled Mining Machine Operator

47-5041 12.3 11.8 -0.5 -3.9 1.4 51,840 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Control and valve installers and repairers, except mechanical door
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Air Valve Mechanic
* Electric Meter Installer
* Gas Meter Installer
* Gas Meter Mechanic
* Thermostat Repairer
* Valve Mechanic
* Water Meter Installer

49-9012 46.9 49.2 2.3 5.0 3.8 54,520 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Conveyor operators and tenders
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Ash Conveyor Operator
* Assembly Line Tender
* Chip Bin Conveyor Tender
* Conveyor Belt Operator
* Conveyor Tender
* Grain Elevator Operator
* Packing Line Operator

53-7011 28.1 27.7 -0.3 -1.2 3.7 31,410 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Cooks, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Falafel Cart Cook
* Fraternity House Cook

35-2019 17.8 19.4 1.6 9.0 2.7 27,120 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Cooks, fast food
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Fast Food Cook
* Fast Food Fry Cook
* Fryline Attendant

35-2011 517.6 490.5 -27.1 -5.2 67.2 19,860 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Cooks, institution and cafeteria
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Cafeteria Cook
* Camp Cook
* Galley Cook
* Institutional Cook
* Mess Cook
* School Cook

35-2012 424.8 457.4 32.6 7.7 64.4 24,750 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Cooks, private household
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Certified Personal Chef
* Personal Chef
* Private Chef

35-2013 25.0 26.4 1.4 5.7 3.7 32,060 Postsecondary nondegree award 5 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
Cooks, restaurant
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Banquet Cook
* Breakfast Cook
* Chef De Partie
* Line Cook
* Saucier
* Specialty Cook

35-2014 1,231.9 1,377.2 145.3 11.8 195.3 24,140 No formal educational credential 8 Less than 5 years 2 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Cooks, short order
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Griddle Attendant
* Griddle Cook
* Grill Cook
* Short Order Fry Cook
* Snack Bar Cook

35-2015 185.9 179.7 -6.2 -3.3 24.7 21,890 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Cooling and freezing equipment operators and tenders
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Ammonia Refrigeration Worker
* Chiller Operator
* Chiller Tender
* Freezer Operator
* Refrigerating Machine Operator
* Refrigeration Operator

51-9193 8.7 8.8 0.2 1.9 1.0 29,190 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Correctional officers and jailers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Certified Detention Deputy
* Convict Guard
* Correction Officer
* Correctional Guard
* Correctional Sergeant
* Detention Deputy
* Detention Officer
* Jail Guard
* Juvenile Corrections Officer
* Penal Officer
* Prison Guard
* Prison Officer

33-3012 450.0 415.5 -34.5 -7.7 31.3 42,820 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Correspondence clerks
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Claims Correspondence Clerk
* Correspondence Clerk
* Correspondence Representative
* Correspondence Transcriber
* Customer Service Correspondence Clerk
* Fan Mail Editor
* Medicare Correspondence Representative
* Student Loan Correspondent

43-4021 7.2 7.4 0.2 2.1 0.8 36,370 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Cost estimators
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Construction Estimator
* Construction Job Cost Estimator
* Crating and Moving Estimator
* Electrical Estimator
* Job Estimator
* Production Cost Estimator

13-1051 217.9 240.9 23.0 10.6 24.4 61,790 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Costume attendants
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Costume Attendant
* Theatrical Wardrobe Attendant
* Theatrical Wardrobe Dresser
* Wardrobe Assistant
* Wardrobe Attendant
* Wardrobe Custodian
* Wardrobe Dresser
* Wardrobe Supervisor

39-3092 6.6 7.3 0.6 9.7 1.6 45,900 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Counselors, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* AIDS Counselor
* Anger Control Counselor
* Grief Counselor
* HIV Counselor
* Sexual Assault Counselor

21-1019 31.8 36.3 4.5 14.3 3.9 44,350 Master's degree 2 None 4 None 6
Counter and rental clerks
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Airplane Charter Clerk
* Apartment Rental Clerk
* Automobile Rental Clerk
* Bicycle Rental Clerk
* Boat Rental Clerk
* Car Rental Agent
* Dry Cleaning Counter Clerk
* Layaway Clerk
* Rental Clerk
* Storage Facility Rental Clerk
* Video Rental Clerk

41-2021 458.2 483.4 25.1 5.5 61.8 25,550 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Counter attendants, cafeteria, food concession, and coffee shop
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Cafe Server
* Cafeteria Server
* Concession Stand Attendant
* Food Counter Worker
* Hot Dog Vender
* Ice Cream Server
* Snack Bar Attendant

35-3022 505.2 528.4 23.2 4.6 113.2 19,970 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Couriers and messengers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Bank Courier
* Bicycle Messenger
* Courier
* Court Messenger
* Laboratory Courier
* Office Messenger
* Office Runner

43-5021 95.0 103.0 8.0 8.4 9.7 28,170 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Court reporters
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Court Recording Monitor
* Court Stenographer
* Court Transcriber
* Deposition Reporter
* Stenocaptioner
* Voice Writing Reporter

23-2091 19.6 20.3 0.6 3.3 1.7 51,320 Postsecondary nondegree award 5 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Court, municipal, and license clerks
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Circuit Court Clerk
* City Clerk
* Court Clerk
* Courtroom Clerk
* Deputy Court Clerk
* Docket Clerk
* Dog Licenser
* License Clerk
* Motor Vehicle License Clerk
* Motor Vehicle Representative
* Municipal Clerk
* Tax Clerk
* Township Clerk
* Warrant Clerk

43-4031 135.5 144.4 8.9 6.6 12.6 36,670 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Craft artists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Furniture Artist
* Hand Potter
* Metal Arts Production Artist
* Quilter

27-1012 12.5 13.3 0.8 6.3 1.1 33,440 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Long-term on-the-job training 3
Crane and tower operators
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Boom Crane Operator
* Bridge Crane Operator
* Cherry Picker Operator
* Coal Tower Operator
* Electric Crane Operator
* Erecting Crane Operator
* Monorail Crane Operator
* Overhead Crane Operator
* Port Crane Operator
* Radio Control Crane Operator
* Scrap Crane Operator
* Tower Loader Operator
* Woodyard Crane Operator

53-7021 46.0 50.0 4.0 8.6 5.3 52,170 High school diploma or equivalent 7 Less than 5 years 2 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Credit analysts
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Chief Credit Analyst
* Credit Analyst
* Credit Assessment Analyst
* Credit Risk Analyst
* Factorer

13-2041 73.8 79.9 6.2 8.4 6.8 69,930 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Credit authorizers, checkers, and clerks
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Charge Authorizer
* Commercial Credit Reviewer
* Credit Authorizer
* Credit Charge Authorizer
* Credit Checker
* Credit Investigator
* Credit Processor
* Credit Rating Checker
* Credit Reference Clerk
* Credit Report Checker

43-4041 38.5 37.4 -1.1 -2.8 3.7 36,930 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Credit counselors
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Credit Counselor
* Debt Management Counselor
* Financial Assistance Advisor
* Loan Counselor

13-2071 38.3 43.7 5.3 13.9 3.8 44,380 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Criminal justice and law enforcement teachers, postsecondary
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Criminal Justice Professor
* Criminology Professor
* Penology Professor

25-1111 17.3 19.4 2.2 12.5 1.6 59,590 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 None 6
Crossing guards
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Construction Site Crossing Guard
* Crossing Guard
* School Crossing Guard
* School Traffic Guard

33-9091 74.3 80.6 6.3 8.5 14.5 26,700 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Crushing, grinding, and polishing machine setters, operators, and tenders
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Beveling and Edging Machine Operator
* Beveller Operator
* Blanchard Grinder Operator
* Crusher Plant Operator
* Cullet Crusher and Washer
* Industrial Coffee Grinder
* Marble and Granite Polisher
* Mix Crusher Operator
* Pulverizer Operator

51-9021 30.2 28.2 -2.0 -6.7 3.0 34,390 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Curators
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Collections Curator
* Collections and Archives Director
* Curator
* Educational Institution Curator
* Exhibitions and Collections Manager
* Herbarium Curator
* Museum Curator
* Photography and Prints Curator

25-4012 12.4 14.1 1.7 14.0 1.5 53,360 Master's degree 2 None 4 None 6
Customer service representatives
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Complaint Clerk
* Contact Center Specialist
* Customer Complaint Clerk
* Customer Contact Specialist
* Customer Relations Representative
* Customer Support Representative
* Gas Distribution and Emergency Clerk
* Passenger Relations Representative
* Policyholder Information Clerk
* Warranty Clerk

43-4051 2,784.5 2,920.5 136.0 4.9 373.4 32,300 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Cutters and trimmers, hand
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Fur Trimmer
* Hand Cloth Cutter
* Hand Fabric Cutter
* Portable Machine Cutter

51-9031 14.7 13.2 -1.5 -10.0 1.4 27,600 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Cutting and slicing machine setters, operators, and tenders
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Dog Food Shredder Operator
* Glass Cutting Machine Operator
* Insulation Cutter
* Paper Cutter
* Paper Slitter
* Rubber Trimmer
* Shearing Machine Tender
* Trimming Operator

51-9032 63.6 61.1 -2.5 -3.9 6.8 32,870 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Cutting, punching, and press machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Crimping Machine Operator for Metal
* Four Slide Machine Setter
* Metal Punch Press Operator
* Metal Slitter
* Metal Stamper

51-4031 192.7 175.9 -16.8 -8.7 18.9 32,370 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Dancers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Ballerina
* Ballet Company Member
* Ballet Dancer
* Ballet Soloist
* Burlesque Dancer
* Dance Artist
* Dancer
* Discotheque Dancer
* Exotic Dancer
* Go-Go Dancer
* Line Dancer
* Soft Shoe Dancer
* Tap Dancer

27-2031 13.5 14.1 0.7 5.0 1.9 N/A No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Long-term on-the-job training 3
Data entry keyers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Customs Entry Clerk
* Data Entry Clerk
* Data Input Clerk
* Data Keyer
* Data Processing Clerk
* Data Typist
* Key Punch Operator
* Keypunch Operator
* Keypuncher

43-9021 203.8 160.8 -43.1 -21.1 16.8 30,100 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Database administrators
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Automatic Data Processing Planner
* DBMS Specialist
* Database Administration Manager
* Database Coordinator
* Database Management System Specialist
* Database Security Administrator

15-1141 119.5 133.2 13.7 11.5 9.3 84,950 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Demonstrators and product promoters
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Home Demonstrator
* Home Service Demonstrator
* Hostess Party Sales Representative
* In-Store Demonstrator

41-9011 94.7 101.4 6.7 7.0 17.2 25,610 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Dental assistants
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Certified Dental Assistant
* Dental Aide
* Dental Assistant
* Expanded Functions Dental Assistant
* Orthodontic Assistant
* Orthodontist Assistant
* Registered Dental Assistant
* Surgical Dental Assistant

31-9091 332.0 396.6 64.6 19.5 45.9 36,940 Postsecondary nondegree award 5 None 4 None 6
Dental hygienists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Dental Hygienist
* Oral Hygienist
* RDH
* Registered Dental Hygienist

29-2021 207.9 248.8 40.9 19.6 17.5 72,910 Associate's degree 4 None 4 None 6
Dental laboratory technicians
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Crown Ceramist
* Crown and Bridge Dental Lab Technician
* Crown and Bridge Technician
* Dental Ceramist
* Dental Laboratory Worker
* Dental Mold Maker
* Dental Technician
* Orthodontic Technician

51-9081 38.1 43.7 5.5 14.5 5.0 37,680 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Dentists, all other specialists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Endodontist
* Maxillofacial Pathology
* Oral Pathologist
* Pediatric Dentist
* Pedodontist
* Periodontist
* Public Health Dentist

29-1029 6.4 7.2 0.8 12.0 0.3 173,000 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 Internship/residency 1
Dentists, general
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Family Dentist

29-1021 132.8 156.0 23.2 17.5 6.1 153,900 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 None 6
Derrick operators, oil and gas
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Derrick Operator
* Gas Derrick Operator
* Oil Derrick Operator
* Rotary Derrick Operator
* Well Service Derrick Worker

47-5011 11.1 13.9 2.8 25.7 1.8 48,130 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Designers, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Memorial Marker Designer

27-1029 9.0 9.5 0.6 6.4 0.9 53,380 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Desktop publishers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* DTP Operator
* Desktop Publisher
* Desktop Publishing Specialist
* Electronic Console Display Operator
* Electronic Imager
* Electronic Pagination System Operator
* Electronic Publisher
* Electronic Publishing Specialist

43-9031 14.6 12.6 -2.0 -13.9 1.3 41,090 Associate's degree 4 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Detectives and criminal investigators
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Criminal Investigator
* Deputy United States Marshal
* FBI Investigator
* Homicide Detective
* Narcotics Detective
* Narcotics Investigator
* Police Detective

33-3021 110.9 115.9 5.0 4.5 7.5 78,120 High school diploma or equivalent 7 Less than 5 years 2 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Diagnostic medical sonographers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Cardiac/Vascular Sonographer
* Diagnostic Medical Sonographer
* Registered Diagnostic Medical Sonographer
* Sonographer
* Ultrasonographer
* Ultrasound Technician
* Ultrasound Technologist

29-2032 67.3 82.9 15.6 23.2 5.4 69,650 Associate's degree 4 None 4 None 6
Dietetic technicians
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Clinical Dietetic Technician
* Cook Chill Technician
* DTR
* Dietary Aide
* Dietary Technician
* Dietetic Technician
* Nutrition Technician
* Registered Diet Technician

29-2051 33.4 36.5 3.1 9.3 3.0 26,350 Associate's degree 4 None 4 None 6
Dietitians and nutritionists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Clinical Dietitian
* Dietitian
* Nutritionist
* Pediatric Dietician
* Public Health Dietitian
* Public Health Nutritionist
* Research Dietitian
* Sports Nutritionist
* Therapeutic Dietitian

29-1031 68.0 77.6 9.6 14.1 5.3 58,920 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 Internship/residency 1
Dining room and cafeteria attendants and bartender helpers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Banquet Set Up Person
* Bar Back
* Barback
* Buffet Attendant
* Bus Person
* Busser
* Lunchroom Attendant

35-9011 431.2 461.7 30.5 7.1 78.2 20,200 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Directors, religious activities and education
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Campus Ministry Director
* Christian Education Minister
* Education Minister
* Parish Religious Education Director
* Religious Activities Director
* Religious Education Coordinator
* Religious Education Director
* Student Ministries Director
* Youth Ministry Director

21-2021 147.1 157.8 10.8 7.3 19.4 38,610 Bachelor's degree 3 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
Dishwashers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Dish Room Worker
* Dishwasher
* Silverware Cleaner

35-9021 514.3 536.6 22.2 4.3 83.0 20,800 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Dispatchers, except police, fire, and ambulance
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Airplane Dispatch Clerk
* Auto Service Dispatcher
* Bus Dispatcher
* Crew Dispatcher
* Maintenance Dispatcher
* School Bus Dispatcher
* Taxicab Dispatcher
* Tow Truck Dispatcher
* Train Dispatcher
* Truck Dispatcher

43-5032 201.7 201.7 0.0 0.0 18.0 37,940 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Door-to-door sales workers, news and street vendors, and related workers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Newspaper Carrier
* Newstand Vendor
* Peddler
* Souvenir Street Vendor

41-9091 82.4 87.5 5.2 6.3 9.4 24,330 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Drafters, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Blueprint Tracer
* Drafting Layout Worker
* Draughtsman
* Geological Drafter
* Marine Drafter

17-3019 15.9 17.2 1.3 7.9 1.5 50,470 Associate's degree 4 None 4 None 6
Dredge operators
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Dredge Deckhand
* Dredge Engineer
* Dredge Mate
* Dredge Operator
* Dredger

53-7031 1.8 1.9 0.1 5.3 0.2 42,420 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Drilling and boring machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Bore Mill Operator for Plastic
* Boring Mill Operator for Metal
* Drill Press Operator for Metal
* Horizontal Boring Mill Operator for Metal
* Radial Drill Operator for Plastic
* Radial Drill Press Operator for Plastic
* Reaming Machine Operator for Plastic

51-4032 12.3 9.9 -2.4 -19.4 0.9 36,410 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Driver/sales workers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Bakery Deliverer
* Bobtailer
* Delivery Sales worker
* Newspaper Deliverer
* Newspaper Delivery Driver
* Pizza Delivery Driver
* Route Sales Person
* Route Salesperson
* Sales Route Driver

53-3031 467.9 462.4 -5.5 -1.2 48.4 22,830 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Drywall and ceiling tile installers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Acoustical Ceiling Installer
* Drywall Applicator
* Drywall Finisher
* Drywall Hanger
* Drywall Installer
* Drywall Sander
* Drywall Stripper
* Drywall Worker
* Sheet Rock Applier
* Sheet Rock Hanger
* Sheet Rock Installer
* Sheet Rock Worker

47-2081 119.5 120.9 1.4 1.2 10.5 41,090 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Earth drillers, except oil and gas
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Blast Hole Driller
* Churn Drill Operator
* Churn Driller
* Earth Auger Operator
* Earth Boring Machine Operator
* Hard Rock Drill Operator
* Rock Drill Operator

47-5021 19.6 23.5 3.9 19.7 2.6 44,360 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Economics teachers, postsecondary
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Agricultural Economics Professor
* Econometrics Professor
* Industrial Economics Professor
* Labor Economics Professor
* Macroeconomics Professor
* Microeconomics Professor

25-1063 16.5 18.2 1.8 10.6 1.5 95,770 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 None 6
Economists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Agricultural Economist
* Econometrician
* Economic Development Specialist
* Economic Research Analyst
* Economist
* Environmental Economist
* Industrial Economist
* Labor Economist
* Price Economist
* Social Economist
* Tax Economist
* Trade Economist

19-3011 21.3 22.5 1.3 6.0 1.6 101,050 Master's degree 2 None 4 None 6
Editors
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Advertising Editor
* Art Editor
* Book Editor
* Copy Desk Chief
* Copy Editor
* Index Editor
* Manuscript Editor
* Newspaper Photo Editor
* Publications Editor
* Rewrite Editor
* Scientific Publications Editor
* Sports Editor
* Technical Editor

27-3041 127.4 127.3 -0.1 -0.1 12.3 57,210 Bachelor's degree 3 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
Education administrators, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

11-9039 38.4 42.4 4.0 10.4 3.4 78,210 Bachelor's degree 3 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
Education administrators, elementary and secondary school
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Elementary School Principal
* High School Principal
* Junior High School Principal
* K-12 School Principal
* K-8 School Principal
* Middle School Principal
* Secondary School Principal

11-9032 251.3 271.0 19.7 7.8 21.2 92,510 Master's degree 2 5 years or more 1 None 6
Education administrators, postsecondary
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Adult Basic Education Manager
* Continuing Education Director
* Graduate School Dean
* Graduate Studies Dean
* Provost
* University Administrator
* University Dean

11-9033 180.1 198.1 18.0 10.0 15.7 90,760 Master's degree 2 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
Education administrators, preschool and childcare center/program
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Childcare Center Administrator
* Childcare Center Director
* Early Head Start Director
* Head Start Director
* Prekindergarten Program Coordinator
* Preschool Director

11-9031 61.8 68.3 6.5 10.6 5.4 45,790 Bachelor's degree 3 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
Education teachers, postsecondary
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Counselor Education Professor
* Literacy Education Professor
* Mathematics Education Professor
* Primary Education Professor
* Science Education Professor
* Secondary Education Professor
* Special Education Professor

25-1081 74.5 82.2 7.7 10.3 6.6 62,520 Doctoral or professional degree 1 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
Education, training, and library workers, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* General Educational Development (GED) Examiner
* Individualized Education Plan (IEP) Aide
* Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) Grader

25-9099 112.7 124.5 11.8 10.5 11.7 42,600 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Educational, guidance, school, and vocational counselors
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Career Counselor
* Career Technical Counselor
* Education Counselor
* International Student Counselor
* School Adjustment Counselor
* School Guidance Counselor
* Student Advisor
* Student Development Advisor
* Student Services Counselor
* Student Success Counselor
* Study Abroad Advisor
* Vocational Adviser

21-1012 291.7 324.7 33.0 11.3 34.8 54,560 Master's degree 2 None 4 None 6
Electric motor, power tool, and related repairers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* AC/DC Rewinder
* Armature Rewinder
* Battery Repairer
* Dynamo Repairer
* Electric Motor Fitter
* Electric Motor Rewinder
* Electrical Parts Reconditioner

49-2092 17.3 18.6 1.2 7.0 1.8 41,570 High school diploma or equivalent 7 Less than 5 years 2 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Electrical and electronic equipment assemblers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Anode Builder
* Armature Assembler
* Battery Assembler
* Battery Builder
* Breaker Unit Assembler
* Circuit Board Assembler
* Computer Assembler
* Coping Machine Assembler
* Electric Motor Controls Assembler
* Electric Sign Assembler
* Electrical Assembler
* Electrical Controls Assembler
* Electronic Assembler
* Electronic Sensing Equipment Assembler
* Electronic Wirer
* Switchbox Assembler
* Transformer Assembler
* Transformer Maker

51-2022 218.9 173.6 -45.3 -20.7 18.2 31,310 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Electrical and electronics drafters
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Circuit Board Drafter
* Electrical Computer Aided Design and Drafting Technician
* Electrical Drafter
* Electrical Systems Drafter
* Electronic Drafter
* Printed Circuit Board Drafter

17-3012 27.4 29.2 1.8 6.7 2.5 59,970 Associate's degree 4 None 4 None 6
Electrical and electronics engineering technicians
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Electrical Design Technician
* Electrical Engineering Technician
* Electrical Power Station Technician
* Electronic Instrument Testing Technician
* Lighting Engineering Technician
* Programmable Logic Controller Programmer
* Semiconductor Development Technician

17-3023 137.0 139.8 2.8 2.0 12.0 62,190 Associate's degree 4 None 4 None 6
Electrical and electronics installers and repairers, transportation equipment
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Locomotive Electrician
* Marine Electronics Repairer
* Marine Electronics Technician

49-2093 13.9 14.3 0.4 2.9 1.3 59,280 Postsecondary nondegree award 5 None 4 Long-term on-the-job training 3
Electrical and electronics repairers, commercial and industrial equipment
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Industrial Aerial Installer
* Industrial Robotics Mechanic
* Missile Pad Mechanic
* Public Address System Mechanic

49-2094 68.3 69.9 1.6 2.4 6.1 56,250 Postsecondary nondegree award 5 None 4 Long-term on-the-job training 3
Electrical and electronics repairers, powerhouse, substation, and relay
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Generating Station Mechanic
* Power Transformer Repairer
* Powerhouse Electrician
* Protective Relay Technician
* Relay Technician
* Substation Electrician
* Substation Mechanic

49-2095 23.4 24.3 0.9 3.7 2.1 75,670 Postsecondary nondegree award 5 Less than 5 years 2 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Electrical engineers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Electrical Design Engineer
* Electrical Engineer
* Electrical Systems Engineer
* Illuminating Engineer
* Power Distribution Engineer

17-2071 188.3 204.5 16.2 8.6 13.9 94,210 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Electrical power-line installers and repairers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Electric Powerline Examiner
* Electric Utility Lineworker
* Electrical High Tension Tester
* Electrical Lineworker
* Power Lineworker
* Underground Conduit Installer

49-9051 120.9 137.7 16.8 13.9 11.7 68,010 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Long-term on-the-job training 3
Electricians
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Chief Electrician
* Control Electrician
* Electrical Maintenance Worker
* Electrical Sign Wirer
* House Wirer
* Licensed Electrician
* Lighting Fixture Installer
* Marine Electrician
* Master Electrician
* Solar Photovoltaic Electrician
* Stage Electrician

47-2111 666.9 727.0 60.1 9.0 82.1 52,720 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Apprenticeship 2
Electro-mechanical technicians
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Remotely Piloted Vehicle Engineering Technician
* Robotics Testing Technician

17-3024 13.8 14.3 0.5 3.5 1.2 55,610 Associate's degree 4 None 4 None 6
Electromechanical equipment assemblers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Electromechanical Assembler
* Electromechanical Equipment Assembler
* Microwave Oven Assembler
* Programmable Logic Controller Assembler
* Synchronous Motor Assembler
* Vacuum Cleaner Assembler
* Vending Machine Assembler

51-2023 45.7 36.0 -9.7 -21.3 3.8 33,350 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Electronic equipment installers and repairers, motor vehicles
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Auto Electrician
* Auto Phone Installer
* Auto Radio Mechanic
* Automotive Electrician
* Car Alarm Installer
* Car Stereo Installer
* GPS Car Navigation Installer
* Mobile Electronics Installation Specialist

49-2096 12.1 9.0 -3.0 -25.2 0.7 32,220 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Electronic home entertainment equipment installers and repairers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Cable Installation Technician
* Electric Organ Checker
* Electronic Musical Instrument Repairer
* Home Stereo Equipment Installer
* Home Theater Installer
* Satellite Dish Installer
* Stereo Equipment Installer
* Television Installer
* Television Repairer
* Wireless Internet Installer

49-2097 31.7 32.1 0.4 1.2 3.3 37,410 Postsecondary nondegree award 5 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Electronics engineers, except computer
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Antenna Engineer
* Circuit Design Engineer
* Electronic Design Automation Engineer
* Electronic Engineer
* Electronic Parts Designer
* Telecommunication Engineer

17-2072 136.3 141.3 5.1 3.7 9.2 99,210 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Elementary school teachers, except special education
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* 3rd Grade Reading Teacher
* 4th Grade Math Teacher
* Elementary School Band Director
* Elementary School Teacher
* Grades 1 Thru 5 Teacher

25-2021 1,410.9 1,514.9 104.1 7.4 112.8 55,800 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Elevator installers and repairers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Elevator Adjuster
* Elevator Constructor
* Elevator Installer
* Elevator Mechanic
* Elevator Repair and Maintenance Technician
* Elevator Service Technician
* Escalator Installer
* Escalator Mechanic
* Escalator Service Mechanic
* Freight Elevator Erector
* Hydraulic Elevator Constructor

47-4021 22.1 24.8 2.7 12.1 3.0 78,890 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Apprenticeship 2
Eligibility interviewers, government programs
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Medicare Interviewer
* Public Housing Interviewer
* Social Security Benefits Interviewer
* Unemployment Benefits Claims Taker
* Welfare Interviewer

43-4061 143.1 151.6 8.5 6.0 13.6 43,350 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Embalmers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Anatomical Embalmer
* Arterial Embalmer
* Embalmer Apprentice
* Licensed Embalmer
* Restorative Art Embalmer

39-4011 3.7 3.7 0.0 -0.8 0.6 40,150 Associate's degree 4 None 4 Long-term on-the-job training 3
Emergency management directors
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Director of Civil Defense
* Disaster Response Director
* EMS Director
* Emergency Management System Director
* Emergency Planner
* Emergency Planning and Response Manager
* Emergency Preparedness Coordinator
* Emergency Services Director
* Emergency Services Program Coordinator
* Public Safety Director

11-9161 10.1 10.9 0.8 7.7 0.9 70,500 Bachelor's degree 3 5 years or more 1 None 6
Emergency medical technicians and paramedics
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Ambulance Driver-Paramedic
* EMT
* EMT-B
* EMT-I/85
* EMT-I/99
* EMT-P
* Flight Paramedic
* Paramedic

29-2041 248.0 285.4 37.4 15.1 19.3 32,670 Postsecondary nondegree award 5 None 4 None 6
Engine and other machine assemblers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Aircraft Engine Assembler
* Assembling Motor Builder
* Clutch Housing Assembler
* Engine Builder
* Gas Turbine Assembler
* Generator Assembler
* Jet Engine Assembler
* Machine Builder
* Sewing Machine Assembler
* Steam Turbine Assembler
* Truck Transmission Assembler
* Truck Transmission Builder

51-2031 38.0 31.5 -6.5 -17.2 2.8 41,210 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Engineering teachers, postsecondary
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Aeronautical Engineering Professor
* Ceramic Engineering Professor
* Chemical Engineering Professor
* Civil Engineering Professor
* Electrical Engineering Professor
* Electronics Engineering Professor
* Industrial Engineering Professor
* Manufacturing Engineering Professor
* Marine Engineering Professor
* Mechanical Engineering Professor
* Petroleum Engineering Professor

25-1032 47.6 54.6 6.9 14.5 4.5 97,530 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 None 6
Engineering technicians, except drafters, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Agricultural Engineering Technicians
* Biomedical Engineering Technician
* Chemical Engineering Technician
* Marine Engineering Technicians
* Materials Engineering Technician
* Metallurgical Engineering Technician
* Nuclear Engineering Technician
* Optical Engineering Technician
* Ordnance Engineering Technician
* Salvage Engineering Technician

17-3029 76.8 80.8 4.0 5.2 7.1 62,330 Associate's degree 4 None 4 None 6
Engineers, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Corrosion Control Engineer
* Mathematical Engineer
* Optical Engineer
* Ordnance Engineer
* Photonics Engineer
* Salvage Engineer

17-2199 132.5 140.8 8.2 6.2 9.5 97,300 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
English language and literature teachers, postsecondary
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Children's Literature Professor
* Composition Professor
* Contemporary English Literature Professor
* Creative Writing English Professor
* Etymology Professor
* Medieval English Literature Professor
* Seventeenth-Century English Literature Professor
* Victorian Literature Professor

25-1123 84.6 92.9 8.3 9.8 7.5 63,730 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 None 6
Entertainers and performers, sports and related workers, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Acrobat
* Aerialist
* Amusement Park Entertainer
* Bareback Rider
* Baton Twirler
* Clown
* Comedian
* Continuity Director
* Fortune Teller
* Impersonator
* Juggler
* Magician
* Marionette Performer
* Palmist
* Professional Poker Player
* Prompter
* Puppeteer
* Rodeo Performer
* Story Teller
* Stunt Performer
* Tumbler
* Ventriloquist
* Wire Walker

27-2099 26.7 28.9 2.1 8.0 3.2 N/A No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Entertainment attendants and related workers, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Jockey Valet

39-3099 14.6 16.2 1.7 11.4 3.6 23,270 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Environmental engineering technicians
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Air Analysis Engineering Technician
* Environmental Remediation Engineering Technician
* Environmental Technician
* Pollution Control Engineering Technician

17-3025 17.0 19.1 2.2 12.9 1.7 49,170 Associate's degree 4 None 4 None 6
Environmental engineers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Air Pollution Control Engineer
* Environmental Engineer
* Environmental Remediation Engineer
* Hazardous Substances Engineer
* Hazardous Waste Management Control Engineer
* Pollution Control Engineer
* Soil Engineer
* Waste Management Engineer
* Wastewater Treatment Engineer
* Water Treatment Plant Engineer

17-2081 53.8 58.3 4.4 8.3 4.0 84,890 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Environmental science and protection technicians, including health
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Air Quality Technician
* Environmental Compliance Technician
* Environmental Science Technician
* Groundwater Monitoring Technician
* Infectious Waste Technician
* Pollution Control Technician
* Public Health Sanitarian Technician
* Radon Inspector
* Waste Minimization Technician

19-4091 34.6 38.8 4.1 11.9 4.6 44,190 Associate's degree 4 None 4 None 6
Environmental science teachers, postsecondary
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Environmental Science Professor
* Environmental Science, Management and Policy Professor
* Environmental Studies Professor

25-1053 6.9 7.6 0.7 9.6 0.6 78,340 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 None 6
Environmental scientists and specialists, including health
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Ecological Modeler
* Environmental Analyst
* Environmental Scientist
* Hazardous Substances Scientist
* Health Environmentalist
* Water Pollution Scientist
* Water Quality Analyst

19-2041 89.5 99.3 9.9 11.1 9.5 68,910 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Epidemiologists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Clinical Epidemiologist
* Communicable Disease Specialist
* Environmental Epidemiologist
* Epidemiology Investigator
* Malariologist
* Medical Epidemiologist
* Pharmacoepidemiologist

19-1041 6.1 6.6 0.5 8.7 0.6 70,820 Master's degree 2 None 4 None 6
Etchers and engravers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Engraver
* Glass Etcher
* Laser Engraver
* Machine Engraver
* Metal Engraver
* Pantograph Engraver
* Rotary Engraver
* Rubber Engraver

51-9194 10.6 10.7 0.1 1.0 1.3 31,110 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Excavating and loading machine and dragline operators
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Back Hoe Operator
* Backhoe Operator
* Dragline Oiler
* Earth Moving Equipment Operator
* End Loader Operator
* Excavator
* Excavator Backhoe Operator
* Payloader Operator
* Shovel Operator
* Trenching Machine Operator
* Yard Loader Operator

53-7032 50.6 54.9 4.3 8.4 6.1 41,030 High school diploma or equivalent 7 Less than 5 years 2 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Executive secretaries and executive administrative assistants
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Executive Assistant

43-6011 685.3 566.2 -119.1 -17.4 54.6 55,860 High school diploma or equivalent 7 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
Exercise physiologists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Applied Exercise Physiologist
* Clinical Exercise Physiologist
* Kinesiotherapist

29-1128 15.1 17.1 2.0 12.9 1.1 47,340 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Explosives workers, ordnance handling experts, and blasters
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Blast Setter
* Blaster
* Dynamite Shooter
* Dynamiter
* Explosive Ordnance Handler
* Explosive Technician
* Tier and Detonator
* Unexploded Ordnance Quality Control Worker

47-5031 6.3 6.8 0.5 7.1 0.8 52,170 High school diploma or equivalent 7 Less than 5 years 2 Long-term on-the-job training 3
Extraction workers, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Dumper Bailer Operator
* Sand Filler
* Sandfill Operator

47-5099 4.2 4.8 0.7 15.9 0.6 48,750 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Extruding and drawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Wire Drawing Machine Tender
* Wire Mill Rover

51-4021 72.3 61.3 -11.0 -15.2 5.6 33,870 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Extruding and forming machine setters, operators, and tenders, synthetic and glass fibers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Drawbench Operator
* Fiber Machine Tender
* Synthetic Filament Extruder

51-6091 20.2 18.5 -1.7 -8.5 2.1 34,240 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Extruding, forming, pressing, and compacting machine setters, operators, and tenders
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Bowling Ball Molder
* Brick Maker
* Cigarette Stamper
* Extrusion Press Operator
* Paper Baling Machine Operator
* Rubber Extrusion Operator
* Sugar Presser
* Tuber Operator

51-9041 71.4 67.5 -3.8 -5.4 7.9 32,510 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Fabric and apparel patternmakers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Clothing Patternmaker
* Embroidery Patternmaker
* Fabric Pattern Grader

51-6092 5.5 4.7 -0.8 -15.0 0.5 39,650 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Fabric menders, except garment
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Curtain Mender
* Fabric Awning Repairer
* Hand-Woven Carpet and Rug Mender
* Parachute Repairer
* Sail Repairer
* Tarp Repairer

49-9093 0.7 0.6 -0.1 -7.6 0.1 26,920 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Long-term on-the-job training 3
Fallers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Lumberjack
* Pulpwood Cutter
* Timber Cutter
* Timber Faller
* Timber Feller

45-4021 7.5 6.7 -0.8 -10.5 0.8 37,370 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Family and general practitioners
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Board Certified Family Physician
* Family Medicine Physician
* Family Physician
* Family Practice Medical Doctor
* Family Practice Physician
* Family Practitioner
* GP Doctor
* General Practitioner

29-1062 134.8 157.1 22.2 16.5 6.0 190,490 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 Internship/residency 1
Farm and home management advisors
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* 4-H Youth Development Specialist
* Agricultural Agent
* Agricultural Extension Educator
* Extension Service Advisor
* Family Resource Management Specialist
* Family and Consumer Sciences Extension Agent
* Farm Business Management Agent
* Farm Management Specialist
* Feed Management Advisor
* Home Economics Expert

25-9021 10.4 11.2 0.8 7.3 1.0 49,490 Master's degree 2 None 4 None 6
Farm equipment mechanics and service technicians
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Agricultural Equipment Mechanic
* Combine Mechanic
* Dairy Equipment Mechanic
* Dairy Equipment Repairer
* Harvester Mechanic
* Irrigation Equipment Mechanic
* Milking Machine Mechanic
* Tractor Mechanic

49-3041 42.5 45.6 3.2 7.4 4.5 37,820 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Long-term on-the-job training 3
Farm labor contractors
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Farm Labor Contractor
* Harvesting Contractor

13-1074 3.0 3.2 0.2 8.0 0.3 35,160 No formal educational credential 8 Less than 5 years 2 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Agricultural Crop Farm Manager
* Animal Husbandry Manager
* Aquaculture Farm Manager
* Beef Farm Operator
* Christmas Tree Farm Manager
* Dairy Farm Manager
* Fish Hatchery Manager
* Greenhouse Manager
* Hatchery Manager
* Orchard Manager

11-9013 1,028.7 1,097.4 68.7 6.7 84.8 66,360 High school diploma or equivalent 7 5 years or more 1 None 6
Farmworkers and laborers, crop, nursery, and greenhouse
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Cane Cutter
* Carrot Harvester
* Citrus Picker
* Corn Picker
* Cotton Picker
* Crop Picker
* Flower Picker
* Greenhouse Transplanter
* Harvest Worker
* Harvester
* Orchard Hand
* Orchard Worker
* Pecan Gatherer
* Pepper Picker
* Vineyard Tender

45-2092 503.7 509.5 5.8 1.1 76.8 22,000 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Farmworkers, farm, ranch, and aquacultural animals
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Aquaculture Worker
* Barn Hand
* Barn Worker
* Cattle Brander
* Cattle Driver
* Chicken Handler
* Chicken Vaccinator
* Cow Tender
* Egg Gatherer
* Farrowing Worker
* Goat Herder
* Groom
* Hatchery Worker
* Livestock Handler
* Poultry Debeaker
* Ranch Hand
* Sheep Shearer
* Shrimp Pond Laborer

45-2093 268.1 258.1 -10.1 -3.8 38.6 24,520 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Fashion designers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Apparel Designer
* Clothes Designer
* Clothing Designer
* Costume Designer
* Custom Furrier
* Dance Costume Designer
* Dress Designer
* Fashion Designer
* Hat Designer
* Sweater Designer
* Uniform Designer

27-1022 23.8 24.5 0.7 3.1 2.3 65,170 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Fence erectors
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Chain Link Fence Installer
* Fence Builder
* Fence Erector
* Wire Fence Builder
* Wood Fence Installer

47-4031 25.1 28.0 2.8 11.2 3.2 33,150 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Fiberglass laminators and fabricators
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Fiberglass Boat Builder
* Fiberglass Fabricator
* Fiberglass Grinder
* Fiberglass Laminator
* Fiberglass Luggage Molder
* Fiberglass Machine Operator
* Fiberglass Roller
* Fiberglass Ski Maker
* Fiberglasser

51-2091 19.7 19.4 -0.3 -1.3 2.2 30,870 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
File clerks
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Cut File Clerk
* Document Clerk
* File Clerk
* File Keeper
* Index Clerk
* Records Clerk

43-4071 135.0 121.1 -13.9 -10.3 14.2 29,090 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Film and video editors
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Cue Selector
* Electronic News Gathering Editor
* Film Editor
* Movie Editor
* News Video Editor
* News Videotape Editor
* Tape Editor
* Television News Video Editor
* Video Tape Transferrer

27-4032 34.2 39.8 5.6 16.3 4.0 62,760 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Financial analysts
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Corporate Financial Analyst
* Corporate Securities Research Analyst
* Corporate Statistical Financial Analyst
* Institutional Commodity Analyst

13-2051 296.1 328.2 32.1 10.8 29.0 81,760 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Financial clerks, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Bank Vault Attendant
* Bank Vault Clerk
* Bank Vault Custodian
* Financial Operations Clerk
* Financial Reserve Clerk
* Safe Deposit Clerk
* Safety Deposit Clerk
* Vault Teller

43-3099 36.6 40.2 3.6 9.9 4.3 39,540 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Financial examiners
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Bank Compliance Officer
* Bank Examiner
* Financial Compliance Examiner
* Home Mortgage Disclosure Act Specialist
* Payroll Examiner
* Pension Examiner

13-2061 52.5 57.6 5.1 9.8 4.6 79,280 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 Long-term on-the-job training 3
Financial managers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Banking Center Manager
* Banking Manager
* City Comptroller
* City Treasurer
* Comptroller
* Credit Manager
* Financial Director
* Financial Officer
* Fiscal Manager
* International Bank Manager
* Residential Mortgage Manager

11-3031 580.4 688.8 108.4 18.7 56.8 121,750 Bachelor's degree 3 5 years or more 1 None 6
Financial specialists, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Bail Bondsman
* Bondsman
* Executor of Estate
* Foreign Exchange Trader

13-2099 135.9 147.8 11.9 8.7 12.9 69,470 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Fine artists, including painters, sculptors, and illustrators
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Book Illustrator
* Caricature Artist
* Comic Artist
* Comic Book Artist
* Comic Illustrator
* Commercial Artist
* Concrete Sculptor
* Editorial Cartoonist
* Fashion Illustrator
* Free Lance Artist
* Fresco Artist
* Glass Artist
* Ice Sculptor
* Medical Illustrator
* Mural Painter
* Muralist
* Non-Representational Metal Sculptor
* Oil Painter
* Pattern Illustrator
* Political Cartoonist
* Portrait Artist
* Portrait Painter
* Scientific Illustrator
* Sketch Artist
* Sports Cartoonist
* Stained Glass Artist
* Water Colorist
* Watercolor Artist

27-1013 28.0 30.4 2.4 8.6 2.5 50,790 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 Long-term on-the-job training 3
Fire inspectors and investigators
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Arson Investigator
* CFEI
* Certified Fire Investigator
* Certified Fire and Explosion Investigator
* Certified Vehicle Fire Investigator
* Fire Hazard Inspector
* Fire Investigator
* Fire Prevention Inspector
* Fire Safety Inspector

33-2021 12.3 13.2 0.9 7.3 1.4 58,440 Postsecondary nondegree award 5 5 years or more 1 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Firefighters
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Fire Engine Pump Operator
* Fire Equipment Operator
* Fire Fighter
* Forest Firefighter
* Marine Firefighter
* Municipal Firefighter
* Smoke Jumper
* Wildland Firefighter

33-2011 327.3 351.0 23.6 7.2 24.3 48,030 Postsecondary nondegree award 5 None 4 Long-term on-the-job training 3
First-line supervisors of construction trades and extraction workers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Carpenter Supervisor
* Drilling Foreman
* Electrician Supervisor
* Excavating Supervisor
* Quarry Boss
* Rig Supervisor
* Roustabout Crew Leader
* Segmental Paving Supervisor
* Solar Panel Installation Supervisor

47-1011 602.5 678.8 76.3 12.7 68.5 62,980 High school diploma or equivalent 7 5 years or more 1 None 6
First-line supervisors of correctional officers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Chief Jailer
* Correctional Officer Sergeant
* Correctional Supervisor
* Corrections Sergeant
* Prison Guard Supervisor

33-1011 45.2 41.7 -3.5 -7.8 2.5 60,560 High school diploma or equivalent 7 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
First-line supervisors of farming, fishing, and forestry workers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Animal Caretaker Supervisor
* Aquacultural Worker Supervisor
* Corn Crop Supervisor
* Corral Boss
* Cranberry Bog Supervisor
* Farm Supervisor
* Farrowing Manager
* Feed Manager
* Fish Hatchery Supervisor
* Harvest Crew Supervisor
* Harvest Manager
* Logging Crew Supervisor
* Picking Crew Supervisor
* Planting Supervisor
* Ranch Hand Supervisor

45-1011 48.7 51.0 2.2 4.6 6.7 45,320 High school diploma or equivalent 7 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
First-line supervisors of fire fighting and prevention workers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Fire Lieutenant
* Municipal Fire Fighting and Prevention Supervisor
* Supervising Fire Marshal

33-1021 59.1 63.3 4.2 7.2 4.4 74,540 Postsecondary nondegree award 5 Less than 5 years 2 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
First-line supervisors of food preparation and serving workers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Banquet Supervisor
* Bar Manager
* Cafeteria Manager
* Dairy Bar Manager
* Food Service Supervisor
* Head Waiter
* Head Waitress
* Kitchen Supervisor

35-1012 936.9 1,024.4 87.5 9.3 146.2 31,480 High school diploma or equivalent 7 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
First-line supervisors of helpers, laborers, and material movers, hand
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Material Handling Crew Supervisor
* Warehouse Supervisor

53-1021 184.4 200.1 15.7 8.5 21.0 47,230 High school diploma or equivalent 7 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
First-line supervisors of housekeeping and janitorial workers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Building Cleaning Supervisor
* Cleaning Staff Supervisor
* Custodial Supervisor
* Head Custodian
* Head School Custodian
* Janitor Supervisor
* Maid Supervisor
* Maintenance and Custodian Supervisor

37-1011 243.5 264.4 20.9 8.6 30.3 38,190 High school diploma or equivalent 7 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
First-line supervisors of landscaping, lawn service, and groundskeeping workers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Gardening Supervisor
* Greenskeeper Supervisor
* Grounds Crew Supervisor
* Grounds Foreman
* Grounds Maintenance Supervisor
* Head Greenskeeper
* Horticultural Services Supervisor
* Landscape Installation Foreman
* Turf and Grounds Supervisor

37-1012 178.3 195.4 17.1 9.6 19.0 45,740 High school diploma or equivalent 7 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
First-line supervisors of mechanics, installers, and repairers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Automobile Body Repair Supervisor
* Body Shop Supervisor
* Electronic Maintenance Supervisor
* Fleet Maintenance Supervisor
* Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning Supervisor
* Oil Field Equipment Mechanic Supervisor
* Railroad Car Repair Supervisor
* Repair Department Supervisor

49-1011 462.2 495.0 32.8 7.1 43.4 63,540 High school diploma or equivalent 7 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
First-line supervisors of non-retail sales workers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Blood Donor Recruiter Supervisor
* Insurance Sales Supervisor
* Radio Time Sales Supervisor
* Real Estate Sales Supervisor
* Stock Broker Supervisor
* Telemarketer Supervisor
* Telemarketing Manager
* Telesales Supervisor

41-1012 405.2 431.2 26.0 6.4 39.8 73,150 High school diploma or equivalent 7 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
First-line supervisors of office and administrative support workers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Accounts Payable Supervisor
* Billing Department Supervisor
* Billing Supervisor
* Clerical Supervisor
* Data Entry Supervisor
* Medical Billing Supervisor
* Office Services Supervisor
* Payroll Supervisor
* Records Supervisor
* Teller Supervisor
* Timekeeping Supervisor

43-1011 1,506.3 1,557.5 51.2 3.4 153.0 54,340 High school diploma or equivalent 7 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
First-line supervisors of personal service workers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Animal Trainer Supervisor
* Caddy Master
* Head Butler
* Recreation Attendant Supervisor

39-1021 276.1 312.0 35.9 13.0 30.9 36,700 High school diploma or equivalent 7 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
First-line supervisors of police and detectives
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Commanding Officer Homicide Squad
* Detective Lieutenant
* Detective Supervisor
* Police Lieutenant
* Traffic Lieutenant
* Traffic Sergeant

33-1012 104.7 111.6 6.9 6.6 7.1 84,840 High school diploma or equivalent 7 Less than 5 years 2 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
First-line supervisors of production and operating workers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Assembly Line Supervisor
* Assembly Supervisor
* Die Cast Supervisor
* Machine Assembler Supervisor
* Machinist Supervisor
* Molding Supervisor
* Paper Machine Supervisor
* Printing Supervisor
* Printing Worker Supervisor
* Tool Room Supervisor

51-1011 621.4 620.9 -0.5 -0.1 59.5 57,780 High school diploma or equivalent 7 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
First-line supervisors of protective service workers, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Animal Control Supervisor
* Animal Cruelty Investigation Supervisor
* Security Guard Supervisor
* Transportation Security Administration (TSA) Screener Supervisor

33-1099 75.2 78.6 3.4 4.6 7.7 47,820 High school diploma or equivalent 7 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
First-line supervisors of retail sales workers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Assistant Store Manager
* Cashier Manager
* Cashier Supervisor
* Delicatessen Department Manager
* Produce Department Supervisor
* Sales Clerk Supervisor
* Used Car Sales Supervisor

41-1011 1,532.4 1,609.7 77.3 5.0 171.4 39,040 High school diploma or equivalent 7 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
First-line supervisors of transportation and material-moving machine and vehicle operators
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Crane Crew Supervisor
* Dock Operations Supervisor
* Gas Station Supervisor
* Refuse Collector Supervisor
* Truck Driver Supervisor

53-1031 204.2 217.7 13.6 6.6 22.6 57,270 High school diploma or equivalent 7 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
Fish and game wardens
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Conservation Enforcement Officer
* Fish Warden
* Fish and Game Warden
* Fish and Wildlife Warden
* Game Warden
* Wildlife Control Agent
* Wildlife Officer
* Wildlife and Game Protector

33-3031 7.0 7.3 0.3 4.3 0.7 51,730 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Fishing and hunting workers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

45-3000 27.0 29.0 2.0 7.2 2.9 29,280 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Fitness trainers and aerobics instructors
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Aerobics Instructor
* Certified Personal Trainer
* Fitness Trainer
* Group Exercise Instructor
* Group Fitness Instructor
* Personal Fitness Trainer
* Personal Trainer
* Weight Trainer
* Weight Training Instructor
* Yoga Instructor
* Yoga Teacher

39-9031 299.2 328.4 29.3 9.8 54.8 38,160 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Flight attendants
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Airline Flight Attendant
* Airplane Flight Attendant
* Flight Steward

53-2031 116.6 128.5 11.9 10.2 14.2 48,500 High school diploma or equivalent 7 Less than 5 years 2 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Floor layers, except carpet, wood, and hard tiles
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Composition Floor Layer
* Cork Floor Installer
* Laminate Floor Installer
* Linoleum Installer
* Resilient Tile Installer
* Shock-Absorption Floor Layer
* Vinyl Flooring Installer
* Vinyl Installer

47-2042 16.3 18.0 1.6 10.0 1.6 37,840 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Floor sanders and finishers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Floor Finisher
* Floor Refinisher
* Floor Sander
* Floor Sanding Machine Operator
* Floor Scraper
* Hardwood Finisher

47-2043 7.3 8.0 0.7 9.8 0.7 36,860 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Floral designers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Corsage Maker
* Floral Arranger
* Floral Artist
* Floral Decorator
* Florist
* Florist Designer
* Flower Arranger

27-1023 55.0 51.7 -3.2 -5.9 4.6 25,850 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Food and tobacco roasting, baking, and drying machine operators and tenders
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Bean Roaster
* Coffee Roaster
* Fish Smoker
* Food Dehydrator Operator
* Grain Roaster
* Malt House Kiln Operator
* Meat Curer
* Meat Smoker
* Sausage Smoker
* Smokehouse Worker
* Tobacco Drier Operator

51-3091 20.1 20.0 -0.1 -0.6 2.3 28,570 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Food batchmakers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Almond Paste Mixer
* Candy Maker
* Candy Puller
* Cheese Processor
* Cottage Cheese Maker
* Dough Scaler and Mixer
* Frozen Yogurt Maker
* Honey Blender
* Ice Cream Maker
* Liquid Sugar Fortifier
* Peanut Butter Maker
* Pickle Maker
* Relish Maker
* Taffy Puller

51-3092 153.7 155.8 2.1 1.3 21.6 27,810 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Food cooking machine operators and tenders
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Doughnut Machine Operator
* Dumpling Machine Operator
* Fish Fryer
* Food Cooking Machine Operator
* Kettle Fry Cook Operator
* Pierogi Maker
* Potato Chip Frier
* Tripe Cooker

51-3093 37.2 38.1 1.0 2.6 5.2 28,350 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Food preparation and serving related workers, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Kitchen Steward

35-9099 60.9 66.5 5.6 9.3 11.3 21,090 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Food preparation workers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Deli Clerk
* Deli Slicer
* Food Preparer
* Fruit and Vegetable Parer
* Salad Maker
* Sandwich Maker

35-2021 871.1 939.8 68.7 7.9 157.7 21,440 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Food processing workers, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Olive Pitter
* Pasta Press Operator
* Poultry Hanger
* Yeast Maker

51-3099 46.4 48.9 2.5 5.4 5.5 24,160 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Food scientists and technologists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Dairy Bacteriologist
* Enologist
* Food Preservation Scientist
* Food Processing Scientist
* Food Safety Scientist
* Food Scientist
* Food Technologist

19-1012 17.0 18.0 1.0 6.0 1.8 63,950 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Food servers, nonrestaurant
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Boat Hop
* Hospital Food Service Worker
* Room Service Food Server

35-3041 263.8 290.7 26.9 10.2 43.1 21,240 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Food service managers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Banquet Director
* Banquet Manager
* Cafeteria Director
* Food Service Director
* Food Service Manager
* Food and Beverage Manager
* Restaurant General Manager
* Tavern Operator

11-9051 308.7 336.0 27.3 8.8 36.7 50,820 High school diploma or equivalent 7 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
Foreign language and literature teachers, postsecondary
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Arabic Professor
* Biblical Languages Professor
* Chinese Language Professor
* French Professor
* German Professor
* Greek Professor
* Hebrew Professor
* Japanese Professor
* Russian Language Professor
* Spanish Literature Professor

25-1124 35.0 39.1 4.1 11.8 3.2 63,500 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 None 6
Forensic science technicians
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Ballistic Technician
* Ballistician
* Ballistics Expert
* Crime Lab Technician
* Crime Scene Technician
* Criminalist Technician
* Fingerprint Expert
* Forensic Analyst
* Forensic Science Technician
* Handwriting Expert
* Trace Evidence Technician
* Wildlife Forensic Geneticist

19-4092 15.4 18.0 2.6 16.8 2.2 56,750 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Forest and conservation technicians
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Forest Technician
* Forestry Aide
* Forestry Technician
* Natural Resources Technician
* Soil Conservation Technician
* Timber Management Technician

19-4093 33.2 34.5 1.3 3.8 4.0 35,560 Associate's degree 4 None 4 None 6
Forest and conservation workers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Forest Nursery Worker
* Forester Aide
* Forestry Laborer
* Rangelands Conservation Laborer
* Reforestation Worker
* Seedling Puller
* Wetlands Conservation Laborer

45-4011 14.3 14.1 -0.2 -1.3 2.2 26,940 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Forest fire inspectors and prevention specialists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Environmental Protection Fire Control Officer
* Fire Control Officer
* Fire Operations Forester
* Fire Ranger
* Forest Fire Control Officer
* Forest Fire Officer
* Wildfire Prevention Specialist
* Wildland Fire Operations Specialist

33-2022 1.7 2.2 0.5 26.6 0.2 36,230 High school diploma or equivalent 7 Less than 5 years 2 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Foresters
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Environmental Protection Forester
* Forest Ecologist
* Forestry Scientist
* Land Management Forester
* Operations Forester
* Resource Forester
* Service Forester
* Timber Management Specialist
* Urban Forester

19-1032 12.3 12.9 0.6 5.2 1.1 58,700 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Forestry and conservation science teachers, postsecondary
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Ecology Professor
* Environmental Conservation Professor
* Forest Biometrics Professor
* Forest Ecology Professor
* Forest Management Professor
* Forest Pathology Professor
* Forest Resources Professor
* Forest Technology Professor
* Silviculture Professor
* Timber Management Professor
* Wildlife Conservation Professor

25-1043 2.2 2.3 0.2 7.7 0.2 85,880 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 None 6
Forging machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Cold Header Operator
* Forging Roll Operator
* Header Setup Operator
* Spike Machine Operator
* Swager Operator
* Swaging Machine Operator

51-4022 19.2 15.5 -3.7 -19.2 1.4 36,930 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Foundry mold and coremakers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Airset Caster
* Airset Molder
* Core Stripper
* Foundry Molder
* Green Sand Molder
* No Bake Molder
* Sand Molder
* Wax Pattern Coater

51-4071 12.5 9.5 -3.0 -24.0 0.9 34,790 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Fundraisers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Campaign Fundraiser
* Donor Relations Officer
* Fundraising Officer

13-1131 90.4 103.6 13.2 14.6 10.7 54,130 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Funeral attendants
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Funeral Assistant
* Funeral Attendant
* Funeral Greeter
* Funeral Home Assistant
* Funeral Home Associate
* Mortician Helper
* Pallbearer
* Undertaker Helper

39-4021 36.1 37.0 1.0 2.7 5.6 24,830 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Funeral service managers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Funeral Home Director
* Funeral Home Manager

11-9061 25.7 27.4 1.6 6.4 2.0 73,830 Associate's degree 4 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
Furnace, kiln, oven, drier, and kettle operators and tenders
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Calciner Operator
* Dry Kiln Operator
* Induction Furnace Operator
* Lime Kiln Operator
* Lumber Kiln Operator
* Rubber Curer
* Soap Drier Tender
* Tunnel Kiln Operator

51-9051 21.9 20.8 -1.1 -5.0 2.0 36,040 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Furniture finishers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Cabinet Finisher
* Furniture Refinisher
* Furniture Sander
* Piano Refinisher
* Wood Cabinet Finisher

51-7021 22.4 22.9 0.6 2.5 2.1 30,550 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Gaming and sports book writers and runners
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Betting Clerk
* Bookie
* Casino Floor Runner
* Keno Runner
* Keno Writer
* Race Book Writer
* Race and Sports Book Writer
* Sports Book Board Attendant
* Sportsbook Ticket Writer

39-3012 11.7 12.1 0.4 3.8 1.8 22,600 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Gaming cage workers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Cage Cashier
* Casino Cage Cashier
* Casino Cashier
* Gaming Cage Cashier
* Gaming Cashier

43-3041 19.0 19.3 0.3 1.4 3.0 25,990 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Gaming change persons and booth cashiers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Mutuel Teller
* Slot Attendant

41-2012 23.4 24.0 0.6 2.7 4.5 23,780 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Gaming dealers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* 21 Dealer
* Blackjack Dealer
* Casino Dealer
* Casino Games Dealer
* Craps Dealer
* Keno Dealer
* Poker Dealer
* Roulette Dealer
* Table Games Dealer

39-3011 96.9 98.0 1.1 1.1 14.5 19,290 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Gaming managers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Bingo Manager
* Casino Manager
* Gaming Department Head
* Gaming Director
* Gaming Manager
* Slot Operations Director
* Slots Manager
* Table Games Manager

11-9071 4.5 4.6 0.1 2.5 0.5 69,180 High school diploma or equivalent 7 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
Gaming service workers, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Card Table Attendant
* Pit Clerk
* Poker Prop Player
* Proposition Player
* Shill

39-3019 12.5 12.6 0.1 0.7 1.9 24,880 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Gaming supervisors
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Blackjack Pit Boss
* Blackjack Supervisor
* Cardroom Manager
* Casino Supervisor
* Executive Casino Host
* Gambling Supervisor
* Pit Boss
* Pit Supervisor
* Poker Room Supervisor
* Table Games Supervisor

39-1011 38.5 39.9 1.3 3.5 6.2 50,520 High school diploma or equivalent 7 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
Gaming surveillance officers and gaming investigators
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Casino Investigator
* Casino Surveillance Officer
* Gambling Monitor
* Gaming Surveillance Observer
* Gaming Surveillance Officer

33-9031 10.7 11.1 0.4 3.5 1.4 32,630 High school diploma or equivalent 7 Less than 5 years 2 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Gas compressor and gas pumping station operators
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Acetylene Gas Compressor
* Butane Compressor Operator
* Compressor Station Operator
* Gas Compressor Operator
* Gas Cylinder Processor
* Gas Storage Operator
* High Pressure Compressed Gas Filler
* LNG Plant Operator
* Liquid Natural Gas Plant Operator

53-7071 3.9 4.0 0.1 3.3 0.5 60,470 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Gas plant operators
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Gas Controller
* Gas Plant Dispatcher
* Gas Plant Operator
* Gas Plant Technician
* Natural Gas Plant Technician

51-8092 17.3 17.3 0.0 0.0 1.7 67,580 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Long-term on-the-job training 3
General and operations managers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Department Store General Manager
* General Manager
* General Superintendent
* Manufacturing Operations Manager
* Operations Manager
* Radio Station Manager
* Television Station Manager

11-1021 2,263.1 2,469.0 205.9 9.1 210.8 99,310 Bachelor's degree 3 5 years or more 1 None 6
Genetic counselors
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Certified Genetic Counselor
* Chromosomal Disorders Counselor
* Genetic Counselor
* Mitochondrial Disorders Counselor
* Prenatal Genetic Counselor

29-9092 3.1 3.9 0.9 28.3 0.3 74,120 Master's degree 2 None 4 None 6
Geographers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Biogeographer
* Economic Geographer
* GIS Geographer
* Geographer
* Geomorphologist
* Glaciologist
* Physical Geographer
* Political Geographer

19-3092 1.5 1.6 0.1 6.2 0.2 74,260 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Geography teachers, postsecondary
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Cartography Professor
* GIS Professor
* Geographic Information Systems Professor
* Geomatics Professor

25-1064 5.0 5.4 0.4 8.4 0.4 76,810 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 None 6
Geological and petroleum technicians
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Crude Tester
* Geological Sample Tester
* Geophysical Prospector
* Magnetometer Operator
* Mineral Technologist
* Mining Technician
* Mud Logger
* Petroleum Technician
* Seismic Interpreter
* Seismic Observer
* Seismograph Operator

19-4041 15.0 17.4 2.5 16.4 1.9 56,470 Associate's degree 4 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Geoscientists, except hydrologists and geographers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Crystallographer
* Development Geologist
* Environmental Geologist
* Exploration Geologist
* Geochemist
* Geodesist
* Geologist
* Geomagnetist
* Geophysicist
* Geoscientist
* Mine Geologist
* Mineralogist
* Mining Production Geologist
* Oceanographer
* Oceanologist
* Paleontologist
* Petroleum Geologist
* Petrologist
* Research Geologist
* Sedimentationist
* Seismologist
* Stratigrapher
* Volcanologist

19-2042 32.0 36.5 4.5 13.9 3.5 89,780 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Glaziers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Leaded Glass Installer
* Plate Glass Installer
* Stained Glass Glazier
* Stained Glass Installer
* Stained Glass Joiner
* Window Glazier

47-2121 50.1 55.4 5.3 10.6 6.5 41,920 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Apprenticeship 2
Graders and sorters, agricultural products
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Apple Sorter
* Cherry Sorter
* Cotton Grader
* Egg Grader
* Fruit Sorter
* Meat Grader
* Oyster Sorter
* Peanut Grader
* Potato Sorter
* Seed Sorter
* Strawberry Sorter
* Vegetable Sorter
* Wool Grader

45-2041 42.9 42.5 -0.4 -0.9 5.7 22,520 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Graduate teaching assistants
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Graduate Student Instructor
* Teaching Fellow

25-1191 168.3 181.2 12.9 7.7 14.4 34,240 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Graphic designers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Catalogue Illustrator
* Graphic Artist
* Graphic Designer
* Visual Designer

27-1024 266.3 278.8 12.5 4.7 26.2 47,640 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Grinding and polishing workers, hand
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Hand Buffer
* Hand Sander
* Jewelry Grinder
* Jewelry Polisher
* Knife Grinder
* Ring Polisher

51-9022 26.6 21.1 -5.4 -20.5 2.1 28,720 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Grinding, lapping, polishing, and buffing machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Aluminum Polisher
* Deburring Machine Operator
* Jewel Bearing Facer
* Metal Grinder
* Tool Polishing Machine Operator

51-4033 76.2 68.5 -7.6 -10.0 6.8 32,890 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Grounds maintenance workers, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Trail Construction Worker
* Trail Maintenance Worker
* Trailhead Construction Worker
* Trailhead Maintenance Worker
* Tree Trimmer Helper

37-3019 18.9 20.5 1.6 8.5 2.5 28,470 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Hairdressers, hairstylists, and cosmetologists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Beautician
* Cosmetologist
* Funeral Home Makeup Artist
* Hair Colorist
* Hair Stylist
* Hair and Makeup Designer
* Hairdresser
* Hairpiece Stylist
* Wedding Makeup Artist
* Wig Stylist

39-5012 617.3 682.7 65.3 10.6 82.4 24,260 Postsecondary nondegree award 5 None 4 None 6
Hazardous materials removal workers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Asbestos Abatement Worker
* Asbestos Remover
* Decontamination Worker
* Hazard Waste Handler
* Hazmat Technician
* Irradiated Fuel Handler
* Lead Abatement Worker
* Radiological Control and Safety Technician

47-4041 46.2 54.1 7.9 17.1 6.7 40,640 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Health and safety engineers, except mining safety engineers and inspectors
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Fire Prevention Engineer
* Fire Protection Engineer
* Industrial Safety Engineer
* Product Safety Engineer
* Product Safety Test Engineer
* System Safety Engineer

17-2111 25.9 28.1 2.2 8.6 1.9 86,720 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Health diagnosing and treating practitioners, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Acupuncturist
* Homeopathic Doctor
* Hypnotherapist
* Naturopath
* Naturopathic Doctor
* Naturopathic Physician

29-1199 56.4 62.9 6.4 11.4 3.6 74,530 Master's degree 2 None 4 None 6
Health educators
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Certified Diabetes Educator
* Certified Health Education Specialist
* Community Health Education Coordinator
* Diabetes Educator
* Health Education Specialist
* Health Educator
* Public Health Educator

21-1091 61.0 69.9 8.8 14.5 8.7 53,070 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Health specialties teachers, postsecondary
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Clinical Laboratory Science Professor
* Clinical Sciences Professor
* Dentistry Professor
* Gastroenterology Professor
* Neurology Professor
* Nutrition Professor
* Occupational Therapy Professor
* Optometry Professor
* Pharmacology Professor
* Physical Therapy Professor
* Podiatric Medicine Professor
* Podiatry Professor
* Public Health Professor

25-1071 233.5 294.0 60.5 25.9 25.8 99,360 Doctoral or professional degree 1 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
Health technologists and technicians, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Dialysis Technician
* Electroencephalogram (EEG) Technologist
* Electroneurodiagnostic Technologist
* Encephalographer
* Perfusionist
* Polysomnograph Tech

29-2099 127.8 152.5 24.8 19.4 11.0 41,070 Postsecondary nondegree award 5 None 4 None 6
Healthcare practitioners and technical workers, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Podiatric Technician
* Traditional Chinese Herbalist

29-9099 40.0 44.8 4.8 12.1 2.6 48,820 Postsecondary nondegree award 5 None 4 None 6
Healthcare social workers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* AIDS Social Worker
* C-SWHC
* Certified Social Workers In Health Care
* Healthcare Social Worker
* Hospice Home Care Social Worker
* Hospice Social Worker
* Hospital Social Worker
* Medical Social Worker
* Neonatal Social Worker
* Nephrology Social Worker
* Oncology Social Worker
* Pediatric Social Worker
* Public Health Social Worker
* Renal Social Worker

21-1022 176.5 209.3 32.7 18.5 22.5 53,760 Master's degree 2 None 4 Internship/residency 1
Healthcare support workers, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Ortho/Prosthetic Aide

31-9099 97.3 108.6 11.3 11.6 13.7 36,330 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 None 6
Hearing aid specialists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Hearing Aid Fitter
* Hearing Aid Technician
* Hearing Instrument Specialist

29-2092 6.8 8.2 1.3 19.2 0.6 50,250 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Heat treating equipment setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Annealing Furnace Operator
* Carburizing Furnace Operator
* Flame Hardening Machine Setter
* Heat Treater Apprentice
* Heat Treating Furnace Tender
* Induction Machine Setter
* Wire Annealer
* Wire Temperer

51-4191 19.8 17.0 -2.8 -14.1 1.7 37,180 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration mechanics and installers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Air Conditioning Service Technician
* Bulk Cooler Installer
* Evaporative Cooler Installer
* Furnace Converter
* Furnace Fitter
* Gas Furnace Installer
* Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning (HVAC) Mechanic
* Oil Burner Repairer
* Oil Furnace Installer
* Refrigeration Systems Installer
* Stoker Installer

49-9021 332.9 382.0 49.1 14.7 38.7 45,910 Postsecondary nondegree award 5 None 4 Long-term on-the-job training 3
Heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Auto Carrier Driver
* Cement Truck Driver
* Concrete Mixer Driver
* Concrete Mixer Truck Driver
* Fuel Truck Driver
* Garbage Truck Driver
* Line Haul Driver
* Logging Truck Driver
* Moving Van Driver
* Over-the-Road Driver
* Semi-Truck Driver
* Tanker Driver
* Tow Truck Operator

53-3032 1,871.7 1,985.5 113.8 6.1 214.3 41,340 Postsecondary nondegree award 5 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Helpers, construction trades, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Boiler Coverer Helper
* Bridge Ironworker Helper
* Carpet Layer Helper
* Cellulose Insulation Helper
* Construction Ironworker Helper
* Cork Insulator Helper
* Drywall Hanger Helper
* Drywall Stripper Helper
* Drywall Taper Helper
* HVAC Sheet Metal Installer Helper
* Heat and Frost Insulator Helper
* Linoleum Layer Helper
* Ornamental Ironworker Helper
* Pipe Insulator Helper
* Plate Glass Installer Helper
* Post Tensioning Ironworker Helper
* Rod Buster Helper
* Sheet Metal Duct Installer Helper
* Sheet Rock Installation Helper
* Sheet Rock Taper Helper
* Stained Glass Glazier Helper
* Terrazzo Finisher Helper
* Terrazzo Layer Helper
* Terrazzo Worker Helper
* Trench Digger Helper
* Wall Taper Helper
* Window Glazier Helper

47-3019 22.1 24.8 2.7 12.1 3.5 29,270 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Helpers--brickmasons, blockmasons, stonemasons, and tile and marble setters
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Adobe Layer Helper
* Brick Carrier
* Brick Washer
* Bricklayer Helper
* Ceramic Tile Installation Helper
* Chimney Builder Helper
* Firebrick Layer Helper
* Marble Installation Helper
* Mortar Mixer
* Parquet Floor Layer's Helper
* Refractory Tile Helper
* Wood Tile Installation Helper

47-3011 24.1 27.0 2.9 12.1 3.8 30,570 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Helpers--carpenters
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Beam Builder Helper
* Building Carpenter Helper
* Carpenter Assistant
* Carpenter Helper
* Construction Carpenters Helper
* Hardwood Floor Installation Helper
* House Carpenter Helper

47-3012 36.7 41.4 4.7 12.8 5.9 28,810 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Helpers--electricians
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Electrical Sign Wirer Helper
* Electrician's Assistant
* House Wirer Helper
* Marine Electrician Helper
* Stage Electrician Helper
* Utilities Ground Worker

47-3013 73.2 80.9 7.7 10.6 11.5 29,530 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Helpers--extraction workers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Blaster Helper
* Blasting Helper
* Boring Machine Operator Helper
* Continuous Miner Operator Helper
* Driller Helper
* Loading Machine Operator Helper
* Longwall Machine Operator Helper
* Mining Helper
* Roof Bolter Helper
* Rotary Drill Operator Helper
* Shale Planer Operator Helper

47-5081 17.0 20.3 3.3 19.7 2.6 35,790 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Helpers--installation, maintenance, and repair workers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Automobile Body Repairer Helper
* Cable Splicer Helper
* Hydroelectric Machinery Mechanic Helper
* Locksmith Helper
* Mechanic's Assistant
* Meter Repairer Helper
* Motorboat Mechanic Helper
* Powerhouse Mechanic Helper
* Streetcar Repairer Helper

49-9098 120.2 133.5 13.3 11.1 17.0 27,510 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Helpers--painters, paperhangers, plasterers, and stucco masons
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Billboard Poster Helper
* Bridge Painter Helper
* Dry Plasterer Helper
* Highway Painter Helper
* House Painter Helper
* Ornamental Plasterer Helper
* Plaster Tender
* Ship Painter Helper
* Swimming Pool Plasterer Helper
* Wallpaper Hanger Helper
* Wallpaperer Helper

47-3014 10.9 11.4 0.5 4.1 1.6 27,310 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Helpers--pipelayers, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Gas Main Fitter Helper
* Hydraulic Plumber Helper
* Industrial Gas Fitter Helper
* Marine Pipefitter Helper
* Marine Steam Fitter Helper
* Pipe Fitter Helper
* Plumber Assistant
* Plumber Helper
* Sewer Pipe Layer Helper
* Sprinkler Fitter Helper
* Trench Pipe Layer Helper
* Water Main Installer Helper

47-3015 55.5 65.8 10.3 18.6 9.5 29,030 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Helpers--production workers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Blending Tank Helper
* Commercial Baker Helper
* Machinist Helper
* Slitter Helper
* Tailor Helper
* Welder Helper
* Woodworker Helper

51-9198 426.0 475.5 49.5 11.6 72.0 24,830 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Helpers--roofers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Hot Tar Roofer Helper
* Industrial Roofer Helper
* Residential Roofer Helper
* Roofer Assistant
* Roofer Helper
* Roofing Laborer
* Shingles Roofer Helper
* Slate Roofer Helper
* Terra Cotta Roofer Helper

47-3016 10.2 11.5 1.3 12.4 1.6 27,670 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Highway maintenance workers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Highway Maintainer
* Highway Maintenance Crew Worker
* Highway Worker
* Lane Marker Installer
* Road Patcher
* Road Sign Installer

47-4051 149.9 160.2 10.3 6.9 16.5 38,130 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Historians
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Genealogist
* Historiographer
* Protohistorian

19-3093 3.3 3.5 0.2 5.4 0.3 55,110 Master's degree 2 None 4 None 6
History teachers, postsecondary
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* African History Professor
* American History Professor
* Historiography Professor
* Jewish History Professor
* Russian History Professor
* South Asian History Professor

25-1125 26.9 29.7 2.8 10.3 2.4 71,820 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 None 6
Hoist and winch operators
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Hoist Operator
* Winch Derrick Operator
* Winch Operator

53-7041 2.9 2.9 0.0 -0.7 0.4 42,530 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Home appliance repairers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Certified Appliance Service Technician
* Electric Stove Installer
* Gas Appliance Repairer
* Gas Appliance Servicer
* Home Appliance Installer
* Stove Installer
* Vacuum Cleaner Repair Person
* Vacuum Cleaner Repairer
* Washing Machine Installer
* Washing Machine Repairer
* Window Air Conditioner Installer

49-9031 46.6 46.2 -0.4 -0.9 4.2 37,570 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Home economics teachers, postsecondary
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Family Resource Management Professor
* Family and Consumer Sciences Professor
* Home and Family Living Professor
* Weaving Professor

25-1192 3.5 3.8 0.3 7.8 0.3 69,190 Master's degree 2 None 4 None 6
Home health aides
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Home Health Aide
* Home Health Attendant
* Home Hospice Aide

31-1011 911.5 1,337.0 425.6 46.7 167.7 22,600 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Hosts and hostesses, restaurant, lounge, and coffee shop
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Bar Host/Hostess
* Bar Hostess
* Dining Room Host
* Dining Room Host/Hostess
* Maitre D'
* Tearoom Host/Hostess
* Tearoom Hostess

35-9031 409.2 437.5 28.3 6.9 97.9 19,980 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Hotel, motel, and resort desk clerks
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Assistant Innkeeper
* Hotel Desk Clerk
* Hotel Front Desk Clerk
* Hotel Registration Clerk
* Motel Clerk
* Motel Front Desk Attendant
* Resort Desk Clerk

43-4081 252.6 263.9 11.3 4.5 40.9 22,070 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Human resources assistants, except payroll and timekeeping
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Employment Clerk
* HR Clerk
* Personnel Clerk

43-4161 141.5 138.9 -2.6 -1.8 15.1 39,020 Associate's degree 4 None 4 None 6
Human resources managers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Employee Relations Manager
* Job Analysis Manager
* Labor Relations Director
* Personnel Administrator
* Personnel Director
* Personnel Manager
* Position Description Manager

11-3121 136.1 148.3 12.2 8.9 12.4 106,910 Bachelor's degree 3 5 years or more 1 None 6
Human resources specialists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Corporate Recruiter
* Credentialing Coordinator
* Employee Placement Specialist
* Human Resources Generalist
* Job Placement Officer
* Job Placement Specialist
* Job Recruiter
* Personnel Coordinator
* Personnel Officer
* Personnel Recruiter
* Personnel Specialist
* Staffing Coordinator

13-1071 547.8 586.4 38.7 7.1 57.6 59,180 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Hydrologists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Hydrogeologist
* Hydrologist
* Isotope Hydrologist
* Surface Hydrologist

19-2043 6.7 7.4 0.7 9.9 0.7 80,480 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Industrial engineering technicians
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Industrial Engineering Technician
* Motion Study Technician
* Production Control Technologist
* Time Study Technician
* Time Study Technologist

17-3026 63.9 64.3 0.4 0.6 5.5 53,330 Associate's degree 4 None 4 None 6
Industrial engineers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Efficiency Engineer
* Manufacturing Engineer
* Packaging Engineer
* Production Engineer

17-2112 257.9 283.0 25.1 9.7 19.7 84,310 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Industrial machinery mechanics
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Bag Machine Adjuster
* Boilerhouse Mechanic
* Foundry Equipment Mechanic
* Hydroelectric Machinery Mechanic
* Industrial Conveyor Belt Repairer
* Loom Fixer
* Loom Technician

49-9041 346.9 370.4 23.5 6.8 33.0 50,040 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Long-term on-the-job training 3
Industrial production managers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Industrial Production Manager
* Manufacturing Director
* Plant Chief
* Plant Manager
* Plant Superintendent
* Production Control Manager

11-3051 170.6 170.3 -0.3 -0.2 11.7 97,140 Bachelor's degree 3 5 years or more 1 None 6
Industrial truck and tractor operators
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Forklift Driver
* Forklift Operator
* Front-End Loader Operator
* Hydraulic Lift Driver
* Industrial Truck Operator
* Reach-Lift Truck Driver
* Stacker Operator

53-7051 549.9 586.1 36.2 6.6 65.9 32,460 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Industrial-organizational psychologists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Engineering Psychologist
* Human Resources Psychologist
* I/O Psychologist
* Industrial Psychologist
* Management Psychologist
* Organizational Psychologist
* Organizational Research Consultant
* Personnel Research Psychologist

19-3032 1.7 1.8 0.1 5.6 0.1 82,760 Master's degree 2 None 4 Internship/residency 1
Information and record clerks, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Election Clerk
* Flight Crew Scheduler
* Probate Clerk
* Student Admissions Clerk

43-4199 178.1 191.7 13.6 7.6 21.9 39,260 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Information security analysts
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Computer Security Specialist
* Computer Systems Security Analyst
* Information Security Analyst
* Information Systems Security Analyst
* Internet Security Specialist
* Network Security Analyst

15-1122 100.0 128.5 28.4 28.4 10.4 92,600 Bachelor's degree 3 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Ampoule Examiner
* Bag Grader
* Cigarette Examiner
* Compressed Gas Tester
* Machined Parts Quality Inspector
* Petroleum Sampler
* Quality Assurance Inspector
* Quality Control Inspector
* Quality Inspector
* Spark Plug Tester

51-9061 520.7 465.2 -55.5 -10.7 52.7 36,780 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Installation, maintenance, and repair workers, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Bowling Alley Mechanic
* Fire Extinguisher Installer
* Gasoline Pump Installer
* Gunsmith
* Ski Lift Mechanic
* Wheelwright
* Windmill Mechanic
* Window Shade Installer

49-9099 175.8 189.9 14.1 8.0 18.6 38,480 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Instructional coordinators
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Curriculum Coordinator
* Curriculum Designer
* Curriculum Specialist
* Curriculum and Assessment Director
* Curriculum and Instruction Director
* Instructional Coordinator
* Instructional Materials Director
* School Curriculum Developer
* Special Education Curriculum Specialist

25-9031 163.2 179.7 16.5 10.1 16.8 62,460 Master's degree 2 5 years or more 1 None 6
Insulation workers, floor, ceiling, and wall
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Ceiling Insulation Blower
* Composition Weatherboard Installer
* Cork Insulation Installer
* Cork Insulator
* Insulation Machine Operator
* Interior Surface Insulation Worker
* Wall Insulation Sprayer

47-2131 30.9 31.4 0.4 1.3 3.3 35,660 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Insulation workers, mechanical
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Boiler Coverer
* Heat and Frost Insulator
* Pipe Coverer
* Pipe Insulator
* Refrigeration Insulator
* Sheet Metal Insulator

47-2132 28.6 31.4 2.8 9.7 3.4 45,430 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Apprenticeship 2
Insurance appraisers, auto damage
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Auto Damage Appraiser
* Auto Damage Insurance Appraiser
* Automobile Damage Appraiser
* Vehicle Damage Appraiser

13-1032 17.6 18.5 0.9 4.9 1.5 63,510 Postsecondary nondegree award 5 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Insurance claims and policy processing clerks
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Insurance Claims Clerk
* Insurance Clerk
* Insurance Examining Clerk
* Insurance Policy Issue Clerk
* Underwriting Assistant
* Underwriting Clerk

43-9041 308.5 342.6 34.1 11.0 35.6 38,430 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Insurance sales agents
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Health Insurance Sales Agent
* Insurance Agent
* Insurance Broker
* Life Insurance Agent
* Life Insurance Salesperson
* Pension Agent

41-3021 501.4 550.0 48.6 9.7 54.5 49,990 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Insurance underwriters
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Automobile and Property Underwriter
* Bond Underwriter
* Insurance Analyst
* Insurance Underwriter
* Insurance Writer
* Underwriting Account Representative
* Underwriting Service Representative

13-2053 104.1 98.6 -5.4 -5.2 7.5 67,680 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Interior designers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Certified Kitchen Designer
* Furniture Arranger
* Home Lighting Adviser
* Interior Decorator
* Interior Designer
* Kitchen Designer
* Kitchen and Bath Designer

27-1025 66.5 69.8 3.3 4.9 6.6 49,810 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Internists, general
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* General Internal Medicine Doctor
* General Internal Medicine Physician
* General Internist
* Internal Medicine Physician
* Internist

29-1063 49.8 58.2 8.4 16.9 2.2 196,380 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 Internship/residency 1
Interpreters and translators
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* American Sign Language Interpreter
* Court Interpreter
* Deaf Interpreter
* Diplomatic Interpreter
* Language Translator
* Translator

27-3091 68.2 79.6 11.4 16.7 7.7 46,120 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Interviewers, except eligibility and loan
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Admitting Interviewer
* Census Clerk
* Census Taker
* Field Enumerator
* Market Research Interviewer
* Outpatient Interviewing Clerk
* Survey Interviewer
* Telephone Interviewer

43-4111 194.7 205.7 11.0 5.7 24.3 32,150 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Janitors and cleaners, except maids and housekeeping cleaners
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Building Custodian
* Cleaning and Maintenance Worker
* Custodial Worker
* Custodian
* Floor Cleaner
* Heavy Duty Custodian
* Industrial Plant Custodian
* Janitor
* Office Cleaner
* School Custodian
* Window Cleaner
* Window Washer

37-2011 2,384.6 2,617.7 233.0 9.8 343.5 24,190 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Jewelers and precious stone and metal workers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Diamond Grader
* Diamond Polisher
* Diamond Setter
* Facetor
* Gem Cutter
* Gemologist
* Goldsmith
* Jewelry Repairer
* Jewelsmith
* Lapidarist
* Pewterer
* Silversmith

51-9071 37.7 36.5 -1.2 -3.1 3.7 38,200 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Long-term on-the-job training 3
Judges, magistrate judges, and magistrates
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Administrative Court Justice
* Circuit Court Judge
* County Court Judge
* Criminal Court Judge
* District Court Judge
* Jurist
* Justice
* Probate Judge
* Trial Court Judge
* Tribal Judge

23-1023 28.4 30.0 1.6 5.6 1.4 125,880 Doctoral or professional degree 1 5 years or more 1 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Judicial law clerks
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Judicial Clerk

23-1012 14.0 14.8 0.8 5.5 0.8 51,760 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 None 6
Kindergarten teachers, except special education
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Bilingual Kindergarten Teacher
* Kindergarten Teacher

25-2012 154.4 166.7 12.2 7.9 16.7 52,620 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Labor relations specialists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Employee Relations Specialist
* Industrial Relations Analyst
* Industrial Relations Specialist
* Labor Relations Consultant
* Labor Relations Representative
* Union Representative

13-1075 81.1 74.8 -6.3 -7.8 6.8 62,310 Bachelor's degree 3 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
Laborers and freight, stock, and material movers, hand
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Cargo Handler
* Cart Pusher
* Freight Handler
* Grave Digger
* Manufacturing Laborer
* Material Handler
* Package Handler
* Shipping and Receiving Material Handler
* Stock Mover
* Van Loader
* Wharf Laborer

53-7062 2,628.4 2,829.2 200.8 7.6 388.6 25,980 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Landscape architects
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Golf Course Architect
* Golf Course Designer
* Landscape Designer
* Lanscape Architect

17-1012 24.7 26.2 1.5 6.2 1.9 63,480 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 Internship/residency 1
Landscaping and groundskeeping workers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Golf Course Laborer
* Greenskeeper
* Greenskeeper Laborer
* Grounds Caretaker
* Grounds Maintenance Worker
* Hedge Trimmer
* Lawn Care Worker
* Lawn Caretaker
* Lawn Maintenance Worker
* Lawn Mower
* Lawn Service Worker
* Shrub Planter
* Sod Layer

37-3011 1,197.9 1,321.2 123.3 10.3 161.1 26,320 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Lathe and turning machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Engine Lathe Operator
* Gear Cutter
* Screw Machine Operator
* Screw Machine Tool Setter

51-4034 33.7 30.8 -2.8 -8.4 2.9 38,480 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Laundry and dry-cleaning workers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Drycleaner
* Launderer
* Laundress
* Laundry Attendant
* Laundry Equipment Operator
* Laundry Operator
* Laundry Sorter
* Laundry Worker
* Precision Dyer

51-6011 220.1 219.3 -0.7 -0.3 29.4 21,510 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Law teachers, postsecondary
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Constitutional Law Professor
* Contracts Law Professor
* Criminal Law Professor
* Environmental Law Professor
* Labor Law Professor
* Torts Law Professor

25-1112 21.2 23.8 2.6 12.2 1.9 111,210 Doctoral or professional degree 1 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
Lawyers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Agency Legal Counsel
* Assistant Attorney General
* Assistant Corporation Counsel
* Assistant Counsel
* Associate Attorney
* Attorney
* Attorney At Law
* Attorney General
* Brief Writer
* City Attorney
* Civil Lawyer
* Commonwealth Attorney
* Corporate Attorney
* Corporate Counsel
* Corporate Counselor
* County Attorney
* Defense Attorney
* Deputy Attorney General
* Deputy Chief Counsel
* District Attorney
* Environmental Attorney
* Estate Conservator
* General Counsel
* Insurance Attorney
* Lawyer
* Legal Counsel
* Probate Lawyer
* Prosecutor
* Public Defender
* Real Estate Attorney
* Sports Attorney
* Tax Attorney
* Trial Attorney
* Trial Lawyer

23-1011 792.5 867.4 74.8 9.4 41.9 118,160 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 None 6
Layout workers, metal and plastic
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Shipfitter
* Shipfitter Apprentice

51-4192 9.2 8.5 -0.6 -6.8 0.9 45,820 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Legal secretaries
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Accredited Legal Secretary
* Certified Legal Secretary Specialist
* Law Secretary
* Legal Administrative Assistant

43-6012 194.7 157.5 -37.1 -19.1 15.0 44,180 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Legal support workers, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Legal Technician

23-2099 50.9 52.7 1.8 3.6 4.4 54,650 Associate's degree 4 None 4 None 6
Legislators
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* City Alderman
* City Council Member
* Congressional Representative
* Councilor
* Legislator
* Member of Congress
* Selectman
* Senator
* Tribal Council Member

11-1031 55.5 59.4 3.9 7.1 4.4 23,470 Bachelor's degree 3 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
Librarians
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Acquisitions Librarian
* Catalog Librarian
* Children's Librarian
* Collection Development Librarian
* College Librarian
* Electronic Resources Librarian
* Film Librarian
* Government Documents Librarian
* High School Librarian
* Interlibrary Loan Services Librarian
* Law Librarian
* Medical Librarian
* Music Librarian
* Periodicals Librarian
* Record Librarian
* Reference Librarian
* Research Librarian
* School Librarian
* Serials Librarian
* Technical Services Librarian
* University Librarian
* Youth Services Librarian

25-4021 138.2 150.6 12.4 8.9 14.5 57,680 Master's degree 2 None 4 None 6
Library assistants, clerical
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Book Sorter
* Braille and Talking Books Clerk
* Circulation Clerk
* Film Library Clerk
* Library Aide
* Library Assistant
* Library Circulation Clerk
* Library Clerk
* Medical Library Assistant
* Microfilm Clerk

43-4121 104.3 114.1 9.8 9.4 16.3 25,220 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Library science teachers, postsecondary
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Library and Information Science Professor
* Library and Information Technology Instructor
* Medical Records Library Professor

25-1082 6.0 6.5 0.5 9.0 0.5 68,410 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 None 6
Library technicians
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Cataloging Library Technical Assistant
* Library Acquisitions Technician
* Library Cataloging Technician
* Library Circulation Technician
* Library Technical Assistant
* Serials or Bindery Library Technical Assistant

25-4031 99.2 108.2 9.0 9.1 14.4 32,890 Postsecondary nondegree award 5 None 4 None 6
Licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* LP Nurse
* LPN
* LVN
* Licensed Practical Nurse
* Licensed Vocational Nurse
* Pediatric Licensed Practical Nurse
* Triage Licensed Practical Nurse

29-2061 724.5 813.1 88.6 12.2 62.7 44,090 Postsecondary nondegree award 5 None 4 None 6
Life scientists, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Life Science Taxonomist

19-1099 8.9 9.7 0.8 9.0 0.8 73,860 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Life, physical, and social science technicians, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Meteorological Aide
* Polygraph Examiner

19-4099 76.1 83.4 7.3 9.6 9.9 46,040 Associate's degree 4 None 4 None 6
Lifeguards, ski patrol, and other recreational protective service workers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Beach Lifeguard
* Certified Ski Patroller
* Life Guard
* OEC Technician
* Outdoor Emergency Care Technician
* Pool Lifeguard
* Ski Patrol

33-9092 152.1 163.7 11.7 7.7 39.7 20,290 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Light truck or delivery services drivers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Pharmacy Delivery Driver

53-3033 953.5 1,018.3 64.8 6.8 110.2 30,580 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Loading machine operators, underground mining
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Coke Loader
* Joy Loader
* Load Haul Dump Operator

53-7033 2.6 2.5 -0.1 -3.2 0.3 53,420 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Loan interviewers and clerks
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Loan Interviewer
* Loan Processor
* Mortgage Closing Clerk
* Mortgage Loan Closer
* Mortgage Loan Processing Clerk
* Mortgage Loan Processor
* Mortgage Processor

43-4131 229.8 258.2 28.4 12.4 25.7 38,630 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Loan officers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Branch Lending Officer
* Commercial Lender
* Loan Analyst
* Loan Officer
* Loan Reviewer
* Real Estate Loan Officer

13-2072 318.6 355.1 36.5 11.5 30.5 63,650 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Locker room, coatroom, and dressing room attendants
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Athletic Equipment Manager
* Bathhouse Attendant
* Checkroom Attendant
* Cloak Room Attendant
* Coat Checker
* Ladies Locker Room Attendant
* Locker Room Attendant
* Locker Room Manager
* Locker Room Supervisor
* Washroom Attendant

39-3093 18.6 20.2 1.6 8.7 4.5 21,720 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Locksmiths and safe repairers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Key Maker
* Keysmith
* Lock Expert
* Lock Fitter
* Lock Setter
* Lock Technician
* Locksmith
* Safe and Vault Installer
* Safe and Vault Mechanic

49-9094 28.7 27.8 -0.9 -3.2 2.5 40,420 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Long-term on-the-job training 3
Locomotive engineers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Freight Engineer
* Railroad Engineer
* Railway Engineer
* Train Engineer

53-4011 38.8 37.7 -1.1 -2.8 3.0 57,670 High school diploma or equivalent 7 Less than 5 years 2 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Locomotive firers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Diesel Locomotive Firer
* Dinkey Engine Firer
* Railroad Firer

53-4012 1.2 0.3 -0.9 -78.6 0.0 58,230 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Lodging managers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Bed and Breakfast Innkeeper
* Boardinghouse Keeper
* Hotel Director
* Hotel Manager
* Hotel Operations Manager
* Innkeeper
* Lodging Facilities Manager

11-9081 47.8 50.6 2.8 5.9 5.1 51,840 High school diploma or equivalent 7 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
Log graders and scalers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Log Check Scaler
* Log Grader
* Log Scaler
* Log Sorter
* Timber Estimator
* Veneer Grader

45-4023 4.2 4.3 0.1 2.7 0.6 37,090 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Logging equipment operators
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Delimber Operator
* Feller Buncher Operator
* Feller Operator
* Grapple Operator
* Grapple Skidder Operator
* Log Hauler
* Log Processor Operator
* Log Stacker Operator
* Logging Crane Operator
* Logging Shovel Operator
* Logging Tractor Operator
* Lumber Stacker Operator
* Timber Harvester Operator
* Tree-Shear Operator

45-4022 39.1 36.3 -2.7 -7.0 4.5 37,490 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Logging workers, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Log Cutter
* Log Peeler
* Log Roper
* Rigging Slinger
* Timber Hand

45-4029 4.5 4.1 -0.4 -9.5 0.5 38,950 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Logisticians
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Logistician
* Logistics Analyst
* Logistics Coordinator
* Logistics Planner
* Logistics Specialist

13-1081 148.7 159.0 10.3 6.9 15.6 74,170 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Machine feeders and offbearers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Brick Offbearer
* Chain Offbearer
* Chopper Feeder
* Doffer
* Dryer Feeder
* Hopper Feeder
* Hopper Filler
* Line Feeder
* Offbearer
* Packing Machine Can Feeder
* Spike Machine Feeder
* Spinning Doffer
* Spooler Operator

53-7063 87.7 89.3 1.6 1.8 12.0 28,410 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Machinists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Automotive Machinist
* CNC Machinist
* Gear Machinist
* Manual Lathe Machinist
* Precision Machinist
* Production Machinist
* Tool Room Machinist

51-4041 396.2 404.6 8.5 2.1 40.8 41,700 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Long-term on-the-job training 3
Magnetic resonance imaging technologists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Computed Tomography/Magnetic Resonance Imaging (CT/MRI) Technologist
* MRI Technologist

29-2035 36.6 41.5 5.0 13.6 2.5 68,420 Associate's degree 4 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
Maids and housekeeping cleaners
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Chambermaid
* Cleaning Maid
* Cottage Attendant
* Domestic Maid
* House Cleaner
* Housekeeping Aide
* Housekeeping Staff
* Motel Maid
* Ward Maid

37-2012 1,443.2 1,523.6 80.4 5.6 200.8 21,820 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Mail clerks and mail machine operators, except postal service
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Direct Mail Clerk
* Mailroom Clerk
* Packaging Clerk

43-9051 95.5 88.3 -7.1 -7.5 9.4 29,160 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Maintenance and repair workers, general
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Building Maintenance Mechanic
* Building Mechanic
* Building Services Mechanic
* Maintenance Mechanic
* Mechanics Handyman
* Plant Maintenance Technician

49-9071 1,432.6 1,545.3 112.7 7.9 154.7 36,940 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Maintenance workers, machinery
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Crane Oiler

49-9043 89.7 94.7 5.0 5.6 9.8 44,550 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Long-term on-the-job training 3
Makeup artists, theatrical and performance
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Special Effects Makeup Artist

39-5091 4.8 5.4 0.5 11.2 0.6 60,970 Postsecondary nondegree award 5 None 4 None 6
Management analysts
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Business Analyst
* Business Consultant
* Business Management Analyst
* Business Process Consultant
* Clerical Methods Analyst
* Commercial Specialist
* Industrial Analyst
* Management Analyst
* Management Consultant
* Records Management Analyst

13-1111 806.4 902.8 96.5 12.0 81.3 81,330 Bachelor's degree 3 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
Managers, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Clerk of Court
* Director of Entertainment
* Environmental Control Administrator
* Highway Patrol Commander
* Safety Coordinator
* Social Science Manager
* Utilities Manager

11-9199 992.1 1,068.0 75.8 7.6 78.7 104,970 Bachelor's degree 3 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
Manicurists and pedicurists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Fingernail Sculptor
* Nail Technician
* Pedicurist

39-5092 126.3 141.4 15.2 12.0 16.4 22,150 Postsecondary nondegree award 5 None 4 None 6
Manufactured building and mobile home installers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Housetrailer Servicer
* Mobile Home Mechanic
* Mobile Home Servicer
* Mobile Home Technician
* Modular Home Crew Member

49-9095 4.3 4.0 -0.4 -8.8 0.3 29,810 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Marine engineers and naval architects
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Marine Architect
* Marine Equipment Engineer
* Marine Structural Designer
* Naval Engineer
* Ships Equipment Engineer

17-2121 8.2 9.2 1.0 11.5 0.6 93,350 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Market research analysts and marketing specialists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Market Research Analyst
* Market Research Specialist
* Marketing Analyst
* Marketing Consultant
* Marketing Forecaster
* Marketing Specialist

13-1161 595.4 731.4 136.0 22.8 76.7 62,560 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Marketing managers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Internet Marketing Manager
* Marketing Administrator
* Marketing Director
* VP Marketing

11-2021 218.3 240.1 21.8 10.0 21.3 131,180 Bachelor's degree 3 5 years or more 1 None 6
Marriage and family therapists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Child and Family Counselor
* Couples Therapist
* Family Counselor
* Family Therapist
* Marriage Counselor
* Marriage Therapist
* Relationship Counselor

21-1013 41.5 49.9 8.4 20.2 5.5 49,170 Master's degree 2 None 4 Internship/residency 1
Massage therapists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Deep Tissue Massage Therapist
* Licensed Massage Practitioner
* Licensed Massage Therapist
* Massage Therapist
* Masseur
* Masseuse
* Massotherapist
* Rolfer
* Swedish Masseuse

31-9011 160.3 198.1 37.7 23.5 21.9 39,860 Postsecondary nondegree award 5 None 4 None 6
Material moving workers, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Freight Elevator Operator

53-7199 24.4 26.7 2.3 9.3 3.2 28,370 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Materials engineers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Automotive Sheet Metal Engineer
* Ceramic Engineer
* Forensic Materials Engineer
* Glass Science Engineer
* Metallographer
* Metallurgical Engineer
* Metallurgist
* Welding Engineer

17-2131 27.0 27.5 0.4 1.6 1.9 93,310 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Materials scientists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Materials Scientist
* Metal Alloy Scientist
* Plastics Scientist

19-2032 7.9 8.5 0.6 7.1 0.8 99,430 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Mathematical science occupations, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Harmonic Analyst

15-2099 2.2 2.4 0.2 10.7 0.2 65,050 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Mathematical science teachers, postsecondary
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Actuarial Science Professor
* Biostatistics Professor
* Calculus Professor
* Geometry Professor
* Mathematics Professor
* Statistical Methods Professor
* Statistics Professor
* Topology Professor

25-1022 60.9 66.6 5.6 9.2 5.3 69,520 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 None 6
Mathematical technicians
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Mathematical Engineering Technician
* Mathematics Technician

15-2091 0.6 0.6 0.0 7.5 0.0 49,660 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Mathematicians
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Algebraist
* Cipher Expert
* Cryptanalyst
* Cryptographer
* Cryptographic Vulnerability Analyst
* Geometrician
* Mathematician

15-2021 3.1 4.0 0.9 29.4 0.3 105,810 Master's degree 2 None 4 None 6
Meat, poultry, and fish cutters and trimmers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Crab Picker
* Deboner
* Fish Cutter
* Fish Filleter
* Frozen Meat Cutter
* Meat Trimmer
* Oyster Shucker
* Poultry Cutter
* Poultry Eviscerator
* Shrimp Peeler
* Shrimp Picker
* Wing Scorer

51-3022 156.4 157.7 1.2 0.8 19.1 24,490 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Mechanical door repairers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Automatic Door Mechanic
* Door Closer Mechanic
* Garage Door Technician
* Mechanical Door Repairer
* Overhead Door Technician

49-9011 20.4 22.5 2.1 10.4 1.8 38,480 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Mechanical drafters
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Aeronautical Drafter
* Automotive Design Drafter
* Die Designer
* Gage Designer
* Mechanical Design Drafter
* Mechanical Drafter
* Tool Designer
* Tool and Die Designer

17-3013 64.8 68.1 3.3 5.1 5.9 54,480 Associate's degree 4 None 4 None 6
Mechanical engineering technicians
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Gyroscopic Engineering Technician
* Heat Transfer Technician
* Hydraulic Technician
* Mechanical Engineering Technician
* Optomechanical Technician

17-3027 46.1 48.4 2.3 5.0 4.2 54,480 Associate's degree 4 None 4 None 6
Mechanical engineers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Auto Research Engineer
* Combustion Engineer
* Engine Designer
* Heating and Cooling Systems Engineer
* Mechanical Engineer
* Tool Engineer
* Tool and Die Engineer

17-2141 288.8 314.1 25.3 8.8 21.2 84,190 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Media and communication equipment workers, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Dimmer Board Operator
* Satellite Communications Operator
* Spotlight Operator

27-4099 20.6 22.2 1.6 7.9 2.1 75,700 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Media and communication workers, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Stage Technician

27-3099 32.9 35.8 2.9 8.7 3.3 43,600 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Medical and clinical laboratory technicians
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Blood Bank Laboratory Technician
* Hematology Technician
* Hemodialysis Technician
* Histologic Aide
* Histologic Technician
* Histology Technician
* Histotechnician
* Neurology Technician
* Pathology Technician
* Serology Technician

29-2012 164.2 187.2 22.9 14.0 12.9 38,950 Associate's degree 4 None 4 None 6
Medical and clinical laboratory technologists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Biochemistry Technologist
* Blood Bank Laboratory Technologist
* Chief Medical Technologist
* Clinical Laboratory Technologist
* Cytogenetic Technologist
* Cytologist
* Cytotechnologist
* Histologist Technologist
* Histotechnologist
* Immunohematologist
* Pathology Laboratory Technologist
* Tissue Technologist

29-2011 171.4 191.2 19.7 11.5 12.9 61,070 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Medical and health services managers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Clinic Director
* Clinical Services Director
* Emergency Medical Service Coordinator
* Health Care Manager
* Health Services Administrator
* Health Services Director
* Healthcare Administrator
* Healthcare Manager
* Hospice Director
* Hospice Plan Administrator
* Hospital Administrator
* Hospital Director
* Medical Director
* Medical Records Administrator
* Medical and Health Information Manager
* Mental Health Program Manager
* Nursing Home Manager
* Nursing Service Director
* Occupational Therapy Director
* Public Health Administrator
* Respiratory Therapy Director
* Speech and Hearing Therapy Director
* Wellness Director
* Wellness Manager

11-9111 352.2 422.0 69.8 19.8 36.4 96,540 Bachelor's degree 3 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
Medical appliance technicians
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Arch-Support Maker
* Brace Maker
* Hearing Aid Repair Technician
* Orthopaedic Technician
* Orthopaedic Technologist
* Orthotic Fabricator Technician
* Orthotic Finish Grinding Technician
* Orthotics Fitter
* Orthotics Technician
* Prosthetics Fabrication Technician
* Prosthetics Lab Technician
* Prosthetics Technician
* Surgical Appliance Fitter

51-9082 15.0 17.0 2.0 13.7 2.0 35,980 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Medical assistants
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Autopsy Assistant
* Certified Medical Assistant
* Chiropractic Assistant
* Clinical Medical Assistant
* Morgue Attendant
* Ocular Care Aide
* Optometric Aide
* Optometrist Assistant
* Optometry Assistant
* Orthopedic Cast Specialist
* Podiatric Aide

31-9092 634.4 819.0 184.6 29.1 95.0 31,540 Postsecondary nondegree award 5 None 4 None 6
Medical equipment preparers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Central Sterile Supply Technician
* Certified Registered Central Service Technician
* Health Equipment Servicer
* Medical Equipment Preparer
* Medical Supply Technician
* Oxygen Equipment Preparer
* Sterile Preparation Technician
* Sterile Processing Technician
* Sterile Processing and Distribution Technician
* Sterilization Specialist
* Sterilization Technician

31-9093 54.2 60.1 5.9 10.9 7.6 34,400 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Medical equipment repairers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* BMET
* Biomedical Electronics Technician
* Biomedical Equipment Technician
* Certified Biomedical Equipment Technician
* Dental Equipment Mechanic
* Dental Equipment Repairer
* Durable Medical Equipment Repairer
* Electromedical Equipment Technician
* Radiology Equipment Servicer
* Surgical Instrument Mechanic

49-9062 47.1 49.6 2.5 5.3 4.4 48,070 Associate's degree 4 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Medical records and health information technicians
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Cancer Registrar
* Health Information Coder
* Health Information Specialist
* Health Information Systems Technician
* Health Records Technician
* Medical Records Specialist

29-2071 206.3 234.1 27.8 13.5 15.8 38,040 Postsecondary nondegree award 5 None 4 None 6
Medical scientists, except epidemiologists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Cancer Researcher
* Clinical Pharmacologist
* Clinical Research Scientist
* Gerontologist
* Histologist
* Histopathologist
* Immunochemist
* Industrial Pharmacist
* Medical Health Researcher
* Medical Research Scientist
* Medical Scientist
* Neuroscientist
* Pharmacologist
* Serologist
* Toxicologist

19-1042 120.0 135.9 15.9 13.2 12.1 80,530 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 None 6
Medical secretaries
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Dental Secretary
* Hospital Secretary
* Psychiatric Secretary

43-6013 574.2 703.2 129.1 22.5 80.8 33,730 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Medical transcriptionists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Certified Medical Transcriptionist
* Medical Record Transcriber
* Medical Stenographer
* Medical Transcriber
* Medical Transcriptionist
* Pathology Transcriptionist
* Radiology Transcriptionist
* Registered Medical Transcriptionist

31-9094 57.4 55.4 -2.0 -3.5 6.4 35,720 Postsecondary nondegree award 5 None 4 None 6
Meeting, convention, and event planners
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Certified Meeting Professional
* Conference Organizer
* Conference Planner
* Conference Planning Manager
* Conference Services Director
* Conference Services Manager
* Convention Planner
* Convention Services Manager
* Corporate Meeting Planner
* Event Planner
* Events Manager
* Wedding Planner

13-1121 116.7 128.5 11.8 10.2 15.0 47,350 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Mental health and substance abuse social workers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Community Mental Health Social Worker
* Drug Abuse Social Worker
* Psychiatric Social Worker
* Psychotherapist Social Worker

21-1023 123.9 146.1 22.2 17.9 15.7 42,700 Master's degree 2 None 4 Internship/residency 1
Mental health counselors
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Clinical Mental Health Counselor
* Licensed Clinical Mental Health Counselor
* Licensed Clinical Mental Health Counselor (LCMHC)
* Licensed Mental Health Counselor
* Licensed Mental Health Counselor (LMHC)
* Mental Health Counselor

21-1014 157.7 188.9 31.2 19.8 20.8 42,840 Master's degree 2 None 4 Internship/residency 1
Merchandise displayers and window trimmers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Display Artist
* Display Decorator
* Display Designer
* Display Specialist
* Mannequin Decorator
* Merchandise Displayer
* Show Floor Decorator
* Visual Merchandiser
* Visual Merchandising Specialist
* Window Decorator
* Window Draper
* Window Dresser
* Window Trimmer

27-1026 141.4 146.8 5.3 3.8 13.7 26,700 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Metal workers and plastic workers, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Electrical Discharge Machine Setup Operator
* Metal Rivet Machine Operator
* Tin Recovery Worker

51-4199 23.0 21.4 -1.5 -6.6 2.2 33,280 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Metal-refining furnace operators and tenders
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Electric Arc Furnace Operator
* Melt Room Operator
* Smelter Operator

51-4051 17.7 16.3 -1.4 -8.1 1.5 41,040 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Meter readers, utilities
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Electric Meter Reader
* Gas Meter Reader
* Water Meter Reader

43-5041 34.8 33.2 -1.5 -4.4 2.3 38,940 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Microbiologists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Bacteriologist
* Clinical Microbiologist
* Medical Microbiologist
* Microbiological Analyst
* Public Health Microbiologist
* Quality Control Microbiologist
* Virologist

19-1022 23.2 25.1 1.9 8.0 2.2 66,850 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Middle school teachers, except special and career/technical education
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* 7th Grade Social Studies Teacher
* Junior High School Teacher
* Middle School PE Teacher
* Middle School Science Teacher

25-2022 630.3 677.7 47.3 7.5 50.5 56,720 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Milling and planing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Metal Milling Machine Operator
* Metal Rotary Head Milling Machine Setup Operator
* Plastic Thread Milling Machine Setup Operator

51-4035 17.6 14.2 -3.4 -19.3 1.3 39,840 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Millwrights
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Construction Millwright
* Machine Erector
* Machinery Dismantler
* Maintenance Millwright
* Manufacturing Millwright

49-9044 39.5 43.4 3.9 9.8 4.0 52,440 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Apprenticeship 2
Mine cutting and channeling machine operators
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Bore Miner Operator
* Clay Mine Cutting Machine Operator
* Long Wall Mining Machine Tender
* Long Wall Shear Operator
* Mine Cutting and Channeling Machine Operator
* Shale Planer Operator
* Shearer Operator

47-5042 6.1 5.8 -0.3 -4.7 0.7 51,900 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Mine shuttle car operators
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Coal Hauler Operator

53-7111 1.5 1.2 -0.3 -21.9 0.1 56,450 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Mining and geological engineers, including mining safety engineers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Geophysical Engineer
* Mineral Engineer
* Mining Engineer
* Seismic Engineer

17-2151 7.3 7.9 0.5 7.2 0.6 93,720 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Mining machine operators, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Dry Placer Machine Operator
* Rock Dust Sprayer
* Rock Duster

47-5049 2.2 2.2 0.0 0.1 0.3 48,010 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Mixing and blending machine setters, operators, and tenders
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Asphalt Blender
* Clay Mixer
* Concrete Batcher
* Dye Mixer
* Glue Mixer
* Ink Blender
* Ink Mixer
* Plaster Mixer
* Resin Mixer

51-9023 131.0 126.9 -4.1 -3.1 13.9 35,680 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Mobile heavy equipment mechanics, except engines
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Bulldozer Mechanic
* Construction Equipment Mechanic
* Dragline Mechanic
* Forklift Mechanic
* Forklift Technician

49-3042 127.4 137.8 10.4 8.2 13.5 49,370 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Long-term on-the-job training 3
Model makers, metal and plastic
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Metal Mockup Maker
* Plastic Jig and Fixture Builder

51-4061 6.3 5.5 -0.8 -12.2 0.6 48,550 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Model makers, wood
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Architectural Wood Model Maker

51-7031 1.9 2.0 0.1 3.6 0.2 40,890 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Models
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Artist's Model
* Clothes Model
* Fashion Model
* Figure Model
* Hand Model
* Hat Model
* Model
* Photographer's Model
* Studio Model

41-9012 4.8 4.8 0.0 -0.9 0.8 21,870 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 None 6
Molders, shapers, and casters, except metal and plastic
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Almond Paste Molder
* Burial Vault Maker
* Cigar Roller
* Clay Modeler
* Concrete Vault Maker
* Glass Bender
* Glass Block Bender
* Glass Blower
* Glass Presser
* Glass Tube Bender
* Mannequin Mold Maker
* Neon Glass Bender
* Neon Glass Blower
* Neon Molder
* Neon Tube Bender
* Rubber Molder
* Stone Carver

51-9195 43.0 42.5 -0.4 -1.0 4.2 30,610 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Long-term on-the-job training 3
Molding, coremaking, and casting machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Aluminum Molding Machine Operator
* Blow Mold Operator
* Compression Molding Machine Operator
* Plastic Cup Fabricating Machine Operator

51-4072 145.4 123.6 -21.8 -15.0 12.9 30,480 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Morticians, undertakers, and funeral directors
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Certified Mortician
* Funeral Arrangement Director
* Funeral Arranger
* Funeral Director
* Licensed Funeral Director

39-4031 28.7 30.0 1.3 4.6 3.7 50,090 Associate's degree 4 None 4 Long-term on-the-job training 3
Motion picture projectionists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Chief Projectionist
* Film Projector Operator
* Motion Picture Operator
* Motion Picture Projectionist
* Movie Projectionist
* Projector Booth Operator
* Stereoptician

39-3021 5.8 5.2 -0.6 -9.9 0.6 22,100 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Motor vehicle operators, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Assembly Line Driver
* Ice-Resurfacing Machine Operators
* Motorcycle Deliverer
* Street Cleaning Equipment Operator
* Street Sweeper Operator

53-3099 56.2 62.0 5.8 10.3 10.7 27,150 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Motorboat mechanics and service technicians
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Certified Marine Mechanic
* Marine Propulsion Technician
* Marine Technician
* Motorboat Mechanic
* Outboard Motor Mechanic
* Outboard Technician

49-3051 23.4 23.5 0.1 0.6 2.4 38,780 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Long-term on-the-job training 3
Motorboat operators
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Launch Operator
* Motorboat Operator
* Outboard Motorboat Operator
* Speedboat Driver
* Speedboat Operator
* Water Taxi Ferry Operator
* Water Taxi Operator

53-5022 3.6 3.9 0.3 7.6 0.4 40,210 Postsecondary nondegree award 5 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
Motorcycle mechanics
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* ATV Technician
* All Terrain Vehicle Technician
* Motor Scooter Mechanic
* Motorcycle Mechanic
* Motorcycle Repairer
* Motorcycle Service Technician
* Motorcycle Technician
* Scooter Mechanic

49-3052 18.3 18.6 0.3 1.4 1.9 34,720 Postsecondary nondegree award 5 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Multimedia artists and animators
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* 3D Animator
* Animator
* Multimedia Artist
* Special Effects Artist

27-1014 73.7 81.3 7.7 10.4 6.8 65,300 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Multiple machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Combination Machine Tool Operator
* Multi-operation Forming Machine Setter

51-4081 117.8 114.7 -3.1 -2.6 12.0 34,340 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Museum technicians and conservators
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Art Conservator
* Art Preparator
* Conservation Technician
* Ethnographic Materials Conservator
* Museum Exhibit Technician
* Objects Conservator
* Paintings Conservator
* Paper Conservator
* Textile Conservator

25-4013 11.8 13.3 1.5 12.4 1.4 40,040 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Music directors and composers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Choir Director
* Choirmaster
* Chorus Master
* Composer
* Jingle Writer
* Maestro
* Music Adapter
* Music Arranger
* Music Copyist
* Music Director
* Music Minister
* Music Pastor
* Orchestra Conductor
* Orchestra Director
* Orchestrator
* Songwriter

27-2041 74.8 79.4 4.6 6.1 7.8 50,110 Bachelor's degree 3 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
Musical instrument repairers and tuners
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Accordion Repairer
* Band Instrument Repair Technician
* Banjo Repairer
* Bow Rehairer
* Brass and Wind Instrument Repairer
* Chip Tuner
* Fretted String Instrument Repairer
* Guitar Builder
* Guitar Repairer
* Keyboard Instrument Repairer
* Luthier
* Mandolin Repairer
* Organ Installer
* Organ Tuner
* Percussion Instrument Repairer
* Piano Regulator
* Piano Technician
* Piano Tuner
* Pipe Organ Technician
* Stringed Instrument Repairer
* Tone Regulator
* Violin Repairer

49-9063 8.3 8.5 0.2 2.3 0.7 35,010 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Apprenticeship 2
Musicians and singers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Accompanist
* Baritone
* Bassoonist
* Bugler
* Cellist
* Choir Member
* Church Organist
* Clarinetist
* Concert Pianist
* Concert Singer
* Double Bass Player
* English Horn Player
* Flutist
* Guitar Player
* Guitarist
* Harpist
* Horn Player
* Instrumentalist
* Musician
* Oboist
* Opera Singer
* Organist
* Percussionist
* Pianist
* Piano Player
* Piccoloist
* Rapper
* Soloist
* Tenor
* Timpanist
* Trombonist
* Trumpet Player
* Trumpeter
* Violinist
* Violist
* Vocalist

27-2042 172.4 183.8 11.3 6.6 18.0 N/A No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Long-term on-the-job training 3
Natural sciences managers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Agricultural Research Director
* Geochemical Manager
* Geophysical Manager
* Ocean Program Administrator

11-9121 56.7 62.3 5.6 9.9 5.2 119,850 Bachelor's degree 3 5 years or more 1 None 6
Network and computer systems administrators
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Computer Systems Security Administrator
* LAN Administrator
* LAN Systems Administrator
* Local Area Network Administrator
* Network Coordinator
* Network Security Administrator
* Network Support Coordinator
* Network Support Manager
* Network Systems Administrator
* Network Systems Coordinator
* WAN Systems Administrator
* Wide Area Network Administrator

15-1142 391.3 415.2 23.9 6.1 27.0 79,700 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
New accounts clerks
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Banking Services Clerk
* New Accounts Banking Representative
* New Client Banking Services Clerk

43-4141 42.0 39.4 -2.6 -6.2 4.0 34,990 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Nonfarm animal caretakers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Animal Care Giver
* Animal Care Technician
* Animal Caregiver
* Animal Daycare Provider
* Animal Groomer
* Animal Shelter Worker
* Animal Sitter
* Aquarist
* Aquarium Tank Attendant
* Cat and Dog Bather
* Dog Bather
* Dog Beautician
* Dog Groomer
* Dog Sitter
* Horse Exerciser
* Kennel Aide
* Kennel Attendant
* Kennel Helper
* Kennel Worker
* Pet Feeder
* Pet Groomer
* Pet Sitter
* Pet Stylist
* Zookeeper

39-2021 241.5 294.4 52.8 21.9 45.2 21,990 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Nuclear engineers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Atomic Process Engineer
* Nuclear Engineer
* Nuclear Radiation Engineer
* Nuclear Steam Supply System Engineer
* Radiation Engineer
* Reactor Engineer
* Reactor Projects Engineer

17-2161 17.7 18.4 0.7 3.8 1.4 102,220 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Nuclear medicine technologists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Certified Nuclear Medicine Technologist
* Isotope Technologist
* Nuclear Cardiology Technologist
* Nuclear Medical Technologist
* Radioisotope Technologist
* Registered Nuclear Medicine Technologist

29-2033 20.1 22.0 2.0 9.8 1.3 74,350 Associate's degree 4 None 4 None 6
Nuclear power reactor operators
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Nuclear Control Room Operator
* Nuclear Reactor Operator
* Nuclear Station Operator
* Reactor Operator

51-8011 7.0 6.3 -0.7 -10.2 0.5 91,170 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Long-term on-the-job training 3
Nuclear technicians
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Nuclear Monitoring Technician
* Nuclear Technician
* Radiation Protection Technician
* Radiochemical Technician

19-4051 6.9 6.9 0.0 0.6 0.8 79,140 Associate's degree 4 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Nurse anesthetists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist
* Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist (CRNA)
* DNAP
* Doctor of Nurse Anesthesia Practice
* Nurse Anesthetist

29-1151 41.8 48.5 6.7 16.0 2.8 160,270 Master's degree 2 None 4 None 6
Nurse midwives
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Certified Nurse Midwife
* Certified Nurse Midwife (CNM)

29-1161 6.5 7.8 1.3 20.6 0.5 99,770 Master's degree 2 None 4 None 6
Nurse practitioners
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Acute Care Nurse Practitioner
* Adult Nurse Practitioner
* Cardiology Nurse Practitioner
* Certified Nurse Practitioner
* Certified Pediatric Nurse Practitioner
* Certified Registered Nurse Practitioner
* Dermatology Nurse Practitioner
* Electrophysiology Nurse Practitioner
* Emergency Medicine Nurse Practitioner
* Family Health Nurse Practitioner
* Family Practice Nurse Practitioner
* Gastroenterology Nurse Practitioner
* Gerontological Nurse Practitioner
* Internal Medicine Nurse Practitioner
* NP
* Neurosurgical Nurse Practitioner
* Nurse Practitioner
* Obstetrics-Gynecology Nurse Practitioner
* Orthopedic Nurse Practitioner
* Palliative Care Nurse Practitioner
* Pediatric Nurse Practitioner
* Surgical Nurse Practitioner

29-1171 155.5 211.5 56.0 36.0 14.4 100,910 Master's degree 2 None 4 None 6
Nursing assistants
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* C.N.A.
* Certified Nurse Aide
* Certified Nursing Assistant
* Hospital Aide
* Hospital Attendant
* Nursing Aide
* Nursing Attendant
* Nursing Care Attendant

31-1014 1,510.3 1,674.4 164.0 10.9 193.6 26,590 Postsecondary nondegree award 5 None 4 None 6
Nursing instructors and teachers, postsecondary
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Advanced Nursing Professor
* Clinical Nursing Instructor
* Clinical Nursing Professor
* Registered Nursing Professor

25-1072 67.9 84.2 16.3 24.0 7.3 69,130 Doctoral or professional degree 1 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
Obstetricians and gynecologists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Gynecologist
* OB Specialist
* OB/GYN
* OB/GYN Physician
* Obstetrician
* Obstetrician/Gynecologist

29-1064 21.7 25.5 3.9 17.9 1.0 >=208,000 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 Internship/residency 1
Occupational health and safety specialists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Certified Indoor Environmentalist
* Certified Industrial Hygienist
* Certified Professional Ergonomist
* Environmental Health Sanitarian
* Health and Safety Inspector
* Industrial Hygienist
* Industrial Safety and Health Specialist
* Occupational Health and Safety Specialist
* Occupational Safety and Health Inspector
* Radiological Health Specialist

29-9011 83.7 90.1 6.4 7.6 4.9 70,920 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Occupational health and safety technicians
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* CHST
* Construction Health and Safety Technician
* Environmental Health Technologist
* Ergonomics Technician
* Occupational Health and Safety Technician
* Occupational Health and Safety Technologist
* Occupational Health and Safety Technologist (OHST)

29-9012 18.1 19.8 1.7 9.5 1.1 48,820 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Occupational therapists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* OT
* Occupational Therapist
* Registered Occupational Therapist

29-1122 130.4 158.0 27.7 21.2 9.7 81,910 Master's degree 2 None 4 None 6
Occupational therapy aides
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Certified Occupational Rehabilitation Aide
* OT Aide
* Occupational Rehabilitation Aide
* Occupational Therapist Aide
* Rehabilitation Services Aide

31-2012 7.5 9.3 1.8 24.7 1.2 28,330 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Occupational therapy assistants
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* COTA
* Certified Occupational Therapy Assistant
* Licensed Occupational Therapy Assistant
* Occupational Therapist Assistants

31-2011 39.3 50.7 11.4 28.9 6.6 59,010 Associate's degree 4 None 4 None 6
Office and administrative support workers, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Braille Transcriber
* Envelope Stuffer
* Fingerprint Clerk
* Investigation Clerk
* Newspaper Inserter
* Notary Public

43-9199 243.2 265.5 22.3 9.2 29.5 34,020 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Office clerks, general
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Administrative Clerk
* Office Assistant
* Office Clerk
* Real Estate Clerk

43-9061 3,117.7 3,085.7 -32.1 -1.0 356.2 30,580 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Office machine operators, except computer
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Business Machine Operator
* Coin Machine Operator
* Coin Rolling Machine Operator
* Coin Wrapping Machine Operator
* Collator Operator
* Copy Center Operator
* Copy Machine Operator
* Duplicating Machine Operator

43-9071 59.9 50.5 -9.4 -15.6 5.1 30,460 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Operating engineers and other construction equipment operators
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Angle Dozer Operator
* Blade Grader Operator
* Bulldozer Operator
* Ditching Machine Operating Engineer
* Grader Operator
* Motor Grader Operator
* Scraper Operator
* Steam Shovel Operating Engineer
* Steam Shovel Operator

47-2073 371.1 417.1 45.9 12.4 47.3 45,890 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Operations research analysts
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Operations Analyst
* Operations Research Analyst
* Procedure Analyst
* Process Analyst

15-2031 114.0 145.3 31.3 27.4 10.7 79,200 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Ophthalmic laboratory technicians
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Contact Lens Cutter
* Contact Lens Technician
* Eyeglass Assembler
* Eyeglass Lens Cutter
* Eyeglass Maker
* Lens Grinder
* Lens Grinder and Polisher
* Lens Mounter
* Precision Lens Centerer and Edger
* Prescription Eyeglass Maker

51-9083 29.1 32.5 3.5 11.9 3.7 30,640 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Ophthalmic medical technicians
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Ocular Care Technologist
* Ophthalmic Technologist

29-2057 44.5 53.2 8.7 19.4 4.6 35,530 Postsecondary nondegree award 5 None 4 None 6
Opticians, dispensing
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Certified Optician
* Contact Lens Fitter
* Eyeglass Fitter
* Licensed Dispensing Optician
* Licensed Optical Dispenser
* Licensed Optician
* Optical Dispenser
* Optician

29-2081 77.6 88.9 11.3 14.5 7.0 35,530 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Long-term on-the-job training 3
Optometrists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Doctor of Optometry
* Optometrist

29-1041 40.2 47.1 7.0 17.3 2.0 106,140 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 None 6
Oral and maxillofacial surgeons
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Dental Surgeon
* Maxillofacial Surgeon
* Oral Surgeon

29-1022 6.8 7.9 1.2 17.2 0.3 >=208,000 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 Internship/residency 1
Order clerks
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Catalogue Clerk
* Classified Ad Clerk
* Mail Order Clerk
* Order Desk Clerk
* Service Order Clerk
* Subscription Clerk
* Want Ad Clerk

43-4151 179.0 175.4 -3.6 -2.0 19.5 33,370 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Orderlies
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Emergency Room Orderly
* Hospital Orderly
* Medical Orderly
* Orderly
* Surgical Orderly

31-1015 54.0 58.4 4.4 8.1 6.7 26,690 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Orthodontists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Dentofacial Orthopedics Dentist
* Invisible Braces Orthodontist
* Orthodontist
* Pediatric Orthodontist

29-1023 6.6 7.7 1.1 17.3 0.3 >=208,000 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 Internship/residency 1
Orthotists and prosthetists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* American Board Certified Orthotist
* Artificial Limb Fitter
* Certified Orthotic Fitter
* Certified Prosthetist/Orthotist
* Licensed Prosthetist
* Orthotic/Prosthetic Practitioner
* Orthotist
* Pedorthist
* Prosthetist

29-2091 7.8 9.5 1.7 21.9 0.7 65,630 Master's degree 2 None 4 Internship/residency 1
Outdoor power equipment and other small engine mechanics
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Chain Saw Mechanic
* Edge Trimmer Mechanic
* Electric Golf Cart Repairers
* Electric Wheelchair Repairer
* Go-Cart Mechanic
* Golf Cart Mechanic
* Lawn Mower Repairer
* Mobility Scooter Repairer
* Motor Scooter Mechanic
* Power Saw Mechanic
* Power Wheelchair Mechanic
* Snowblower Mechanic
* Snowmobile Mechanic

49-3053 37.6 41.9 4.3 11.4 4.5 33,730 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Packaging and filling machine operators and tenders
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Bottle Capper
* Bottle Line Worker
* Bottle Packer
* Can Filler
* Can Sealer
* Keg Filler
* Potato Chip Packaging Machine Operator
* Tea Bag Packer

51-9111 383.0 389.7 6.7 1.7 44.6 28,290 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Packers and packagers, hand
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Bagger
* Carton Wrapper
* Egg Packer
* Gift Wrapper
* Grocery Store Bagger
* Meat Packager
* Meat Wrapper
* Utility Bagger

53-7064 710.8 723.8 13.0 1.8 108.4 22,130 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Painters, construction and maintenance
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Bridge Painter
* Facilities Painter
* Highway Painter
* House Painter
* Industrial Painter
* Parking Line Painter
* Roof Painter
* Traffic Line Painter

47-2141 381.5 405.0 23.4 6.1 35.4 37,570 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Painters, transportation equipment
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Aircraft Painter
* Auto Body Painter
* Auto Painter
* Automobile Body Painter
* Automobile Refinisher
* Automotive Paint Technician
* Automotive Refinish Technician
* Automotive Spray Painter
* Boat Painter
* Railroad Car Painter
* Tactical Vehicle Painter
* Vehicle Painter

51-9122 58.1 62.0 4.0 6.9 6.6 42,150 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Painting, coating, and decorating workers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Ceramic Painter
* China Decorator
* Glass Decorator
* Lacquerer
* Sign Painter

51-9123 16.3 16.5 0.2 1.1 1.7 30,030 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Paper goods machine setters, operators, and tenders
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Box Fabricator
* Carton Making Machine Operator
* Corrugated Box Machine Operator
* Corrugator Machine Operator
* Corrugator Operator
* Envelope Machine Operator
* Napkin Machine Operator
* Paper Bag Machine Operator
* Paper Cone Machine Tender
* Paper Machine Operator

51-9196 94.6 86.1 -8.5 -9.0 8.3 36,990 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Paperhangers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Billboard Poster
* Paperhanger
* Wall Covering Installer
* Wallpaper Hanger
* Wallpaperer

47-2142 5.7 6.0 0.3 5.0 0.5 33,770 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Long-term on-the-job training 3
Paralegals and legal assistants
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Assistant Paralegal
* Legal Aide
* Legal Assistant
* Paralegal
* Summer Associate
* Summer Law Clerk

23-2011 285.6 327.4 41.8 14.6 34.7 49,500 Associate's degree 4 None 4 None 6
Parking enforcement workers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Meter Maid
* Parking Enforcement Officer
* Parking Meter Attendant

33-3041 9.4 6.1 -3.3 -35.3 0.4 37,950 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Parking lot attendants
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Auto Parker
* Car Jockey
* Parking Attendant
* Parking Ramp Attendant
* Valet Parker
* Valet Runner

53-6021 151.6 160.6 9.0 6.0 23.8 21,730 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Parts salespersons
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Appliance Parts Counter Clerk
* Auto Parts Salesperson
* Electronic Parts Salesperson
* Parts Clerk
* Parts Counter Clerk

41-2022 251.9 264.6 12.8 5.1 32.9 29,780 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Patternmakers, metal and plastic
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Metal Patternmaker

51-4062 3.4 2.9 -0.5 -15.5 0.3 44,210 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Patternmakers, wood
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Wood Die Maker

51-7032 1.8 1.8 0.1 3.9 0.2 46,510 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Paving, surfacing, and tamping equipment operators
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Asphalt Paver
* Asphalt Paving Machine Operator
* Asphalt Roller Operator
* Asphalt Tamping Machine Operator
* Blacktop-Paver Operator
* Paver Operator
* Road Grader
* Screed Operator

47-2071 51.9 58.2 6.3 12.1 6.2 38,970 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Payroll and timekeeping clerks
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Flight Crew Time Clerk
* Payroll Bookkeeper
* Personnel Scheduler
* Time Clerk
* Time and Attendance Clerk
* Timekeeper

43-3051 166.3 164.7 -1.6 -0.9 16.1 42,390 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Pediatricians, general
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* General Pediatrician
* Paediatrician
* Pediatrist
* Primary Care Pediatrician

29-1065 29.6 34.8 5.3 17.8 1.4 168,990 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 Internship/residency 1
Personal care aides
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Blind Aide
* Blind Escort
* Elderly Companion
* Geriatric Personal Care Aide
* Personal Support Worker

39-9021 2,016.1 2,770.1 754.0 37.4 410.3 21,920 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Personal care and service workers, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Butler
* Doula
* House Sitter
* Magnetic Healer
* Shoe Shiner
* Valet

39-9099 88.9 94.9 6.0 6.8 13.9 25,420 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Personal financial advisors
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Certified Financial Planner
* Estate Planner
* Estate Planning Counselor
* Financial Counselor
* Individual Pension Adviser
* Individual Pension Consultant
* Personal Financial Advisor
* Personal Financial Planner
* Personal Investment Adviser

13-2052 271.9 311.2 39.3 14.4 25.4 90,530 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 Long-term on-the-job training 3
Pest control workers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Exterminator
* Fumigator
* Insecticide Expert
* Mosquito Sprayer
* Pest Controller
* Rat Exterminator
* Rodent Exterminator
* Termite Technician
* Termite Treater

37-2021 78.9 85.2 6.3 8.0 11.6 33,040 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Pesticide handlers, sprayers, and applicators, vegetation
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Certified Pesticide Applicator
* Fruit Sprayer
* Herbicide Sprayer
* Orchard Sprayer
* Plant Sprayer
* Weed Sprayer

37-3012 38.0 40.7 2.7 7.0 4.9 33,740 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Petroleum engineers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Natural Gas Engineer
* Oil Drilling Engineer
* Oil Exploration Engineer
* Oil Well Engineer
* Petroleum Engineer

17-2171 33.7 38.6 4.9 14.5 2.8 128,230 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Petroleum pump system operators, refinery operators, and gaugers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Hydrotreater Operator
* Oil Gauger
* Oil Pipeline Dispatcher
* Oil Pipeline Operator
* Oil Refiner
* Petroleum Plant Operator
* Petroleum Refinery Control Panel Operator
* Petroleum Refinery Operator
* Petroleum Refining Equipment Operator

51-8093 41.8 43.0 1.2 2.8 4.3 67,400 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Pharmacists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Apothecary
* Clinical Pharmacist
* Druggist
* Hospital Pharmacist
* Registered Pharmacist

29-1051 312.5 330.1 17.6 5.6 15.3 122,230 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 None 6
Pharmacy aides
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Certified Pharmacist Assistant
* Pharmacist Aide
* Pharmacist Assistant
* Pharmacy Assistant
* Pharmacy Clerk
* Prescription Clerk

31-9095 36.9 35.2 -1.8 -4.8 4.7 25,240 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Pharmacy technicians
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* CPHT
* Certified Pharmacy Technician
* Pharmacist Technician
* Pharmacy Laboratory Technician
* Pharmacy Technician

29-2052 402.5 450.1 47.6 11.8 37.5 30,920 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Philosophy and religion teachers, postsecondary
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Biblical Studies Professor
* Divinity Professor
* Eastern Philosophy Professor
* Old Testament Professor
* Pastoral Ministries Professor
* Religious Studies Professor
* Theology Professor
* Western Philosophy Professor

25-1126 31.8 35.7 3.9 12.3 2.9 68,360 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 None 6
Phlebotomists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Certified Phlebotomy Technician
* Phlebotomist
* Phlebotomy Technician
* Venipuncturist

31-9097 122.7 152.6 30.0 24.4 16.9 32,710 Postsecondary nondegree award 5 None 4 None 6
Photographers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Advertising Photographer
* Aerial Photographer
* Industrial Photographer
* Marine Photographer
* Medical Photographer
* News Photographer
* Newspaper Photojournalist
* Photojournalist
* Portrait Photographer
* School Photographer
* Wedding Photographer

27-4021 147.3 134.9 -12.4 -8.4 9.7 34,070 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Long-term on-the-job training 3
Photographic process workers and processing machine operators
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Digital Imaging Technician
* Digital Photo Printer
* Digital Photo Technician
* Digital Retoucher
* Film Developing Machine Operator
* Film Printer
* Film Process Operator
* Film Processor
* Photo Lab Specialist
* Photo Lab Technician
* Photo Machine Operator
* Photo Print Specialist
* Photo Retoucher
* Print Retoucher

51-9151 26.9 21.9 -4.9 -18.4 3.3 26,470 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Physical scientists, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Physical Scientist

19-2099 23.5 25.0 1.5 6.4 2.0 96,070 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Physical therapist aides
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Clinical Rehabilitation Aide
* Physical Therapy Aide
* Physiotherapy Aide

31-2022 52.0 67.1 15.1 29.1 8.5 25,680 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Physical therapist assistants
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* LPTA
* Licensed Physical Therapist Assistant
* Physical Therapy Assistant
* Physical Therapy Technician
* Physiotherapy Assistant

31-2021 88.3 115.5 27.2 30.8 14.7 56,610 Associate's degree 4 None 4 None 6
Physical therapists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapist
* Geriatric Physical Therapist
* Orthopedic Physical Therapist
* PT
* Pediatric Physical Therapist
* Physical Therapist
* Physiotherapist
* Pulmonary Physical Therapist
* Sports Physical Therapist

29-1123 239.8 299.8 60.0 25.0 16.8 85,400 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 None 6
Physician assistants
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Anesthesiologist Assistant
* Certified Physician's Assistant
* Family Practice Physician Assistant
* Orthopaedic Physician Assistant
* Orthopedic Physician Assistant
* Pediatric Physician Assistant
* Radiology Practitioner Assistant
* Surgical Physician Assistant

29-1071 106.2 145.9 39.7 37.4 10.6 101,480 Master's degree 2 None 4 None 6
Physicians and surgeons, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Aviation Medicine Specialist
* Cardiologist
* Dermatologist
* Emergency Medicine Specialist
* Gastroenterologist
* Immunologist
* Laryngologist
* Neonatal Doctor
* Neonatologist
* Nephrologist
* Neurologist
* Ophthalmologist
* Otolaryngologist
* Pathologist
* Physiatrist
* Pulmonary Physician
* Radiologist
* Rheumatologist
* Urologist

29-1069 372.4 422.0 49.6 13.3 15.2 206,920 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 Internship/residency 1
Physicists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Fluid Dynamicist
* Health Physicist
* Mathematical Physicist
* Medical Physicist
* Molecular Physicist
* Nuclear Physicist
* Optical Scientist
* Research Physicist
* Rheologist
* Thermodynamic Physicist
* Thermodynamicist

19-2012 17.9 20.5 2.6 14.5 1.7 115,870 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 None 6
Physics teachers, postsecondary
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Aerodynamics Professor
* Astrophysics Professor
* Atomic Physics Professor
* Ballistics Professor
* Hydrodynamics Professor
* Medical Physics Professor
* Nuclear Physics Professor
* Physical Science Professor
* Thermodynamics Professor

25-1054 17.6 19.4 1.8 10.0 1.6 84,570 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 None 6
Pile-driver operators
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Diesel Pile Hammer Operator
* Hydraulic Pile Hammer Operator
* Hydraulic Press-In Operator
* Pile Driver Operator
* Vibratory Pile Driver

47-2072 3.7 4.2 0.5 14.7 0.5 55,070 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Pipelayers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Cast-Iron Drain Pipe Layer
* Pipe Layer
* Sewer Pipe Layer
* Trench Pipe Layer
* Water Main Pipe Layer

47-2151 44.1 51.7 7.6 17.3 5.7 38,410 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Plant and system operators, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Asphalt Plant Operator
* Concrete Batch Plant Operator
* Lime Filter Operator
* Sand Plant Attendant

51-8099 12.1 12.4 0.2 1.9 1.2 54,930 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Plasterers and stucco masons
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Dry Plasterer
* Journey Level Plasterer
* Molding Plasterer
* Ornamental Plasterer
* Plasterer Apprentice
* Stucco Plasterer
* Stucco Worker
* Swimming Pool Plasterer

47-2161 27.7 28.8 1.1 4.0 2.7 38,890 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Long-term on-the-job training 3
Plating and coating machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Anodizer
* Chrome Plater
* Chromium Plater
* Copper Plater
* Electro Plater
* Electrogalvanizing Machine Operator
* Electroplater
* Galvanizer
* Hard Chrome Plater
* Metal Plater
* Metal Spraying Machine Operator
* Metalizing Machine Operator
* Nickel Plater
* Plating Machine Operator
* Tin Plater

51-4193 35.3 30.4 -4.9 -13.8 2.8 31,280 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Fire Sprinkler Installer
* Gas Main Fitter
* Gas Plumber
* Hydraulic Plumber
* Industrial Gas Fitter
* Marine Pipefitter
* Marine Steamfitter
* Master Plumber
* Pipe Fitter
* Plumber
* Solar Thermal Installer
* Sprinkler Fitter
* Steamfitter
* Water Pump Installer

47-2152 480.6 556.4 75.8 15.8 61.1 51,450 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Apprenticeship 2
Podiatrists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Chiropodist
* Doctor of Podiatric Medicine
* Foot Doctor
* Foot Orthopedist
* Foot and Ankle Surgeon
* Orthopedic Podiatrist
* Podiatric Physician

29-1081 11.0 12.1 1.1 9.7 0.7 124,830 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 Internship/residency 1
Police and sheriff's patrol officers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Border Guard
* Border Patrol Officer
* Constable
* Cop
* Deputy Sheriff
* Highway Patrol Officer
* Motorcycle Police
* Mounted Police
* Park Police
* Patrol Officer
* Policeman
* Policewoman
* State Highway Police Officer
* State Trooper

33-3051 684.2 731.9 47.8 7.0 49.5 59,680 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Police, fire, and ambulance dispatchers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* 911 Dispatcher
* 911 Operator
* Ambulance Dispatcher
* Emergency Communications Dispatcher
* Emergency Communications Operator
* Emergency Operator
* Emergency Telecommunications Dispatcher
* Fire Dispatcher
* Police Dispatcher
* Police Radio Dispatcher

43-5031 98.6 106.7 8.2 8.3 10.0 38,870 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Political science teachers, postsecondary
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Government Professor
* International Relations Professor
* Political Theory Professor
* Public Policy Professor

25-1065 21.2 23.4 2.2 10.5 1.9 79,210 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 None 6
Political scientists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Government Affairs Researcher
* Government Affairs Specialist
* Local Governance and Citizen Participation Specialist
* Political Consultant
* Political Research Scientist
* Political Researcher

19-3094 7.3 7.4 0.2 2.1 0.7 114,290 Master's degree 2 None 4 None 6
Postal service clerks
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Bulk Mail Clerk
* Bulk Mail Technician
* Parcel Post Clerk
* Postal Clerk
* Postal Service Clerk
* Postal Service Window Clerk

43-5051 79.0 69.5 -9.5 -12.1 4.8 56,790 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Postal service mail carriers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* City Letter Carrier
* Letter Carrier
* Mail Deliverer
* Parcel Post Carrier
* Postal Mail Carrier
* Rural Mail Carrier
* Rural Route Carrier
* USPS Letter Carrier

43-5052 316.7 278.5 -38.2 -12.1 16.1 58,110 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Postal service mail sorters, processors, and processing machine operators
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Flat Sorter Operator
* Flat Sorting Machine Clerk
* Mail Forwarding System Markup Clerk
* Parcel Post Distribution Machine Operator
* Post Office Markup Clerk
* Postal Service Mail Processor
* Small Package and Bundle Sorter Clerk

43-5053 106.7 89.1 -17.5 -16.5 5.2 56,220 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Postmasters and mail superintendents
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Postal Supervisor
* Postmaster

11-9131 14.2 11.2 -3.0 -20.9 0.6 71,670 High school diploma or equivalent 7 Less than 5 years 2 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Postsecondary teachers, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Braille Teacher
* Flight Simulator Teacher
* Interdisciplinary Professor
* Military Science Teacher
* Project Management Professor

25-1199 236.5 258.7 22.2 9.4 20.7 64,400 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 None 6
Pourers and casters, metal
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Aluminum Pourer
* Ingot Caster
* Iron Pourer
* Molten Iron Pourer
* Steel Pourer
* Tin Pourer
* White Metal Caster

51-4052 8.4 6.5 -2.0 -23.4 0.5 36,180 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Power distributors and dispatchers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Power System Dispatcher
* Steam Plant Control Room Operator
* Steam and Power Panel Operator
* Substation Operator

51-8012 11.6 11.3 -0.3 -2.5 1.0 81,900 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Long-term on-the-job training 3
Power plant operators
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Hydroelectric Plant Operator
* Power Plant Control Room Operator
* Powerhouse Operator
* Turbine Room Attendant

51-8013 36.1 36.5 0.5 1.3 3.2 74,690 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Long-term on-the-job training 3
Precision instrument and equipment repairers, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Gyroscope Repairer
* Hydrometer Calibrator
* Scale Adjuster
* Telescope Repairer

49-9069 12.6 12.9 0.4 2.9 1.1 56,230 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Long-term on-the-job training 3
Prepress technicians and workers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Digital Proofing and Platemaker
* Electronic Pre-Press Technician
* Photoengraver
* Plate Mounter
* Pre-Press Proofer
* Prepress Stripper
* Type Setter

51-5111 34.6 28.0 -6.6 -19.0 3.0 38,930 Postsecondary nondegree award 5 None 4 None 6
Preschool teachers, except special education
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Early Childhood Teacher
* Head Start Teacher
* Nursery School Teacher
* Nursery Teacher
* Pre-K Teacher
* Pre-Kindergarten Teacher
* Preschool Teacher

25-2011 478.5 528.6 50.1 10.5 53.6 28,790 Associate's degree 4 None 4 None 6
Pressers, textile, garment, and related materials
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Clothes Ironer
* Clothes Presser
* Clothing Presser
* Garment Presser
* Pants Presser
* Shirt Presser
* Silk Presser
* Wool Presser

51-6021 45.0 42.0 -3.0 -6.7 5.2 21,300 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Print binding and finishing workers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Bindery Cutter Operator
* Bindery Folder Operator
* Bindery Machine Operator
* Bindery Worker
* Book Repairer
* Bookbinder
* Bookbinding Machine Operator
* Case Binder Operator
* Foil Stamp Operator
* Perfect Binder Operator
* Saddle Stitch Operator
* Saddle Stitcher Operator
* Spiral Binder Operator

51-5113 54.0 47.9 -6.1 -11.3 6.1 31,410 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Printing press operators
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Digital Press Operator
* Flexographic Press Operator
* Gravure Press Operator
* Lithograph Press Operator
* Lithographing Machine Operator
* Offset Lithographic Press Setter and Set-Up Operator
* Offset Press Operator
* Printing Machine Operator
* Screen Printing Machine Operator
* Screen Printing Press Operator
* Silk Screen Operator
* Silk Screen Printer
* Web Offset Press Feeder
* Web Press Operator

51-5112 178.7 162.0 -16.8 -9.4 16.0 35,530 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Private detectives and investigators
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Certified Legal Investigator
* Licensed Private Investigator
* Loss Prevention Detective
* Private Detective
* Private Eye
* Private Investigator
* Skip Tracer
* Store Detective

33-9021 41.4 45.7 4.3 10.5 4.5 48,190 High school diploma or equivalent 7 Less than 5 years 2 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Probation officers and correctional treatment specialists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Correctional Treatment Specialist
* Juvenile Probation Officer
* Parole Agent
* Parole Officer
* Probation Officer

21-1092 91.3 96.5 5.2 5.7 8.3 50,160 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Procurement clerks
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Procurement Assistant
* Procurement Clerk
* Purchasing Assistant
* Purchasing Clerk

43-3061 74.9 71.8 -3.2 -4.2 7.5 41,410 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Producers and directors
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Broadcast Producer
* Casting Director
* Film Maker
* Independent Film Maker
* Independent Video Producer
* Motion Picture Director
* Movie Producer
* Music Video Director
* Music Video Producer
* News Production Supervisor
* Newscast Director
* Newscast Producer
* On-Air Director
* Pageant Director
* Radio Producer
* Radio Television Technical Director
* Stage Manager
* Television News Producer
* Television Newscast Director
* Television Producer
* Television Program Director
* Theater Company Producer
* Video Producer

27-2012 134.7 150.8 16.1 12.0 14.0 70,950 Bachelor's degree 3 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
Production workers, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

51-9199 263.5 276.3 12.8 4.9 31.6 28,770 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Production, planning, and expediting clerks
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Expeditor
* Material Control Clerk
* Material Expediter
* Mill Recorder
* Production Control Clerk
* Production Control Coordinating Clerk
* Production Control Coordinator
* Production Scheduler
* Work Ticket Distributor

43-5061 329.4 347.3 17.9 5.4 35.5 46,760 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Proofreaders and copy markers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Braille Proofreader
* Clerical Proofreader
* Copy Reader
* Editorial Assistant
* Format Proofreader
* Proofreader

43-9081 14.2 14.5 0.3 2.2 2.2 36,960 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Property, real estate, and community association managers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Apartment Manager
* Building Rental Manager
* Community Association Manager
* Condominium Association Manager
* Homeowner Association Manager
* Land Acquisition Manager
* Leasing Property Manager
* Property Manager
* Real Estate Manager

11-9141 317.3 351.3 34.0 10.7 28.4 57,040 High school diploma or equivalent 7 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
Prosthodontists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Maxillofacial Prosthetics Dentist
* Maxillofacial Prosthodontist
* Prosthodontist
* Reconstructive Dentist

29-1024 0.9 1.1 0.2 17.2 0.0 126,050 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 Internship/residency 1
Protective service workers, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Bus Monitor
* Playground Monitor
* Warrant Server

33-9099 133.8 145.1 11.3 8.4 35.2 28,720 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Psychiatric aides
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Mental Health Orderly
* Psychiatric Aide
* Psychiatric Nursing Aide
* Psychiatric Orderly
* Psychiatric Technician Assistant

31-1013 73.6 77.4 3.9 5.2 8.8 26,720 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Psychiatric technicians
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Behavioral Health Technician
* Mental Health Technician
* Psychiatric Technician

29-2053 66.1 70.0 3.9 5.9 5.6 30,970 Postsecondary nondegree award 5 Less than 5 years 2 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Psychiatrists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Addiction Psychiatrist
* Child Psychiatrist
* Clinical Psychiatrist
* Forensic Psychiatrist
* Geriatric Psychiatrist
* Neuropsychiatrist
* Pediatric Psychiatrist
* Psychiatrist
* Staff Psychiatrist

29-1066 27.5 31.2 3.6 13.1 1.1 194,740 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 Internship/residency 1
Psychologists, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Developmental Psychologist
* Experimental Psychologist
* Forensic Psychologist
* Neuropsychologist
* Psychometrist
* Psychotherapist
* Rehabilitation Psychologist
* Social Psychologist
* Sports Psychologist

19-3039 17.4 19.0 1.6 9.1 1.3 95,710 Master's degree 2 None 4 Internship/residency 1
Psychology teachers, postsecondary
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Applied Psychology Professor
* Child Development Professor
* Clinical Psychology Professor
* Educational Psychology Professor
* Human Relations Professor
* Industrial Psychology Professor
* Industrial/Organizational Psychology Professor
* Psychology Professor

25-1066 46.9 54.0 7.1 15.1 4.5 73,140 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 None 6
Public address system and other announcers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Emcee
* Master of Ceremonies
* Public Address Announcer
* Ringmaster
* Train Announcer
* Train Caller

27-3012 11.4 11.8 0.4 3.2 1.1 28,940 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Public relations and fundraising managers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Communication Manager
* Fundraising Director
* Public Affairs Director
* Public Information Director
* Public Information Relations Manager
* Public Relations Director
* Public Relations Manager
* Publicity Director

11-2031 73.5 81.1 7.7 10.4 6.9 107,320 Bachelor's degree 3 5 years or more 1 None 6
Public relations specialists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Environmental Communications Specialist
* Lobbyist
* Media Relations Specialist
* Press Agent
* Press Secretary
* Public Affairs Officer
* Public Relations Counselor
* Public Relations Officer
* Public Relations Representative
* Publicist
* Publicity Agent
* Publicity Writer

27-3031 259.6 283.0 23.3 9.0 28.3 58,020 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Pump operators, except wellhead pumpers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Acid Pump Operator
* Brewery Pumper
* Concrete Pump Operator
* Fluid Pump Operator

53-7072 11.9 13.5 1.6 13.8 1.7 42,470 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Purchasing agents, except wholesale, retail, and farm products
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Equipment, Supplies, and Tools Purchasing Agent
* Radio Time Buyer

13-1023 309.4 292.1 -17.3 -5.6 23.8 63,300 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Purchasing managers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Contract Administrator
* Contracting Manager
* Director of Strategic Sourcing
* Procurement Manager
* Purchasing Director
* Purchasing Manager
* Sourcing Manager

11-3061 73.9 78.0 4.1 5.6 6.3 111,590 Bachelor's degree 3 5 years or more 1 None 6
Radiation therapists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Dosimetrist
* Radiation Therapist
* Radiation Therapy Technologist
* Registered Radiation Therapist

29-1124 19.1 21.3 2.3 11.9 1.2 80,160 Associate's degree 4 None 4 None 6
Radio and television announcers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Commercial Announcer
* Game Show Host
* Radio Artist
* Radio Disk Jockey
* Radio Host
* Talk Show Host
* Television Host

27-3011 41.3 36.8 -4.5 -10.9 3.3 31,400 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Radio operators
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Airline Radio Operator
* Continuous Wave Operator
* Radio Officer
* Radio Operator
* Radiophone Operator
* Radiotelephone Operator

27-4013 0.9 0.9 0.0 -1.0 0.1 46,250 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Radio, cellular, and tower equipment installers and repairs
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Radio Frequency Technician
* Radio Mechanic
* Radio Repairer
* Two-Way Radio Technician

49-2021 14.5 15.3 0.8 5.5 1.6 52,480 Associate's degree 4 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Radiologic technologists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Computed Axial Tomography Technologist
* Computed Tomography (CT) Scanner Operator
* Radiologic Technician
* Registered Radiologic Technologist
* Skiagrapher
* X-Ray Technician

29-2034 205.2 230.4 25.2 12.3 13.6 57,450 Associate's degree 4 None 4 None 6
Rail car repairers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Freight Car Repairer
* Mine Car Mechanic
* Rail Car Maintenance Mechanic
* Rail Car Mechanic
* Streetcar Repairer
* Subway Car Repairer
* Tank Car Reconditioner
* Trolley Car Mechanic
* Trolley Car Overhauler

49-3043 22.3 23.4 1.1 5.1 2.3 55,000 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Long-term on-the-job training 3
Rail transportation workers, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Railway Equipment Operator
* Retarder Operator
* Transfer Table Operator

53-4099 4.6 4.8 0.1 3.2 0.4 60,420 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Rail yard engineers, dinkey operators, and hostlers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Coal Tram Driver
* Dinkey Driver
* Dinkey Operator
* Engine Hostler
* Haulage Engine Operator
* Railcar Switcher
* Yard Hostler

53-4013 4.4 4.6 0.2 3.7 0.4 50,470 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Rail-track laying and maintenance equipment operators
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Ballast Cleaning Machine Operator
* Rail Maintenance Worker
* Railroad Track Mechanic
* Track Layer
* Track Machine Operator
* Track Maintainer
* Track Moving Machine Operator
* Track Repair Worker
* Track Repairer
* Track Service Worker
* Track Surfacing Machine Operator
* Trackwalker

47-4061 14.0 15.2 1.2 8.6 1.5 53,970 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Railroad brake, signal, and switch operators
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Freight Brake Operator
* Locomotive Switch Operator
* Railroad Brake Operator
* Railway Switch Operator
* Switch Coupler
* Train Brake Operator

53-4021 19.3 19.0 -0.3 -1.6 1.7 56,570 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Railroad conductors and yardmasters
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Freight Conductor
* Passenger Car Conductor
* Train Conductor
* Yard Conductor

53-4031 41.8 41.0 -0.9 -2.1 3.7 57,480 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Real estate brokers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Licensed Real Estate Broker
* Real Estate Broker

41-9021 95.3 100.5 5.1 5.4 9.3 56,790 High school diploma or equivalent 7 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
Real estate sales agents
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Agricultural Real Estate Agent
* Apartment Rental Agent
* Industrial Real Estate Agent
* Land Sales Agent
* Right of Way Agent

41-9022 348.8 370.5 21.7 6.2 34.6 44,090 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Receptionists and information clerks
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Appointment Clerk
* Dental Receptionist
* Front Desk Receptionist
* Land Leasing Information Clerk

43-4171 1,053.7 1,149.4 95.7 9.1 151.2 27,920 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Recreation and fitness studies teachers, postsecondary
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Health and Physical Education Professor
* Human Performance Professor
* Kinesiology Professor
* Leisure Studies Professor
* Physical Education (PE) Professor
* Physical Education Professor
* Swimming Professor

25-1193 20.6 22.6 2.0 9.6 1.8 59,180 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 None 6
Recreation workers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Activities Aide
* Activities Assistant
* Activities Coordinator
* Activities Leader
* Camp Counselor
* Playground Worker
* Recreation Activities Coordinator
* Recreation Assistant
* Recreational Aide

39-9032 390.0 423.3 33.3 8.5 70.6 23,870 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Recreational therapists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* CTRS
* Certified Recreational Therapist
* Certified Therapeutic Recreation Specialist
* Drama Therapist
* Recreational Therapist
* Therapeutic Recreation Specialist

29-1125 19.2 20.5 1.3 6.5 1.2 46,410 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Recreational vehicle service technicians
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Master Certified RV Technician
* Mobile Service Recreational Vehicle Technician
* RV Mechanic
* RV Servicer
* RVDA Master Certified RV Technician
* Recreational Vehicle (RV) Repairer
* Recreational Vehicle Mechanic

49-3092 13.8 13.7 -0.1 -1.1 1.7 36,430 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Long-term on-the-job training 3
Refractory materials repairers, except brickmasons
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Bondactor Machine Operator
* Cupola Repairer
* Kiln Door Builder
* Ladle Repairer
* Refractory Repairer

49-9045 1.6 1.5 -0.1 -3.5 0.1 45,230 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Refuse and recyclable material collectors
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Garbage Collector
* Recyclable Materials Collector
* Refuse Collector
* Scrap Metal Collector
* Solid Waste Collector
* Trash Collector

53-7081 136.0 153.6 17.7 13.0 18.9 35,270 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Registered nurses
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* CCU Nurse
* CNS
* Clinical Nurse Specialist
* Community Health Nurse
* Coronary Care Unit Nurse
* Emergency Room RN
* Endoscopy Registered Nurse
* Hospice Registered Nurse
* Obstetrical Nurse
* Oncology Registered Nurse
* PACU Nurse
* Pediatric Registered Nurse
* Post-Anesthesia Care Unit Nurse
* Psychiatric Nurse
* RN
* Registered Nurse
* Triage Registered Nurse

29-1141 2,955.2 3,392.2 437.0 14.8 203.6 68,450 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Rehabilitation counselors
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Certified Rehabilitation Counselor
* Coordinator of Rehabilitation Services
* Psychosocial Rehabilitation Counselor
* Rehabilitation Counselor
* Veterans Rehabilitation Counselor
* Vocational Rehabilitation Counselor

21-1015 119.3 130.9 11.6 9.7 13.9 34,670 Master's degree 2 None 4 None 6
Reinforcing iron and rebar workers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Post Tensioning Ironworker
* Rebar Worker
* Reinforcing Steel Worker
* Rod Buster
* Steel Rod Buster
* Steel Tier

47-2171 20.1 22.5 2.4 12.1 2.4 47,600 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Apprenticeship 2
Religious workers, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Buddhist Monk
* Christian Science Nurse
* Missionary
* Mohel
* Nun
* Pastoral Worker
* Prior
* Sacristan
* Sunday School Missionary
* Traveling Missionary
* Verger

21-2099 53.2 57.3 4.1 7.7 7.7 28,820 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Reporters and correspondents
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Book Critic
* Book Reviewer
* Columnist
* Desk Reporter
* Editorial Writer
* Feature Writer
* Film Critic
* Foreign Correspondent
* Investigative Reporter
* Market News Reporter
* Movie Critic
* News Reporter
* Newspaper Columnist
* Newspaper Correspondent
* Political Reporter
* Press Writer
* Society Reporter

27-3022 44.7 40.0 -4.8 -10.7 3.6 37,820 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Reservation and transportation ticket agents and travel clerks
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Airline Reservation Agent
* Airline Reservationist
* Airline Ticket Agent
* Gate Agent
* Hotel Reservationist
* Passenger Agent
* Passenger Booking Clerk
* Reservation Agent
* Reservation Sales Agent
* Train Clerk
* Train Reservation Clerk
* Transportation Clerk
* Travel Clerk

43-4181 150.1 155.7 5.6 3.7 16.3 35,230 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Residential advisors
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Dormitory Counselor
* House Parent
* Residence Director
* Residence Life Coordinator
* Residential Advisor
* Residential Director
* Residential Life Director
* Sorority Mother

39-9041 118.8 134.1 15.3 12.9 22.4 25,570 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Respiratory therapists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* CRT
* Certified Respiratory Therapist
* Inhalation Therapist
* Oxygen Therapist
* RRT
* Registered Respiratory Therapist
* Respiratory Therapist

29-1126 130.2 160.6 30.4 23.4 9.8 58,670 Associate's degree 4 None 4 None 6
Respiratory therapy technicians
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* CRTT
* Certified Respiratory Therapy Technician
* Oxygen Therapy Technician
* Respiratory Therapy Technician

29-2054 10.8 4.7 -6.1 -56.3 0.0 49,780 Associate's degree 4 None 4 None 6
Retail salespersons
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Automotive Salesperson
* Department Store Salesperson
* Menswear Salesperson
* New Car Salesperson
* Pet Supplies Salesperson
* Pets Salesperson
* Shoe Salesperson
* Used Car Salesperson
* Women's Apparel Salesperson

41-2031 4,602.5 4,690.6 88.1 1.9 671.7 22,680 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Riggers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Acrobatic Rigger
* Boat Rigger
* Crane Rigger
* Fly Rail Operator
* Gantry Rigger
* High Rigger
* Marine Rigger
* Parachute Rigger
* Ship Rigger
* Theatrical Rigger
* Wire Rigger
* Yacht Rigger
* Yard Rigger

49-9096 20.9 22.9 2.1 9.8 2.3 45,690 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Rock splitters, quarry
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Quarry Plug and Feather Driller
* Sandstone Splitter

47-5051 3.7 3.5 -0.2 -6.3 0.4 34,020 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Rolling machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Brass Roller
* Forming Roll Operator
* Metal Sheet Roller Operator
* Pipe Straightener
* Plastic Straightening Roll Operator
* Steel Roller

51-4023 29.0 25.3 -3.7 -12.9 2.3 40,680 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Roof bolters, mining
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Roof Bolter Operator
* Roof Bolting Coal Miner
* Underground Bolting Machine Operator
* Underground Roof Bolter

47-5061 3.7 3.5 -0.2 -5.2 0.4 56,780 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Roofers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Composition Roofer
* Hot Tar Roofer
* Industrial Roofer
* Metal Roofing Mechanic
* Residential Roofer
* Roofer
* Sheet Metal Roofer
* Shingles Roofer
* Slate Roofer
* Terra Cotta Roofer

47-2181 146.2 162.7 16.5 11.3 16.6 37,760 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Rotary drill operators, oil and gas
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Drilling Rig Operator
* Natural Gas Shothole Driller
* Oil Driller
* Oil Rig Driller
* Oil Well Cable Tool Driller
* Oil Well Cable Tool Operator
* Oil Well Driller
* Prospecting Driller

47-5012 16.7 20.8 4.0 24.2 2.6 54,430 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Roustabouts, oil and gas
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Oil Field Roustabout
* Oil Rig Roughneck
* Roustabout
* Roustabout Pusher

47-5071 50.0 62.3 12.2 24.5 8.0 37,340 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Sailors and marine oilers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Able Seaman
* Deck Cadet
* Deck Hand
* Deckhand
* Merchant Mariner
* Merchant Seaman
* Ordinary Seaman
* Sailor
* Vessel Ordinary Seaman

53-5011 33.8 36.4 2.6 7.6 4.4 42,060 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Sales and related workers, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Auctioneer
* Blood Donor Recruiter
* Leaflet Distributor
* Livestock Auctioneer
* Personal Shopper
* Store Gift Wrap Associate

41-9099 95.9 105.3 9.4 9.8 13.9 37,190 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 None 6
Sales engineers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Aerospace Products Sales Engineer
* Missile Navigation Systems Sales Engineer
* Nuclear Equipment Sales Engineer

41-9031 74.9 80.1 5.2 6.9 8.3 100,000 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Sales managers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* District Sales Manager
* E-Commerce Director
* Export Manager
* Regional Sales Manager
* Sales Account Manager
* Sales Director
* Territory Sales Manager

11-2022 385.5 413.9 28.4 7.4 36.2 117,960 Bachelor's degree 3 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
Sales representatives, services, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Automobile Club Membership Sales Agent
* Bookkeeping Service Sales Agent
* Business Services Sales Representative
* Membership Solicitor
* Pest Control Service Sales Agent

41-3099 983.0 1,077.2 94.2 9.6 130.9 52,490 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing, except technical and scientific products
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Bottling Equipment Sales Representative
* Freight Broker
* Hotel Supplies Salesperson
* Mortician Supplies Sales Representative
* Pulpwood Dealer
* Wholesale Diamond Broker

41-4012 1,469.9 1,551.0 81.1 5.5 159.1 57,140 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing, technical and scientific products
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Chemical Sales Representative
* Electroplating Sales Representative
* Engineering Supplies Sales
* Pharmaceutical Detailer
* Pharmaceutical Sales Representative
* Pharmaceutical Salesperson
* Surgical Instruments Sales Representative
* Wholesale Ultrasonic Equipment Salesperson

41-4011 343.6 362.4 18.7 5.5 37.2 78,980 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Sawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, wood
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Backup Sawyer
* Band Scroll Saw Operator
* Bandmill Operator
* Buzzsaw Operator
* Chop Saw Operator
* Circle Saw Operator
* Curve Saw Operator
* Cut Off Saw Operator
* Hardwood Sawyer
* Headrig Sawyer
* Panel Saw Operator
* Rip Saw Operator
* Stave Saw Operator
* Trim Saw Operator

51-7041 54.8 55.2 0.4 0.8 6.3 28,380 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Secondary school teachers, except special and career/technical education
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* High School Biology Teacher
* High School English Teacher
* High School French Teacher
* High School History Teacher
* High School Math Teacher
* High School Music Director
* High School Teacher

25-2031 1,018.7 1,095.5 76.8 7.5 79.5 58,030 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Secretaries and administrative assistants, except legal, medical, and executive
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Alumni Secretary
* Department Secretary
* Office Secretary
* Personal Secretary
* Real Estate Administrative Assistant
* School Attendance Secretary
* School Secretary

43-6014 2,536.2 2,371.4 -164.8 -6.5 244.3 34,820 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Securities, commodities, and financial services sales agents
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Commodities Broker
* Commodity Trader
* Equity Trader
* Investment Banker
* Municipal Bond Trader
* Mutual Fund Sales Agent
* Securities Trader
* Stock Broker
* Stock Trader

41-3031 375.7 398.7 23.0 6.1 38.0 67,310 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Security and fire alarm systems installers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Alarm Adjuster
* Alarm Technician
* Burglar Alarm Installer
* Fire Alarm Installer
* Fire Alarm Technician
* Home Security Alarm Installer

49-2098 72.3 82.6 10.4 14.4 9.4 44,330 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Security guards
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Armed Guard
* Bank Guard
* Bodyguard
* Bouncer
* Private Watchman
* Security Officer

33-9032 1,123.3 1,193.9 70.7 6.3 157.5 25,770 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Segmental pavers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Concrete Pavement Installer
* Paver Installer
* Paving Stone Installer
* Segmental Paver Installer
* Segmental Wall Installer

47-4091 2.1 2.4 0.3 12.4 0.3 33,530 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Self-enrichment education teachers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Ballet Teacher
* CPR Instructor
* Ceramics Instructor
* Citizenship Teacher
* Dance Teacher
* Defensive Driving Instructor
* Driver Education Instructor
* Driving Instructor
* First Aid Instructor
* Horseback Riding Instructor
* Judo Instructor
* Karate Instructor
* Knitting Teacher
* Martial Arts Instructor
* Sailing Instructor
* Skiing Instructor
* Snowboard Instructor
* Theater Education Teacher

25-3021 354.2 406.9 52.7 14.9 46.3 37,330 High school diploma or equivalent 7 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
Semiconductor processors
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Electronic Semiconductor Processor
* Semiconductor Assembler
* Wafer Fabricator

51-9141 25.5 24.2 -1.3 -5.1 2.7 35,660 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Separating, filtering, clarifying, precipitating, and still machine setters, operators, and tenders
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Brewmaster
* Fermentation Operator
* Fermenter
* Linseed Oil Temperer
* Milk Pasteurizer
* Milk Processor
* Molasses Preparer
* Pasteurizer
* Winemaker

51-9012 47.2 47.3 0.1 0.2 5.0 38,360 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Septic tank servicers and sewer pipe cleaners
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Electric Sewer Cleaning Machine Operator
* Septic Pump Truck Driver
* Septic Tank Cleaner
* Sewage Screen Operator
* Sewer Cleaner
* Sewer Pipe Cleaner
* Sewer and Drain Technician

47-4071 28.5 33.3 4.8 16.9 4.3 36,430 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Service unit operators, oil, gas, and mining
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Oil Well Fishing-Tool Technician
* Well Service Pump Equipment Operator
* Well Service Rig Operator
* Well Services Operator
* Well Servicing Rig Operator

47-5013 41.4 51.1 9.7 23.4 6.4 48,610 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Set and exhibit designers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Scenic Designer
* Set Decorator
* Set Designer
* Stage Scenery Designer
* Theater Set Production Designer

27-1027 14.6 16.2 1.6 10.9 1.6 50,990 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Sewers, hand
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Hand Quilter
* Hand Sewer
* Hand Stitcher
* Hand Weaver

51-6051 13.5 12.9 -0.5 -4.0 1.6 24,520 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Sewing machine operators
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Blind Stitch Machine Operator
* Button Sewing Machine Operator
* Carpet Sewing Machine Operator
* Custom T-Shirt Embroidery Machine Operator
* Embroidery Machine Operator
* Hemming and Tacking Machine Operator
* Ultrasonic Seaming Machine Operator

51-6031 153.9 132.0 -21.9 -14.2 12.8 23,670 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Shampooers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Scalp Treatment Specialist
* Shampoo Assistant
* Shampoo Technician
* Shampooer

39-5093 21.2 23.8 2.6 12.2 2.8 19,700 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Sheet metal workers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Air Conditioning Sheet Metal Installer
* Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning (HVAC) Sheet Metal Installer
* Sheet Metal Duct Installer
* Sheet Metal Fabricator
* Sheet Metal Former
* Sheet Metal Installer
* Sheet Metal Layout Mechanic
* Sheet Metal Layout Worker
* Sheet Metal Worker
* Tinsmith

47-2211 138.9 151.0 12.0 8.7 16.2 46,940 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Apprenticeship 2
Ship engineers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Barge Engineer
* Ferry Engineer
* Towboat Engineer
* Tug Boat Engineer
* Tugboat Engineer

53-5031 10.1 10.8 0.7 6.5 1.3 70,570 Postsecondary nondegree award 5 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
Shipping, receiving, and traffic clerks
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Freight Clerk
* Incoming Freight Clerk
* Receiving Clerk
* Reconsignment Clerk
* Route Delivery Clerk
* Shipping Order Clerk
* Shipping and Receiving Clerk
* Store Receiving Clerk

43-5071 681.4 681.4 0.1 0.0 67.2 31,180 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Shoe and leather workers and repairers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Cobbler
* Leather Lacer
* Leather Worker
* Luggage Repairer
* Saddle Maker
* Saddle and Harness Maker
* Shoe Maker
* Shoemaker

51-6041 11.0 10.7 -0.3 -2.5 1.0 23,940 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Shoe machine operators and tenders
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Arch Cushion Press Operator
* Insole Beveler
* Lacing Operator
* Lasting Machine Operator
* Pump Stitcher
* Rasper Machine Operator
* Shoe Cementer
* Shoe Sewing Machine Operator and Tender
* Sole Trimmer

51-6042 3.6 3.3 -0.3 -8.5 0.4 26,150 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Signal and track switch repairers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Electric Track Switch Maintainer
* Light Rail Signal Technician
* Rail Signal Mechanic
* Railway Signal Technician
* Third Rail Installer
* Train Control Electronic Technician
* Train Control Technician

49-9097 10.0 10.1 0.1 1.1 1.0 65,350 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Skincare specialists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Electrolysis Needle Operator
* Electrolysis Operator
* Electrolysist
* Esthetician
* Facialist
* Licensed Esthetician
* Medical Esthetician
* Skin Care Technician

39-5094 61.3 69.0 7.7 12.6 8.0 30,270 Postsecondary nondegree award 5 None 4 None 6
Slaughterers and meat packers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Beef Splitter
* Cattle Killer
* Halal Meat Packer
* Hog Slaughterer
* Meat Packer
* Meat Processor
* Poultry Slaughterer
* Shochet
* Slaughterer

51-3023 82.5 82.9 0.4 0.5 10.1 26,590 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Slot supervisors
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Casino Slot Supervisor
* Electronic Gaming Device Supervisor
* Slot Floor Supervisor
* Slot Host
* Slot Key Person
* Slot Shift Manager

39-1012 12.1 12.6 0.5 4.3 2.0 36,080 High school diploma or equivalent 7 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
Social and community service managers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Child Welfare Director
* Community Service Director
* Community Service Organization Director
* Family Service Center Director
* Neighborhood Service Center Director
* Social Service Director
* Social Services Director
* Youth Program Director

11-9151 147.3 170.4 23.1 15.7 15.8 64,680 Bachelor's degree 3 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
Social and human service assistants
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Addictions Counselor Assistant
* Case Work Aide
* Clinical Social Work Aide
* Family Service Assistant
* Human Services Worker
* Social Work Assistant

21-1093 389.8 453.7 63.9 16.4 55.4 31,810 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Social science research assistants
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* City Planning Aide
* Economic Research Assistant
* Economist Research Assistant
* Historian Research Assistant
* Political Science Research Assistant
* Psychologist Research Assistant
* Sociology Research Assistant

19-4061 34.0 35.4 1.4 4.1 4.1 43,190 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Social sciences teachers, postsecondary, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Social Science Professor
* Survey Research Professor
* Urban Planning Professor

25-1069 15.3 16.8 1.5 10.0 1.3 70,740 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 None 6
Social scientists and related workers, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Behavioral Scientist
* Demographer
* Ethnologist
* Etymologist
* Linguist
* Philologist
* Social Scientist

19-3099 42.1 44.6 2.5 5.9 4.1 77,020 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Social work teachers, postsecondary
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Family Welfare Social Work Professor
* Geriatric Social Work Professor
* Health Social Work Professor
* Social Work Professor

25-1113 14.9 16.3 1.5 9.9 1.3 64,030 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 None 6
Social workers, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Criminal Justice Social Worker
* Forensic Social Worker
* Sexual Assault Social Worker

21-1029 64.0 69.0 5.0 7.9 7.1 60,230 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Sociologists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Criminologist
* Family Sociologist
* Penologist
* Rural Sociologist
* Sociologist
* Urban Sociologist

19-3041 3.5 3.5 0.0 0.1 0.3 79,750 Master's degree 2 None 4 None 6
Sociology teachers, postsecondary
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Comparative Sociology Professor
* Race Relations Professor
* Social Organization Professor

25-1067 17.9 19.6 1.7 9.8 1.6 71,840 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 None 6
Software developers, applications
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Application Integration Engineer
* Applications Developer
* Computer Applications Developer
* Computer Applications Engineer
* Database Developer
* Software Applications Architect
* Software Applications Designer
* Software Applications Engineer

15-1132 831.3 1,084.6 253.4 30.5 85.5 100,080 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Software developers, systems software
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Computer Systems Software Architect
* Computer Systems Software Engineer
* Embedded Systems Software Developer
* Enterprise Systems Engineer
* Software Systems Engineer
* Systems Software Designer
* Systems Software Specialist

15-1133 425.0 471.0 46.1 10.8 32.7 106,860 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Soil and plant scientists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Agriculturist
* Agronomist
* Arboreal Scientist
* Crop Nutrition Scientist
* Floriculturist
* Horticulturist
* Plant Physiologist
* Plant Scientist
* Pomologist
* Soil Fertility Extension Specialist
* Soil Scientist
* Viticulturist

19-1013 19.9 21.7 1.8 9.0 2.2 62,300 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Solar photovoltaic installers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* PV Installer
* PV Panel Installer
* Photovoltaic (PV) Installation Technician
* Solar PV Installer

47-2231 11.3 23.2 11.9 105.3 3.0 39,240 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Sound engineering technicians
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Audio Recording Engineer
* Disc Recordist
* Dub Room Engineer
* Film Sound Engineer
* Play Back Operator
* Public Address Technician
* Recording Engineer
* Sound Assistant
* Sound Cutter
* Sound Designer
* Sound Editor
* Sound Effects Technician
* Sound Engineering Technician

27-4014 17.0 18.1 1.1 6.3 1.7 53,680 Postsecondary nondegree award 5 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Special education teachers, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Autism Tutor
* Special Education Teacher for Adults with Disabilities

25-2059 41.3 45.4 4.1 9.8 3.4 53,860 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Special education teachers, kindergarten and elementary school
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* SED Elementary School Teacher
* Severe Emotional Disorders Elementary School Teacher
* Special Education Kindergarten Teacher

25-2052 188.9 202.8 13.9 7.4 15.0 57,040 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Special education teachers, middle school
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Middle School Special Education Teacher
* Middle School Teacher for Students with Moderate Intellectual Disabilities
* SED Middle School Teacher
* Severe Emotional Disorders Middle School Teacher

25-2053 89.3 95.7 6.3 7.1 7.1 58,560 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Special education teachers, preschool
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Early Childhood Special Education Teacher
* Early Childhood Special Educator
* Pre-K Special Education Teacher
* Pre-Kindergarten Special Education Teacher
* Special Education Preschool Teacher

25-2051 29.2 32.5 3.3 11.2 2.5 52,460 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Special education teachers, secondary school
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* High School Learning Support Teacher
* High School Special Education Teacher
* SED High School Teacher
* Secondary School Special Ed Teacher
* Severe Emotional Disorders High School Teacher

25-2054 131.9 141.6 9.7 7.4 10.5 59,700 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Speech-language pathologists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Language Pathologist
* Public School Speech Clinician
* Public School Speech Therapist
* Speech Clinician
* Speech Pathologist
* Speech Therapist
* Speech and Language Specialist

29-1127 145.1 170.5 25.4 17.5 10.3 74,680 Master's degree 2 None 4 Internship/residency 1
Stationary engineers and boiler operators
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Boiler Engineer
* Boiler Operator???
* Boiler Plant Operator
* Boiler Room Operator
* Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning (HVAC) Mechanic Boiler Operator
* High Pressure Boiler Operator

51-8021 35.7 37.4 1.7 4.8 3.9 59,400 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Long-term on-the-job training 3
Statistical assistants
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Actuarial Assistant
* Actuary Clerk
* Data Analysis Assistant
* Statistical Clerk
* Tariff Compiling Clerk

43-9111 11.8 12.9 1.1 9.2 1.6 46,850 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Statisticians
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Analytical Statistician
* Applied Statistician
* Biometrician
* Biostatistician
* Environmental Statistician
* Mathematical Statistician
* Research Biostatistician
* Sampling Expert
* Statistical Analyst
* Statistical Reporting Analyst
* Statistician
* Survey Statistician
* Time Study Statistician

15-2041 37.2 49.6 12.4 33.4 4.4 80,500 Master's degree 2 None 4 None 6
Stock clerks and order fillers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Grocery Stocker
* Inventory Control Clerk
* Inventory Taker
* Night Stocker
* Retail Stocker
* Stockroom Attendant
* Stockroom Clerk
* Store Stocker
* Supply Clerk
* Supply Room Clerk
* Tool Crib Attendant
* Warehouse Clerk
* Warehouse Stocker

43-5081 2,008.6 2,109.9 101.3 5.0 269.3 23,840 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Stonemasons
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Banker Mason
* Curbstone Setter
* Granite Setter
* Memorial Mason
* Monument Mason
* Rock Mason
* Stone Chimney Mason
* Stone Layer
* Stonemason

47-2022 18.9 20.7 1.9 9.8 1.9 39,780 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Apprenticeship 2
Structural iron and steel workers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Bridge Ironworker
* Construction Ironworker
* Iron Guardrail Installer
* Metal Tank Erector
* Ornamental Ironworker
* Pre-Engineered Metal Building Ironworker
* Precast Concrete Ironworker
* Steel Fabricator
* Steel Fitter
* Structural Steel Erector
* Wind Turbine Erector

47-2221 70.2 79.2 9.0 12.8 8.7 51,800 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Apprenticeship 2
Structural metal fabricators and fitters
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Mill Beam Fitter
* Protector Plate Attacher

51-2041 77.0 65.2 -11.8 -15.3 6.5 37,730 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Substance abuse and behavioral disorder counselors
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Addiction Counselor
* Addiction Therapist
* Alcohol and Drug Counselor
* Certified Abuse and Drug Addiction Counselor
* Certified Alcohol and Drug Counselor
* Chemical Dependency Counselor
* Drug Abuse Counselor
* Drug Counselor
* Substance Abuse Counselor

21-1011 102.4 122.8 20.4 19.9 13.5 41,070 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Subway and streetcar operators
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Light Rail Operator
* Light Rail Transit Operator
* Light Rail Vehicle Operator
* Rapid Transit Operator
* Subway Conductor
* Subway Train Operator
* Tram Operator
* Trolley Car Operator

53-4041 12.8 13.4 0.5 4.1 1.3 64,680 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Surgeons
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Brain Surgeon
* Cardiac Surgeon
* Cardiovascular Surgeon
* Colorectal Surgeon
* Neurological Surgeon
* Neurosurgeon
* Orthopaedic Surgeon
* Orthopedic Surgeon
* Plastic Surgeon
* Reconstructive Surgeon
* Surgical Oncologist
* Thoracic Surgeon
* Vascular Surgeon

29-1067 45.0 52.6 7.6 16.8 2.0 >=208,000 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 Internship/residency 1
Surgical technologists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Certified Surgical Technologist
* OR Tech
* Operating Room Technician
* Surgical First Assistant
* Surgical Scrub Technologist
* Surgical Technologist

29-2055 107.7 120.3 12.6 11.7 10.0 45,160 Postsecondary nondegree award 5 None 4 None 6
Survey researchers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Pollster
* Survey Methodologist
* Survey Questionnaire Designer
* Survey Researcher

19-3022 14.6 14.7 0.1 0.9 1.3 54,470 Master's degree 2 None 4 None 6
Surveying and mapping technicians
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Cartographic Aide
* Cartographic Technician
* Field Map Technician
* GIS Mapping Technician
* Geophysical Prospecting Surveying Technician
* Mapping Technician
* Mineral Surveying Technician
* Surveying Technician
* Topography Technician

17-3031 60.2 66.6 6.4 10.6 7.2 42,450 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Surveyors
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* City Surveyor
* County Surveyor
* Geodetic Surveyor
* Geophysical Prospecting Surveyor
* Land Surveyor
* Mine Surveyor
* Mineral Surveyor
* Registered Land Surveyor
* Topographical Surveyor

17-1022 44.8 49.8 5.0 11.2 3.8 59,390 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 Internship/residency 1
Switchboard operators, including answering service
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* PBX Operator
* Private Branch Exchange Operator
* Telephone Answering Service Operator
* Telephone Switchboard Operator

43-2011 93.2 74.7 -18.5 -19.9 9.0 28,030 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Tailors, dressmakers, and custom sewers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Alterations Sewer
* Alterations Tailor
* Bridal Gown Fitter
* Coat Cutter
* Coat Maker
* Couture Dressmaker
* Dress Fitter
* Fur Tailor
* Garment Fitter
* Suit Maker
* Vest Maker

51-6052 44.3 44.1 -0.1 -0.3 5.5 28,240 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Tank car, truck, and ship loaders
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Barge Loader
* Bulk Tank Car Unloader
* Dock Loader
* Rail Car Loader
* Rail Loader
* Ship Unloader
* Tank Car Loader
* Tank Truck Loader

53-7121 10.8 11.4 0.6 5.2 1.4 35,770 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Tapers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Drywall Taper
* Sheet Rock Taper
* Wall Taper

47-2082 23.7 23.8 0.1 0.6 2.1 48,990 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Tax examiners and collectors, and revenue agents
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* City Collector
* Customs Appraiser
* Income Tax Adjuster
* Internal Revenue Agent
* Internal Revenue Service Agent
* Revenue Collector
* Revenue Enforcement Agent
* Tax Compliance Officer
* Tax Compliance Representative
* Tax Examiner
* Tax Investigator
* Tax Revenue Officer

13-2081 62.1 61.7 -0.4 -0.6 4.2 52,060 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Tax preparers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Corporate Tax Preparer
* Income Tax Advisor
* Income Tax Preparer
* Licensed Tax Consultant
* Tax Consultant
* Tax Specialist

13-2082 95.9 106.3 10.4 10.8 11.5 36,550 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Taxi drivers and chauffeurs
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Cab Driver
* Courtesy Car Driver
* Courtesy Van Driver
* Funeral Car Driver
* Hearse Driver
* Limousine Driver
* Livery Car Driver
* Shuttle Bus Driver

53-3041 305.1 319.9 14.7 4.8 32.7 24,300 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Teacher assistants
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Basic Skills Improvement Program Instructional Aide
* Classroom Aide
* Educational Assistant Teacher
* Gifted and Talented Student Education Aide
* Instructional Aide
* Instructional Assistant
* Learning Support Aide
* Paraeducator
* Public Health Training Assistant
* Reading Aide
* Special Education Aide
* Special Education Classroom Aide
* Special Education Instructional Assistant
* Special Education Paraeducator
* Special Education Paraprofessional
* Special Education Teaching Assistant
* Teacher Aide

25-9041 1,308.1 1,417.6 109.5 8.4 147.9 25,410 Some college, no degree 6 None 4 None 6
Teachers and instructors, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Substitute Teacher
* Tutor

25-3099 993.9 1,086.4 92.5 9.3 121.3 30,110 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Team assemblers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Lead Team Assembler
* Team Assembly Line Machine Operator
* Team Automobile Assembler

51-2092 1,130.9 987.9 -143.0 -12.6 107.7 30,060 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Technical writers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Assembly Instructions Writer
* Documentation Writer
* Engineering Writer
* Handbook Writer
* Medical Writer
* Specifications Writer
* Technical Communicator
* Technical Writer

27-3042 52.4 58.1 5.7 10.9 5.7 69,850 Bachelor's degree 3 Less than 5 years 2 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Telecommunications equipment installers and repairers, except line installers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Communications Equipment Installer
* Fiber Optic Central Office Installer
* Headend Technician
* Private Branch Exchange (PBX ) Installer and Repairer
* Switchboard Wirer
* Telecommunications Switch Technician

49-2022 237.6 219.6 -17.9 -7.6 21.9 53,640 Postsecondary nondegree award 5 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Telecommunications line installers and repairers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Cable Television Installer
* FIOS Line Installer
* Fiber Optic Technician
* Telecommunication Lines Repairer
* Telecommunications Line Installer
* Telephone Cable Splicer
* Telephone Lines Repairer
* Telephone Lineworker

49-9052 106.1 107.8 1.7 1.6 10.7 52,590 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Long-term on-the-job training 3
Telemarketers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Inbound Telemarketer
* Outbound Telemarketer
* Telemarketer
* Telemarketing Sales Representative
* Telephone Solicitor
* Telesales Representative
* Telesales Specialist

41-9041 216.6 216.5 -0.1 0.0 33.3 24,300 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Telephone operators
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* 411 Directory Assistance Operator
* Directory Assistance Operator
* Information Operator
* Local Telephone Operator
* Long Distance Operator
* Telephone Exchange Operator

43-2021 9.1 7.0 -2.0 -22.6 0.9 37,000 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Tellers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Bank Teller
* Commercial Teller
* Exchange Teller
* Foreign Banknote Teller
* Foreign Exchange Clerk
* Loan Teller
* Money Order Clerk
* Receiving Teller
* Savings Teller
* Securities Teller

43-3071 502.7 460.9 -41.7 -8.3 51.5 27,260 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Terrazzo workers and finishers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Granite-Chip Terrazzo Finisher
* Marble-Chip Terrazzo Worker
* Onyx-Chip Terrazzo Worker
* Rustic Terrazzo Setter
* Terrazzo Finisher
* Terrazzo Grinder
* Terrazzo Installer
* Terrazzo Layer
* Terrazzo Setter
* Terrazzo Worker

47-2053 3.6 4.0 0.4 12.3 0.4 40,930 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Apprenticeship 2
Textile bleaching and dyeing machine operators and tenders
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Cloth Dyer
* Dye Range Operator
* Rug Dyer
* Skein Yarn Dyer
* Yarn Dyer

51-6061 11.3 9.4 -1.9 -17.0 1.0 27,270 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Textile cutting machine setters, operators, and tenders
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Bedspread Cutter
* Canvas Cutter
* Cloth Cutter
* Industrial Fabric Cutter
* Textile Slitting Machine Operator
* Twill Cutter
* Upholstery Cutter
* Welt Trimming Machine Operator

51-6062 15.0 12.6 -2.4 -15.8 1.6 26,090 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Textile knitting and weaving machine setters, operators, and tenders
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Crochet Machine Operator
* Jacquard Loom Weaver
* Knitter Operator
* Knitting Machine Operator
* Loom Operator
* Looping Machine Operator
* Warp Knitting Machine Operator

51-6063 22.2 18.1 -4.1 -18.3 2.1 27,470 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Textile winding, twisting, and drawing out machine setters, operators, and tenders
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Rope Machine Setter
* Roving Winder
* Silk Winding Machine Operator
* Twister Operator
* Winder Operator

51-6064 30.8 25.8 -5.0 -16.3 2.6 27,500 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Textile, apparel, and furnishings workers, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Apparel Embroidery Digitizer
* Feltmaker
* Hat Blocking Machine Operator
* Swatch Maker
* Tassel Making Machine Operator

51-6099 16.3 15.8 -0.5 -3.0 1.9 25,890 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Therapists, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Art Therapist
* Auriculotherapist
* Educational Therapist
* Hydrotherapist
* Music Therapist
* Peripatologist

29-1129 24.1 28.9 4.8 19.7 1.9 56,700 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6
Tile and marble setters
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Ceramic Tile Installer
* Hard Tile Setter
* Marble Ceiling Installer
* Parquet Floor Layer
* Tile Installer
* Tile Mason
* Wood Tile Installer

47-2044 58.3 64.2 5.8 10.0 5.7 40,460 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Long-term on-the-job training 3
Timing device assemblers and adjusters
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Digital Watch Assembler
* Electrical Timing Device Calibrator
* Marine Chronometer Assembler
* Time Stamp Assembler

51-2093 0.8 0.6 -0.2 -19.9 0.1 37,040 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Tire builders
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Auto Tire Recapper
* Retreader
* Tire Finisher
* Tire Molder
* Tire Retreader

51-9197 22.3 19.6 -2.7 -12.1 2.1 41,680 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Tire repairers and changers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Auto Tire Worker
* Tire Balancer
* Tire Fixer
* Tire Mechanic
* Tire Mounter
* Tire Servicer
* Tire Technician

49-3093 111.7 112.6 0.9 0.8 13.9 25,040 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Title examiners, abstractors, and searchers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Abstract Searcher
* Abstract Writer
* Advisory Title Officer
* Escrow Officer
* Land Title Examiner
* Lease Examiner
* Lien Searcher
* Title Agent
* Title Checker
* Title Examiner
* Title Inspector
* Title Investigator
* Title Officer
* Title Searcher

23-2093 69.0 71.7 2.8 4.0 6.0 45,800 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Tool and die makers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Jig Bore Tool Maker
* Metal Die Finisher
* Metal Gauge Maker
* Plastic Die Maker Apprentice
* Tool Maker
* Toolmaker

51-4111 72.5 67.2 -5.3 -7.3 6.0 51,060 Postsecondary nondegree award 5 None 4 Long-term on-the-job training 3
Tool grinders, filers, and sharpeners
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Tool Grinder
* Tool Grinding Machine Operator
* Tool Sharpener
* Tool Straightener

51-4194 9.5 9.2 -0.3 -3.5 1.1 36,650 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Tour guides and escorts
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Historical Interpreter
* Historical Site Guide
* Museum Docent
* Museum Guide
* Sightseeing Guide
* Tourist Escort
* Tourist Guide

39-7011 45.8 50.8 5.0 10.9 8.8 24,920 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Traffic technicians
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Highway Traffic Control Technician
* Traffic Engineering Technician
* Traffic Signal Technician
* Transportation Planning Technician
* Transportation Technician

53-6041 6.6 7.2 0.6 9.1 0.8 45,150 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Training and development managers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* E-Learning Manager
* Employee Development Director
* Employee Development Manager
* Labor Training Manager

11-3131 34.5 38.1 3.6 10.3 3.5 105,830 Bachelor's degree 3 5 years or more 1 None 6
Training and development specialists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Computer Training Specialist
* Corporate Trainer
* Employee Development Specialist
* Job Training Specialist
* Training Coordinator
* Training Specialist
* Workforce Development Specialist

13-1151 282.8 315.3 32.5 11.5 31.7 59,020 Bachelor's degree 3 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
Transit and railroad police
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Railroad Detective
* Railroad Police Officer
* Track Patrol
* Transit Authority Police
* Transit Police Officer

33-3052 4.9 5.3 0.3 6.3 0.4 66,610 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Transportation attendants, except flight attendants
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Dining Car Steward
* Ship Steward
* Sleeping Car Service Attendant
* Train Attendant

53-6061 18.5 20.0 1.6 8.4 2.7 26,060 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Transportation inspectors
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Aircraft Inspector
* Aircraft Landing Gear Inspector
* Aircraft Quality Control Inspector
* Airworthiness Safety Inspector
* Freight Inspector
* Locomotive Inspector
* Motor Vehicle Emissions Inspector
* Railroad Car Inspector
* Railroad Inspector
* School Bus Inspector
* Transit Vehicle Inspector

53-6051 28.2 29.8 1.7 5.9 2.9 72,220 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Transportation security screeners
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Airport Baggage Screener
* Airport Security Screener
* Flight Security Specialist
* Transportation Security Administration (TSA) Screener
* Transportation Security Officer

33-9093 46.1 47.3 1.2 2.6 4.2 39,680 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Transportation workers, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Airplane Refueler
* Pedicab Driver
* Rickshaw Driver

53-6099 38.0 41.2 3.1 8.3 4.8 35,660 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Transportation, storage, and distribution managers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Airport Manager
* Cold Storage Supervisor
* Distribution Center Manager
* Logistics Manager
* Logistics Supply Officer
* Marine Oil Terminal Superintendent
* Traffic Safety Administrator
* Transportation Manager
* Warehouse Manager
* Warehouse Operations Manager

11-3071 115.5 123.3 7.7 6.7 9.7 89,190 High school diploma or equivalent 7 5 years or more 1 None 6
Travel agents
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Auto Travel Counselor
* Certified Corporate Travel Executive
* Certified Travel Counselor
* Corporate Travel Expert
* Travel Agent
* Travel Consultant
* Travel Counselor
* Travel Service Consultant

41-3041 81.7 74.3 -7.5 -9.1 8.1 36,460 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Travel guides
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Cruise Director
* River Expedition Guide
* Tour Coordinator
* Tour Director
* Travel Guide

39-7012 3.6 3.8 0.2 5.5 0.7 32,100 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Tree trimmers and pruners
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Pruner
* Tree Pruner
* Tree Specialist
* Tree Surgeon
* Tree Trimmer

37-3013 54.5 60.3 5.8 10.7 7.4 35,030 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Umpires, referees, and other sports officials
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Athletic Events Scorer
* Baseball Umpire
* Diving Judge
* Dressage Judge
* Equestrian Events Judge
* Handicapper
* Horse Show Judge
* Paddock Judge
* Pit Steward
* Placing Judge
* Race Starter

27-2023 21.1 22.7 1.6 7.4 3.0 25,660 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Upholsterers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Aircraft Seat Upholsterer
* Auto Upholsterer
* Chair Upholsterer
* Dining Chair Seat Cushion Trimmer
* Furniture Upholsterer
* Seating Upholsterer

51-6093 41.6 42.7 1.0 2.5 4.4 33,050 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Urban and regional planners
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* City Planner
* Community Development Planner
* Regional Planner
* Urban Planner

19-3051 36.0 40.6 4.6 12.8 3.5 70,020 Master's degree 2 None 4 None 6
Ushers, lobby attendants, and ticket takers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Drive-In Theater Attendant
* Lobby Attendant
* Theater Usher
* Ticket Attendant
* Ticket Collector
* Usher

39-3031 117.7 126.4 8.8 7.5 30.5 19,920 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Veterinarians
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Animal Pathologist
* Animal Surgeon
* Doctor of Veterinary Medicine
* Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (DVM)
* Equine Veterinarian
* Large Animal Veterinarian
* Poultry Pathologist
* Public Health Veterinarian
* Small Animal Veterinarian
* Veterinary Medicine Scientist
* Wildlife Veterinarian

29-1131 79.6 94.0 14.4 18.1 4.5 88,770 Doctoral or professional degree 1 None 4 None 6
Veterinary assistants and laboratory animal caretakers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Laboratory Animal Caretaker
* Veterinarian Assistant
* Veterinarian Helper
* Veterinary Attendant

31-9096 83.8 100.0 16.3 19.4 15.5 25,250 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Veterinary technologists and technicians
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Certified Veterinary Technician
* LVT
* Licensed Veterinary Technician
* Registered Veterinary Technician
* Veterinary Lab Tech
* Veterinary Laboratory Technician
* Veterinary Surgery Technician
* Veterinary Surgery Technologist
* Veterinary Technologist
* Veterinary X-Ray Operator

29-2056 102.0 122.4 20.4 19.9 10.7 32,490 Associate's degree 4 None 4 None 6
Vocational education teachers, postsecondary
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Architectural Drafting Instructor
* Aviation Maintenance Instructor
* Barbering Instructor
* Barbering Teacher
* Building Trades Instructor
* Carpentry Instructor
* Commercial Art Instructor
* Computer Repair Instructor
* Computer-Aided Drafting and Design Instructor
* Cosmetology Professor
* Electrical Technology Instructor
* Electronics Technology Instructor
* Industrial Electrical Technology Instructor
* Industrial Maintenance Instructor
* Machine Tool Technician Instructor
* Masonry Instructor
* Massage Therapy Instructor
* Mechanical Maintenance Instructor
* Paralegal Instructor
* Postsecondary Career and Technical Education Teacher
* Residential Construction Instructor
* Skin Care Instructor
* Upholstery Instructor
* Vocational Horticulture Instructor
* Welding Instructor

25-1194 128.0 129.7 1.7 1.3 9.8 50,660 Bachelor's degree 3 Less than 5 years 2 None 6
Waiters and waitresses
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Cocktail Server
* Cocktail Waitress
* Dining Car Server
* Restaurant Server
* Wine Steward

35-3031 2,600.5 2,783.0 182.5 7.0 522.7 19,990 No formal educational credential 8 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Watch repairers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Antique Clock Repairer
* Chronometer Repairer
* Clock Repair Technician
* Clockmaker
* Clocksmith
* Horologist
* Time Piece Repairer
* Watchmaker

49-9064 1.8 1.3 -0.5 -28.7 0.1 36,740 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Long-term on-the-job training 3
Water and wastewater treatment plant and system operators
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Industrial Waste Treatment Technician
* Lead Sewage Plant Operator
* Liquid Waste Treatment Plant Operator
* Sewage Plant Operator
* Waste Treatment Operator
* Wastewater Operator
* Water Plant Operator
* Water Treatment Technician

51-8031 119.2 115.4 -3.8 -3.2 9.2 45,760 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Long-term on-the-job training 3
Web developers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Internet Application Developer
* Internet Developer
* Intranet Developer
* Web Content Developer
* Web Designer
* Web Developer

15-1134 162.9 184.2 21.3 13.1 14.2 66,130 Associate's degree 4 None 4 None 6
Weighers, measurers, checkers, and samplers, recordkeeping
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Bean Weigher
* Cheese Weigher
* Freight Checker
* Sample Checker
* Scale Attendant
* Scale Clerk
* Scale Operator
* Warehouse Checker
* Weighing Station Operator
* Wool Sampler

43-5111 75.9 77.3 1.4 1.9 7.6 28,790 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Aluminum Welder
* Arc Welder
* Brazer
* Certified Maintenance Welder
* Cutting Torch Operator
* Pipe Welder
* Silver Solderer
* Sub Arc Operator
* Welder Fitter
* Wire Welder

51-4121 404.8 427.0 22.2 5.5 45.8 39,390 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Welding, soldering, and brazing machine setters, operators, and tenders
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Brazing Machine Operator
* Brazing Machine Setter and Setup Operator
* Brazing Machine Tender
* Electron Beam Welder Setter
* Machine Welder
* Reserve Tube Welder
* Soldering Machine Operator
* Soldering Machine Setter and Setup Operator
* Soldering Machine Tender
* Ultrasonic Welding Machine Operator
* Welding Machine Operator

51-4122 49.2 44.2 -5.1 -10.3 4.4 36,980 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Wellhead pumpers
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Oil Field Pumper
* Oil Well Pumper
* Oilfield Plant and Field Operator
* Wellhead Pumper

53-7073 11.5 14.0 2.5 21.7 1.8 49,610 High school diploma or equivalent 7 Less than 5 years 2 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Wholesale and retail buyers, except farm products
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Gold Buyer
* Merchandise Buyer
* Retail Buyer
* Tie Buyer
* Wholesale Buyer

13-1022 123.3 121.0 -2.4 -1.9 13.4 53,340 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Wind turbine service technicians
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Wind Energy Mechanic
* Wind Energy Technician
* Wind Turbine Mechanic
* Wind Turbine Technician

49-9081 5.8 11.3 5.5 96.1 1.4 52,260 Postsecondary nondegree award 5 None 4 Long-term on-the-job training 3
Woodworkers, all other
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Pole Framer
* Timber Framer
* Wood Carver
* Wood Casket Assembler
* Wood Veneer Taper

51-7099 12.1 12.6 0.5 4.1 1.4 28,500 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders, except sawing
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* CNC Wood Lathe Operator
* Roof Truss Builder
* Speed Belt Sander
* Tenon Operator
* Wood Boring Machine Operator
* Wood Dowel Machine Operator
* Wood Lathe Operator
* Wood Planer

51-7042 77.1 77.6 0.6 0.7 8.4 28,510 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Moderate-term on-the-job training 4
Word processors and typists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Clerk Typist
* Dictaphone Typist
* Legal Transcriptionist
* Statistical Typist
* Transcription Typist
* Typist
* Word Processor

43-9022 74.9 49.9 -25.0 -33.4 4.5 38,740 High school diploma or equivalent 7 None 4 Short-term on-the-job training 5
Writers and authors
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Advertising Copy Writer
* Advertising Copywriter
* Author
* Biographer
* Copy Writer
* Copywriter
* Lyricist
* Novelist
* Playwright
* Poet
* Program Writer
* Radio Script Writer
* Screen Writer
* Short Story Writer
* Song Lyricist
* Television Writer
* Verse Writer

27-3043 131.2 142.2 11.0 8.3 12.7 61,240 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 Long-term on-the-job training 3
Zoologists and wildlife biologists
Show/hide Example Job Titles

* Aquatic Biologist
* Entomologist
* Fish Culturist
* Fishery Biologist
* Herpetologist
* Ichthyologist
* Lepidopterist
* Marine Biologist
* Migratory Game Bird Biologist
* Ornithologist
* Protozoologist
* Wildlife Biologist

19-1023 19.4 20.8 1.5 7.5 1.8 60,520 Bachelor's degree 3 None 4 None 6